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外研版英语选修第一册习题 Unit 6 Section A Starting out & Understanding ideas
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外研版英语选修第一册习题 Unit 6 Section A Starting out & Understanding ideas

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Unit 6Nurturing nature

Section A Starting out & Understanding ideas

课后篇巩固提升

基础训练

.单词拼写

1.As he swims,his body temperature s      drops,which in turn causes his muscle control to drop,slowing him down. 

答案steadily

2.Although the coral looks hard,it is very d     . 

答案delicate

3.China has s      culture with a long history. 

答案splendid

4.Its a      (悠闲的) season-long tour of a continent-wide buffet line. 

答案leisurely

5.Their cancers are not so clearly tied to r      exposure. 

答案radiation

6.The traditional philosophy is a kind of      (镜式)philosophy characterized by fundamentalism”. 

答案mirror-like

7.She kept telling me how things were different in Puerto Rico,to always put on sunscreen,not to w      away from my grandmother,and other warnings. 

答案wander

8.The fancy natural s      and life there,along with the authors romantic and intensive emotions will inspire you to explore the mysterious land. 

答案scenery

.短语填空

catch ones eye;be about to do;thanks to;work on;overcome the challenges of;above sea level;reach out;bring...to life;be located at;at ones leisure

1.If I choose to      other projects in my own time,then I say that is my business. 

答案work on

2.These old men and women usually go to dance     . 

答案at their leisure

3.She had some doubts about what she     . 

答案was about to do

4.If we keep that spirit alive,then I know that we will      our time. 

答案overcome the challenges of

5.The moment a tourist enters the forest,one amazing view after another will     . 

答案catch his eye

6.The Museum      the edge of the airfield.In general,exhibits are in good condition. 

答案is located at

7.The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is the worlds highest plateau,averaging over 4,000 metres      and covering an area of 200,000 square kilometres. 

答案above sea level

8.Let us      our hands to catch a falling leaf and write our words on it. 

答案reach out

9.His aim,in which he succeeds proudly,is to      the culture of the time     . 

答案bring;to life

10.Mankind are probably more aware of these problems worldwide than ever before      advances in technology and communication. 

答案thanks to

.完成句子

1.既然我有健康保险,我就能要求返还医疗费用。

Since I have health insurance,I was able to           my medical expenses. 

答案claim for

2.一条蜿蜒曲折的河流()蜿蜒流入大海。

A wandering river                               . 

答案winds its way to the sea

3.考试前的晚上,恐惧和绝望让我内心无比惊慌。

The night before the test I                fear and anxiety. 

答案was overcome by

4.我们将努力赶上世界先进水平。

Well do our best to                the advanced world levels. 

答案catch up with

5.主席与到会的每一个人握手。

The chairman shook hands with everyone                     .  

答案present at the meeting

6.机遇到处有,但靠你去抓。

There are chances everywhere,but you must                them. 

答案reach out for

能力提升

.阅读理解

A

Soon enough,we will lose some of the most amazing sites on Earth!

The Great Barrier Reef

Rising air temperatures will cause sea temperatures to rise as well.All life supported by the oceans will be affected with this shock to their ecosystem.Corals are some of the most vulnerable marine animals and we are already watching whole reefs disappear.The Great Barrier Reef in Australia is no exception and will continue to shrink as the temperatures rise!These reefs are some of the best in the world for diving,but they will soon disappear!

Venice

Sprawling across(横跨)hundreds of small islands in Northeast Italy,Venice is at extreme risk of sinking into the Adriatic Sea.Rising sea levels are in fact a serious threat to many coastal cities located at sea level.Lucky for us,however,Venice is developing a series of sea walls to protect the city in times of high tide.

Glacier(冰川)National Park

Glacier National Park was once covered by over 150 glaciers,but by 2005 it only had about 27!Located in Montana,Canada,this park is over a million acres and has a huge plant and wildlife population.As temperatures rise,the glaciers and ice melt,which will upset the ecosystems sustaining over a thousand plant species and hundreds of animals.

The Amazon

The cause behind the disappearance of these fantastic places ultimately comes down to humans.Our expansion usually requires cutting down forests for land,fuel and materials,but rarely considers the consequences.These forests are sources of food and medicine for just about everyone on the planet!

What will happen if we lose these valuable places and beautiful destinations?

【语篇解读】本文属于环保类阅读,作者向我们介绍了如今全球变暖所引发的一些问题:我们将失去一些地球上最令人惊奇的地方!

1.According to the text,what is causing the corals death?

A.Rising sea levels.

B.Rising sea temperatures.

C.Humans diving activities.

D.The shrinkage(缩小)of their habitats.

答案B

解析细节理解题。根据第二段The Great Barrier Reef in Australia is no exception and will continue to shrink as the temperatures rise!These reefs are some of the best in the world for diving,but they will soon disappear!可知珊瑚虫死亡的原因是因为海水温度升高,故选B项。

2.What can we infer from the part of Venice?

A.Many places are in the risk of sinking below the sea level.

B.Venice is the only coastal city of Italy.

C.Venice will never sink because of the protection of sea walls.

D.Italy consists of hundreds of small islands in the Adriatic Sea.

答案A

解析细节理解题。根据第三段Rising sea levels are in fact a serious threat to many coastal cities located at sea level.”可知海平面的升高威胁着很多沿海的城市,故选A项。

3.What can we learn about Glacier National Park from the text?

A.It doesnt support any living thing for its cold.

B.It is covered by over 150 glaciers.

C.Plant species and animals in it have died out.

D.It covers a large area in Montana.

答案D

解析细节理解题。根据第四段Located in Montana,Canada,this park is over a million acres and has a huge plant and wildlife population.”可知冰川自然公园在蒙大拿州占据了很大的面积,故选D项。

4.Which sites shrinking reason differs from the other sites?

A.The Great Barrier Reef.

B.Venice.

C.The Amazon.

D.Glacier National Park.

答案C

解析细节理解题。根据The Great Barrier ReefRising air temperatures will cause sea temperatures to rise as well;VeniceRising sea levels are in fact a serious threat...at sea level,可知这三个景点正在消失的原因是气候变暖。根据最后一段第二句可知亚马孙雨林的减少是因为人类领地的扩张,和以上三个景点原因不同。故选C项。

 

B

Building a five-star hotel in the middle of a valuable wilderness(荒野)without damaging(破坏)the environment might not be easy,but it is far from impossible.The King Pacific Lodge in British Columbias Great Bear Rainforest shows that if enough care and attention is taken,the task is possible.

Unlike many other hotel building plans,no trees were cut down and no land was wasted to build it.The Lodge does not have the same location(位置) but sits on a floating boat pulled into the sea bay in May,till September.Those wishing to stay in one of its seventeen rooms must access it by boat or seaplane.Each guest staying at the Lodge is charged 3% tax()on the protection of the natural resources,but is given the chance to see whales and bears.And since these are the main attractions of the area and of the Lodge,the management knows well that in order to stay in business they must make the area untouched.

In 2000,the Lodge management signed an agreement with the native(本土的)Gitgaat people.Together they work for the benefit of the area.The Lodge knows that the native tribe(部落)is the owners of the land,so it pays the tribe for the use of their land and even supports the native youth and employs the tribes people.They,in turn,teach the newcomers about the local culture.

The King Pacific Lodge is one of a growing number of tourism companies that manage to minimize their environmental damage to win the approval(批准)of the local government where they set up their business.These companies pay more attention to environmental protection and are careful to use natural resources and protect endangered animals.Realizing how destructive tourism can be,they want to avoid the love-it-to-death effect of tourism.

【语篇解读】这是一篇说明文。主要说明了在一片珍贵的荒野中建造的一座五星级酒店King Pacific旅馆,它坐落在一艘浮动船上,不占用土地,不砍伐树木。为了继续营业,他们必须保持该地区的原貌,同时与当地人签署协议,一起为这个地区的利益而工作。越来越多的旅游公司试图将对环境的破坏降到最低来表明旅游业可以减少对环境的破坏。

5.From the passage,we know that the King Pacific Lodge   . 

A.follows other hotels building plans

B.is less popular among tourists

C.is far away from an important wilderness

D.has been created after careful consideration

答案D

解析细节理解题。根据第一段可知King Pacific旅馆是经过深思熟虑才成立的。故选D项。

6.Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A.The King Pacific Lodge is in an area without any trees.

B.The King Pacific Lodge can be moved from place to place.

C.Guests in the King Pacific Lodge can take part in programs about the protection of nature.

D.Guests in the King Pacific Lodge have to pay extra money for the boat to get there.

答案B

解析细节理解题。根据第二段第二句可知King Pacific旅馆可以从一个地方移动到另一个地方。故选B项。

7.According to Paragraph 3,we learn that some of the native people    . 

A.want to learn the newcomersculture

B.are not willing to sell their land

C.are employed by local government to work for the Lodge

D.may have the chance to work at the Lodge

答案D

解析细节理解题。根据第三段可知一些当地人可能有机会在小屋工作。故选D项。

8.According to the passage,the tourist industry   . 

A.will always do harm to the environment

B.cares little about the importance of environmentally friendly tourism

C.can do less damage to the environment

D.always has a disagreement with the local government

答案C

解析细节理解题。根据最后一段可知旅游业可以减少对环境的破坏。故选C项。

 

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