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2019高考英语一轮复习必修2 Unit2 The Olympic Games讲义+同步训练+单元测试卷

2019高考英语一轮复习必修2 Unit2 The Olympic Games讲义+同步训练+单元测试卷

2018-12-03
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Ⅰ.阅读理解 A (2018·合肥高三调研性检测) Golden Gate Bridge Located in San Francisco, the Golden Gate Bridge started in the year 1933 to connect the San Francisco Peninsula with Marin County. It was finally thrown open to public traffic in 1937. It cost $25.7 million in the construction. Till the year 1957, the Golden Gate Bridge, at a length of 2,737 meters, was the longest suspension bridge in the world. Brooklyn Bridge The Brooklyn Bridge is located in Brooklyn. It is one of the oldest suspension bridges in the United States, having been opened in the year 1883. The length of the bridge is 1,843 meters. The bridge has been featured in several Hollywood movies. George Washington Bridge Also known as the Hudson River Bridge and the Columbus Bridge, the George Washington Bridge which connects Fort Lee to Manhattan came into use in 1931 after a construction period of almost 4 years. It is a two?level suspension bridge that cost about $52 million to build. Mackinac Bridge This is the third biggest suspension bridge in the world at a length of 8,038 meters. The architect of this bridge was Dr David B Steinman who directed the construction of the bridge which started in the year 1954 and was opened to the public in 1958. People using this bridge are charged a certain amount of money. Navajo Bridge Located in Arizona, this bridge crosses the Colorado River and is almost 250 meters long. The construction of this bridge started in the year 1927, ending two years later, costing $390,000. In the 1990s a second bridge was built which was opened to the public in 1994. The first bridge is now used only by pedestrians. 1.What do we know about the Golden Gate Bridge? A.It consists of two bridges. B.It costs the least of the five bridges. C.It is the longest suspension bridge in the world. D.It takes about 4 years to complete the construction. 2.Which of the following bridges was built the earliest? A.Golden Gate Bridge. B.Brooklyn Bridge. C.George Washington Bridge. D.Navajo Bridge. 3.What will you do if you drive across Mackinac Bridge? A.Have to pay some money. B.Use the second bridge. C.Cover nearly 250 meters. D.See the statue of Dr David B Steinman. B (2018·陕西部分重点中学高三摸底) Are Your Clothes Causing Pollution? Very small pieces of plastic, called microfibers, are polluting rivers and oceans.4.________ Clothes worn for outdoor activities and exercise are often made of artificial material, which is useful in keeping warm. But they contain very small plastic fibers, which may also be harming the environment when you wash them. When people wash these clothes, very small pieces go down the drain(下水道) with the wash water. 5.________ Pollution caused by plastic is not new, but recent studies have shown the effect of microfibers in the environment. Studies show very small microfibers are ending up in our waters, which may come from waste water treatment factories. A 2015 study found them in fish from California. Microfibers' effect on food supplies. Beyond the waterways, the researchers say microfibers may end up in soil and agricultural lands. 6.________ This means there is much to be learned about microfibers and the environment. Some studies have shown that microfibers end up inside sea animals, like oysters. 7.________ Researchers say that the fibers tend not to move into the tissue of the fish, but it needs more study. Steps to save or keep microfibers from the environment. Until more information becomes known, there are steps to take to reduce the amount of microfibers in the environment. People should use less of the artificial materials. If we already have those in our lives and we're using them, an important step would be washing them less. 8.________ A bag is being designed in which you can wash these clothes. The bag traps the microfibers in it and it may be available for purchase soon. A.New technology may also help. B.Studies on how much of the microfibers are released. C.The source of these microfibers may surprise you: your clothes. D.Washing machines keep microfibers from escaping with wash water. E.Studies on microfibers in the environment. F.They can also move around the atmosphere. G.So if these microfibers have been found in fish and seafood, are they safe to eat? Ⅱ.完形填空 (状元桥改编) An unusual match Darius and Johntel both love basketball and are captains of their high school basketball teams. But on one Saturday night, they were forever linked in the __1__ of all who were present at a game between Darius's small town team and Johntel's big city team. Just __2__ before the game, Johntel's mother died from cancer. Her sudden __3__ made Johntel very sad. So Johntel's coach wanted to __4__ the game. But Johntel __5__ that the game should be played. So with __6__ hearts, his teammates prepared to play—and hopefully win—without him. __7__,_Johntel appeared in the gym midway through the first half. Seeing him, Johntel's coach called a time out, and players and fans __8__ the sad young man to offer love and __9__. Johntel wanted to __10__ but putting him in the game at that point would __11__ a technical foul(犯规) and two free throws for the opposing team. The opposing team understood the __12__ and told the referees to let Johntel play and to __13__ the technical foul. The referees __14__ that a rule is a rule, and the free throws would have to be taken before the game could __15__. As the team captain, Darius __16__ to take the shots. The free throw line is 15 feet from the basket. However, Darius's first shot traveled about 4 feet. His second shot __17__ traveled 2. Immediately, Johntel and his teammates __18__ what Darius was doing. They stood and applauded the __19__ of sportsmanship as Darius walked back to his bench. Johntel's team won the game in the end. But as the two __20__ met after the game for pizza and sodas, nobody on either side was too concerned with wins or losses. 1.A.eyes B.heads C.ears D.mind 2.A.minutes B.hours C.days D.weeks 3.A.disease B.wound C.death D.play 4.A.cancel B.watch C.defeat D.organize 5.A.suggested B.expected C.wished D.insisted 6.A.broken B.heavy C.healthy D.cheerful 7.A.Fortunately B.Expectedly C.Surprisingly D.Hopefully 8.A.surrounded B.comforted C.encouraged D.called 9.A.luck B.fun C.respect D.support 10.A.challenge B.play C.study D.work 11.A.put off B.give up C.result in D.escape from 12.A.situation B.lesson C.meaning D.fact 13.A.perform B.accept C.reduce D.forget 14.A.agreed B.argued C.doubted B.guessed 15.A.start B.end C.continue D.stop 16.A.offered B.refused C.hesitated D.pretended 17.A.already B.even C.only D.still 18.A.understood B.admitted C.believed D.asked 19.A.indication B.gesture C.meaning D.importance 20.A.coaches B.sportsmen C.games D.teams Ⅲ.短文改错 In general, visitors don't have much difficulty know where to buy things in Britain. Most shops sell that you would expect them to. Many large supermarkets were self?service. When you enter in one of these shops you take a basket and put the things you wish to buy into them. If anyone tries to take things from a shop without paying he is almost certainly to be caught. Most shops have store detective who have the job of catching shoplifters. Shoplifting is considering a serious crime in Britain. When waiting to be served, it's important that you would wait for your turn. Many people from overseas are astonished at British habit of queuing. 单元检测卷答案 Ⅰ.阅读理解 A. 语篇导读 本文为说明文,介绍了美国五座著名的大桥。 1. 解析 D 细节理解题。根据第一段第一、二句可知,金门大桥的建筑时间约有四年,故选 D项。 2. 解析 B 细节理解题。由题干关键词was built the earliest定位到每座大桥的建筑时间;根据文中各座大桥的建筑时间可知,布鲁克林大桥是其中最古老的大桥,故选B项。 3. 解析 A 细节理解题。根据第四段尾句可知,使用麦基诺大桥的人会被收取一定数量的费用,故选A项。 B. 语篇导读 本文为说明文,主要介绍了微纤维的来源、微纤维对环境和食物供应的影响以及减少微纤维进入环境的措施。 4.解析 C 顺承关系。由文章标题Are Your Clothes Causing Pollution?可知,本文与衣服导致污染有关,并结合下文可知,造成污染的微纤维来自于有些用人工材料制成的衣服,故选C项。 5.解析 E 总分关系。根据文章结构可知,空处为该部分小标题。空后的段落主要讲的是微纤维对环境的影响,故选E项。 6.解析 F 并列关系。结合空前一句中的the waterways和in soil and agricultural lands可知,研究人员认为微纤维可能扩散到下水道、土壤和农田中,故选F项(它也能在大气中移动)。 7.解析 G 顺承关系。空前一句中的sea animals, like oysters与G项中的fish and seafood相呼应,故选G项。 8.解析 A 总分关系。空后一句中的A bag is being designed正是A项中的New technology,故选A项。 Ⅱ.完形填空 语篇导读 本文为记叙文。篮球队长约翰特尔因母亲去世而缺席比赛,当他重返赛场时却因为没有登记,需要给予对方球队罚球机会。出乎意料的是对方队长达利斯放弃了这个好机会。 1.解析 D 达利斯和约翰特尔是各自所在高中的篮球队队长。一个周六的晚上,他俩永远紧紧相连,铭刻在了现场每一位观众的记忆里(mind),故选D项。 2.解析 B 根据下文中sudden的提示可知,开赛的几个小时前,约翰特尔的母亲死于癌症,故选B项。 3.解析 C 根据Johntel's mother died from cancer可知,指其母亲的突然死亡,故选C项。 4.解析 A 句意:所以约翰特尔的教练打算取消(cancel)这场比赛,故选A项。 5.解析 D 根据下文中his teammates prepared to play—and hopefully win—without him可推断,约翰特尔坚持(insist)要按原计划比赛,故选D项。 6.解析 B 队长母亲的病逝当然让大家心情沉重(heavy),故选B项。 7.解析 C 根据上文可知,约翰特尔出现在体育馆里是大家没有想到的,当然就感到惊讶了(surprisingly)。fortunately幸运地;expectedly预期地;hopefully有希望地,故选C项。 8.解析 A 队友和球迷们纷纷包围着这位承受着丧亲之痛的年轻人,给他安慰和支持,故选A项。 9.解析 D 参见上题解析。 10.解析 B 此处是强调参加比赛,并不是挑战,故选B项。 11.解析 C 若他此时上场,就会造成该队技术犯规,对方球队会获得两次罚球的机会,故选C项。 12.解析 A 对方球队也理解此时的状况,故选A项。 13.解析 D 他们对裁判表示让约翰特尔上场,不用判对方球队犯规,故选D项。 14.解析 B 对方球队建议取消判对方犯规,但裁判不同意,故选B项。 15.解析 C 句意:但裁判争论说,必须严格执行比赛规则,得先罚球再继续进行比赛,故选C项。 16.解析 A 根据语境可知,达利斯接过球后投球。offer提供,愿意;refuse拒绝;hesitate犹豫;pretend假装,故选A项。 17.解析 C 句意:他的第二个罚球也只投出2英尺,故选C项。 18.解析 A 句意:约翰特尔和他的队友们立刻明白了达利斯的用意,故选A项。 19.解析 B 他们为达利斯所展现的运动精神鼓掌喝彩,indication象征,迹象;gesture姿态,手势;meaning意思;importance重要性,故选B项。 20.解析 D 根据语境可判断指两支球队,故选D项。 Ⅲ.短文改错 In general, visitors don't have much difficulty ① where to buy things in Britain. Most shops sell ② you would expect them to. Many large supermarkets ③ self?service. When you enter in ④ one of these shops you take a basket and put the things you wish to buy into ⑤. If anyone tries to take things from a shop without paying he is almost ⑥ to be caught. Most shops have store ⑦ who have the job of catching shoplifters. Shoplifting is ⑧ a serious crime in Britain. When waiting to be served, it's important that you / would ⑨ wait for your turn. Many people from overseas are astonished at ⑩ British habit of queuing. ① 解析 have difficulty/trouble (in) doing sth做某事有困难,为固定搭配。这个结构有几点应注意:此结构中的名词difficulty/trouble都为不可数名词,不能用复数形式;名词后的介词in可省略;只可用doing 形式。 ② 解析 引导词what在从句中有意义,并在从句中充当了逻辑宾语。 ③ 解析 用一般现在时,表示一个客观事实。 ④ 解析 enter是及物动词,其后直接跟宾语。介词in多余。 ⑤ 解析 此处的代词是指代上文的名词a basket,以避免重复,故用it。 ⑥ 解析 此处是形容词作表语,sb is certain/sure to do sth某人一定会做某事。 ⑦ 解析 由后面从句中谓语动词have可知此处应为复数形式。 ⑧ 解析 主语shoplifting与动词consider之间为逻辑上的动宾关系,故此处用过去分词形式表示被动。 ⑨ 解析 It is important/necessary…that…句型中,that后的从句要用虚拟语气:(should+)动词原形。 ⑩ 解析 此处habit是特指。Unit2 The Olympic Games知识巩固 Ⅰ.品句填词(用所给词的适当形式或根据语境写一个合适的词) 1.His business went bankrupt because of (compete) from the large corporations. 2.Designing is thinking, and if you care about design, every detail—the layout(布局), the colors, the makeup—deserves (think) about. 3.If there is something wrong with the machine, it should be reported at once to the engineer n charge. 4.The young man had to admit (drive) without a driving permit. 5.We tried to stop the flames from spreading, but we knew it was (hope). 6.Today, workers in factories (replace) by robots and software, which more broadly, are automating many jobs that people used to do. 7.You're an adult now and you need to take (responsible) for your action. 8.Eating properly and exercising (regular) make one enjoy a longer and healthier life. 9.Although Mom is getting older, our physical (similar), apart from my tallness, are undeniable. 10.When he was abroad on business, he picked some spoken English. Ⅱ.单句改错(含本单元的词汇和语法) 1.The host of the Olympic Games, which many countries compete,is a great honor to the host country. 2.The experienced driver cleans out all the grease(润滑油) and replaces it oil so it works better in very low temperatures. 3.It's said that the leaflet(小册子) is available free of the charge from every post office which is close to your residence. 4.Mr. McClaren also liked the fact that his nurse would send an e?mail message every a few months asking how he felt. 5.She has so sweet a voice as her mother's. 6.If you go to school early tomorrow, so do I. 7.It is those who are willing to give rather than receive that deserve respected. 8.The basketball coach, as well as his team, were interviewed shortly after the match for their outstanding performance. 9.To the workers' relief, the manager has made bargain over wage increases with the union. 10.“Cowboys stand a simpler way of life and freedom without restraint,” said one resident, a retired lawyer. Ⅲ.课文语法填空 The Olympic Games is the 1. (big) sports meeting in the world, 2. includes two kinds, the Summer and the Winter Olympics. Both of them3. (hold) every four years. All countries can take part4. their athletes have reached the agreed standards for the games. Women are not only allowed to join in but 5. (play) a very important role. A special village is built for the competitors to live in, a main reception building, several stadiums for competitions, a gymnasium as 6. as seats for those who watch the games. It's a great honor 7. (host) the Olympic Games. The olive wreath 8. (replace) by medals. But it's still about 9. (be) able to run faster, jump higher and throw 10. (far). 知识巩固答案 Ⅰ.品句填词(用所给词的适当形式或根据语境写一个合适的词) 1.His business went bankrupt because of competition (compete) from the large corporations. 2.Designing is thinking, and if you care about design, every detail—the layout(布局), the colors, the makeup—deserves thinking/to_be_thought (think) about. 3.If there is something wrong with the machine, it should be reported at once to the engineer in charge. 4.The young man had to admit driving/having_driven (drive) without a driving permit. 5.We tried to stop the flames from spreading, but we knew it was hopeless (hope). 6.Today, workers in factories are_being_replaced (replace) by robots and software, which more broadly, are automating many jobs that people used to do. 7.You're an adult now and you need to take responsibility (responsible) for your action. 8.Eating properly and exercising regularly (regular) make one enjoy a longer and healthier life. 9.Although Mom is getting older, our physical similarities (similar), apart from my tallness, are undeniable. 10.When he was abroad on business, he picked up some spoken English. Ⅱ.单句改错(含本单元的词汇和语法) 1.The host of the Olympic Games, which many countries compete /, is a great honor to the host country. 2.The experienced driver cleans out all the grease(润滑油) and replaces it oil so it works better in very low temperatures. 3.It's said that the leaflet(小册子) is available free of the charge from every post office which is close to your residence. 4.Mr McClaren also liked the fact that his nurse would send an e?mail message every a few months asking how he felt. 5.She has sweet a voice as her mother's. 6.If you go to school early tomorrow, so I. 7.It is those who are willing to give rather than receive that deserve . 8.The basketball coach, as well as his team, interviewed shortly after the match for their outstanding performance. 9.To the workers' relief, the manager has made bargain over wage increases with the union. 10.“Cowboys stand a simpler way of life and freedom without restraint,” said one resident, a retired lawyer. Ⅲ.课文语法填空 The Olympic Games is the 1.biggest (big) sports meeting in the world, 2.which includes two kinds, the Summer and the Winter Olympics. Both of them3.are_held (hold) every four years. All countries can take part4.if their athletes have reached the agreed standards for the games. Women are not only allowed to join in but 5.play (play) a very important role. A special village is built for the competitors to live in, a main reception building, several stadiums for competitions, a gymnasium as 6.well as seats for those who watch the games. It's a great honor 7.to_host (host) the Olympic Games. The olive wreath 8.has_been_replaced (replace) by medals. But it's still about 9.being (be) able to run faster, jump higher and throw 10.further (far).Unit 2 The Olympic Games 重点单词 1.ancient adj.古老的;古代的 2.homeland n.祖国;本国 3.nowadays adv.现今;现在 4.host vt.做东;主办;招待 n.主人 5.replace vt.取代;替换;代替 6.similarity n.相像性;相似点 7.charge vt.& vi.收费;控诉 n.费用;主管 8.fine vt.罚款 9.poster n.海报;招贴 10.glory n.光荣;荣誉 11.bargain vi.讨价还价;讲条件 n.便宜货 12.hopeless adj.没有希望的;绝望的 13.deserve vi.& vt.应受(报答或惩罚);值得 14.compete vi.比赛;竞争→competition n.竞争;比赛→competitor n.竞争者→competitive adj.竞争的;有竞争力的 15.magical adj.巫术的;魔术的;有魔力的→magic n.魔法;戏法 16.volunteer n.志愿者;志愿兵 vt.& vi.自愿→voluntary adj.志愿的;自愿的 17.regular adj.规则的;定期的;常规的→regularly adv.经常地;规则地→regulation n.规则;规章制度 18.basis n.基础;根据→bases (pl.) 19.admit vt.& vi.容许;承认;接纳→admission n.准入;准许;承认;入场费 20.responsibility n.责任;职责→responsible adj.负责的;有责任心的 21.physical adj.物理的;身体的→physics n.物理学 22.advertise vt.& vi.做广告;登广告→advertisement n.广告→advertiser n.广告商 23.foolish adj.愚蠢的;傻的→fool v.愚弄 n.傻瓜;愚人 24.pain n.疼痛;痛苦→painful adj.疼痛的;痛苦的→painless adj.无痛的;轻松的 重点短语 1.compete_in 参加(比赛、竞赛)        2.take_part_in 参加;参与 3.stand_for 代表;象征;表示 4.as_well 也;又;还 5.in_charge 主管;看管;负责 6.make_a_bargain_with_sb 与某人达成协议 7.one_after_another 陆续地;一个接一个地 8.apart_from 除了 9.as_a_matter_of_fact 事实上 10.take_the_place_of 代替 11.pick_up 拾起;捡起;用车接某人 12.play_a_role_in 在……起作用 重点句型 1.表示“每(隔)……”的用法 —How often do you hold your Games? —Every four years.(教材P10) 2.It is (was)+被强调部分+that (指人时可用who)+其余部分 It's in the Summer Olympics that you have the running races, together with swimming, sailing and all the team sports.(教材P10) 3.nor/neither+系动词/助动词/情态动词+主语 No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women!(教材P10) 语法要点 一般将来时被动语态的结构和用法 When and where will the next Olympic Games be held?(教材P9) New medals will be designed.(教材P10) 1compete vi.比赛;竞争 How many countries competed in the ancient Olympic Games?(教材P9) 有多少国家参加古代奥运会? (1)compete (2) ①Tom competed with/against five other athletes for the first prize in a race. 汤姆在赛跑中与另外五名运动员竞争第一名。 ②Up to four players can compete in a virtual world of role playing. 最多可以有4个玩家在一个虚拟世界中扮演角色互相拼杀。 ③In business negotiation, both parties have to cooperate with each other as well as being competitive (compete) against each other. 在商务谈判中,谈判双方既相互竞争又要相互合作。 2admit vt.& vi.容许;承认;接纳;容纳 Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will be admitted as competitors.(教材P10) 只有达到该比赛项目规定标准的运动员才被允许参加比赛。 (1) (2)admission n.准许进入;入场券,入场费;承认 ①She admitted taking/having_taken (take) my dictionary by mistake. 她承认误拿了我的词典。 ②More than half of women openly admit to regularly discussing (discuss) their private lives with their friends. 超过一半的女性坦承她们常与朋友谈论自己的私生活。 ③Study hard and you'll be admitted to/into Beijing University. 努力学习,你会被北京大学录取的。 ④There is talk of raising the admission (admit) requirements to restrict the number of students on campus. 有传闻称将通过提高录取条件来限制在校学生的数目。 【熟词生义】 写出加黑单词在语境中的含义。 ⑤The dining hall to be completed next month can admit 1,000 students. 容纳 3replace vt.取代;替换;代替;把……放回原处 So even the olive wreath has been replaced! (教材P10) 就连橄榄枝花环也被取代了! (1)replace…with/by用……替换…… (2) ①Please replace the books after reading. 看完书后请将书放回原处。 ②It is not a good idea to miss meals and replace them by/with snacks. 不吃正餐,改吃点心,这不是什么好主意。 ③John is ill and I want to know who is going to replace him/take the place of him/take his place. 约翰病了,我想知道谁将代替他。 4bargain vi.讨价还价;讲条件 n.便宜货;特价商品;交易;协定 Her father said that she must marry, so Atlanta made a bargain with him.(教材P14) 她父亲说她必须结婚,于是,亚特兰大就和她的父亲达成了一个协议。 (1)bargain with sb about/over/for sth和某人就某事讨价还价 (2) ①Dealers bargain with growers over the price of coffee. 商人与种植者就咖啡的价格进行商洽。 ②He and his partner had made a bargain to tell each other everything. 他和他的合伙人约定,要互通信息,毫无保留。 ③The car was a good bargain at that price. 那辆汽车的价格真划算。 5deserve vi.& vt.应受(报答或惩罚);值得;应得 Do you think Hippomenes deserved to win the race?(教材P15) 你认为希波墨涅斯应该赢得这场比赛吗? (1)deserve (2)deserve consideration/attention值得考虑/注意 (3)deserving adj.该受的;值得……的;值得帮助的 ①It's true that she made a mistake but she hardly deserves to_lose (lose) her job. 她的确犯了错 ,但她不应该被解雇。 ②The official deserves to_be_punished/punishing/punishment (punish) for what he did. 这名官员为他的所作所为该受到惩罚。 ③A six?year?old child with such an amazing achievement! It is indeed something rare and deserving (deserve) praise. 一个6岁的孩子有这样惊人的造诣,真是难能可贵,值得称赞! ④These proposals deserve serious consideration. 这些建议值得认真考虑。 【提示】 当物作主语时,deserve后接v.?ing,主动式表示被动意义,相当于接动词不定式的被动语态。有相同用法的动词还有:need, want, require等。如: ⑤My bike needs repairing/to be repaired. 我的自行车需要修理了。 1take part in 参加;参与 Who could not take part in the ancient Olympic Games?(教材P9) 谁不能参加古代奥运会? ①I started to plan my college life and my career life and I took an active part in all kinds of social activities and tried hard to improve my ability. 我开始规划自己的大学生活、职业生涯,积极地参加各种社团活动,锻炼自己各方面的能力。 【比较网站】 join (become a member of)指加入某个组织并成为其中一员。 join (sb) in 指参与某项活动,口语中常与take part in通用。 take part in 指参加群众性活动、会议等并在其中起积极作用。 attend 是正式用语,指参加会议、婚礼、典礼;听报告、讲座等。相当于go to。 ②My brother attended a law school after he left middle school. Yesterday he attended/took part in the meeting held in his class. He joined in the discussion whether they would join a theater club. At last, most students signed up for it, including my brother. 我哥哥中学毕业后上了一所法律学校。昨天他参加了班里举行的一次会议。他参与了是否要加入戏剧俱乐部的讨论。最终,大多数学生报名参加了,包括我哥哥。 2as well 也;又;还(常放在句子末尾,作为副词短语使用) For each Olympics, a special village is built for them to live in, a main reception building, several stadiums for competitions, and a gymnasium as well.(教材P10) 每届奥运会都要建一个特殊的村庄(奥运村)供参赛的人住,一个主接待楼,几个比赛用的体育场及一个体育馆。 (1)as well也,置于肯定句句末。 (2)as well as意为“既……又……;也,又”,可连接两个并列成分,强调其前面的内容,因此连接并列主语时,谓语应与前面的主语保持人称和数的一致。 (3)as well as也可以是well的同级比较结构,表示“和……一样好”。 (4)may/might as well do sth=had better do sth 倒不如做某事;不妨做某事 ①Of course, I'll do some reading for fun, and for knowledge as well. 当然,我会读些书,为了消遣,也为了获取知识。 ②The teacher as well as his students is (be) going to plant trees tomorrow. 这位老师和他的学生准备明天去植树。(连接并列主语) ③I wish I could speak English as well as he can. 我希望自己英语讲得跟他一样好。(同级比较) ④Since you will know it sooner or later, I might as well tell (tell) you now. 既然你迟早都会知道这件事,我倒不如现在就告诉你。 3in charge 主管;看管 (1) (2)take charge of负责 (3)charge ①I'd like to speak to the person in charge. 我想跟负责人谈谈。 ②The company is when the boss is away. 当老板不在时由汤姆负责公司业务。 ③The president of a school should be in charge of the school's teaching and administration. 学校的教学及行政管理须由校长负责。 ④How much hand luggage may I carry free of charge? 我可以免费携带多少手提行李? ⑤The company charged him with using the company's money for his own purposes. 公司指控他公款私用。 1表示“每(隔)……”的用法 —How often do you hold your Games? ——你们通常多久举办一次比赛? —Every four years.(教材P10) ——每4年/每隔3年。 【句式点拨】 every可以表示“每……的,每隔……的”,其用法是:every+基数词+复数名词或every+序数词+单数名词。但应注意,“每……的”包括原来的基数;而“每隔……的”则不含原来的基数,如: ①every four days 每4天/每隔3天 ②every few years 每隔几年 ③every other/second year 每隔一年 【提示】 every few months的few前不可加a,因every与a同义。 ④We have English lessons every other day. 我们每隔一天上一次英语课。 2nor/neither+系动词/助动词/情态动词+主语 No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women!(教材P10) 别的国家不能参加,奴隶和妇女也不能参加! 【句式点拨】 “nor/neither+系动词/助动词/情态动词+主语”构成倒装句型,用于否定陈述句之后,意为“……也不这样”,相当于either用于否定句。 (1)“so+系动词/助动词/情态动词+主语”意为“也是如此”,表示上句所谈到的情况也适用于另一主语,so用来代替上句的内容。 (2)如果下文表达的是对上文的赞成或肯定,则仅需把so放句首,其后用正常语序,意为“……的确如此”。 (3)如果前面句子的谓语有肯定又有否定,或者形式不同,则需要用So it is/was with…或It is/was the same with…。 ①He has finished his homework, and so have I. 他完成了作业,我也完成了。 ②—He came to school late yesterday. —So he did. ——他昨天上学迟到了。 ——他确实迟到了。 ③Mary was born in Australia and she lived in the United States. So it was with Jane./It was the same with Jane.玛丽在澳大利亚出生,在美国居住。简也是。

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