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19套高考英语完型填空+阅读理解+单选题+详解 (11)
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19套高考英语完型填空+阅读理解+单选题+详解 (11)

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 完形填空

(二)

My husband Jeff and I moved into our new home in Scottsbluff last year just before Christmas. I did not have the  1   or energy to carry out my traditional Christmas decorating and baking activities. What was the point, anyway? It was going to be a  2  Christmas after all.

__3__, the neighborly nature of west Nebraska residents started to trickle (陆续来临) in.

There was a  4   on the door one evening. It was Jeffs new colleague, John Smith, and his wife, Phyllis. The Smiths had stopped by to  5  us to town with a loaf of homemade bread. They pointed out a  6  on the porch (门廊). Apparently the doorbell wasnt working in the cold snowy weather and we had  7   a visit from the Browns, our across-the-street neighbors, who brought us a Christmas card and more Christmas cookies.

The  8   feelings brought by these thoughtful gestures lasted longer than the food.

As Jeff and I were clearing pre-Christmas  9   from our driveway, Ernie Guzman came over from next door to  10  us to dig out.

Then, we received an invitation to  11  a Christmas Eve meal with our neighbors, Ernie and Nancy Sommer, and their  12   a 90-year-old lady, who also had no family in the immediate area with whom to spend the holiday.

Our Christmas Eve was quite merry, thanks to our  13 . Our Christmas morning  14  was special, thanks to the Smiths gift of bread. I was so  15  for these gestures of welcome, especially during the holidays.

This year, we were again unable to be with our families for Christmas. The  16  and work schedules just made things too difficult.  17  that sense of Christmas isolation (孤立) all too well, we decided to try to round up some other folks who were  18  in the holidays.

Lonely people are all around us, but most of us  19  notice them. Just take a look around you. Sometimes, the smallest  20  gesture can make a world of difference.

1. A. chance             B. time              C. anxiety          D. ability

2. A. merry              B. free              C. lonely           D. usual

3. A. Therefore           B. Meanwhile        C. Somehow        D. However

4. A. card               B. sign              C. knock           D. note

5. A. welcome           B. invite             C. drive            D. send

6. A. tree               B. package           C. mail             D. flower

7. A. forgot             B. arranged           C. received         D. missed

8. A. deep              B. true               C. warm           D. mixed

9. A. snow              B. rubbish            C. dust            D. leaves

10. A. teach             B. help               C. urge           D. forbid

11. A. share             B. prepare            C. taste            D. exchange

12. A. aunt              B. guest              C. maid           D. partner

13. A. folks             B. relatives            C. colleagues      D. neighbors

14. A. call              B. greeting            C. breakfast        D. meeting

15. A. sorry             B. eager             C. ready            D. grateful

16. A. distance          B. expense           C. season           D. situation

17. A. Studying          B. Showing          C. Knowing         D. Discovering

18. A. alone            B. busy              C. happy            D. active

19. A. always           B. seldom             C. finally           D. usually

20. A. careful           B. patient             C. vague           D. kind

【解题导语】作者和她的丈夫在圣诞节前搬家到了内布拉斯加州斯科茨布拉夫(Scottsbluff),远离自己的亲戚,本以为会孤单地度过那个圣诞节,可是友好的当地人送来了浓浓的温情,作者过了个非常温馨的圣诞节,……

1.【解析】选B。 作者和丈夫刚刚搬家到Scottsbluff,有许多的事情要打理,故应是没有时间和精力 来准备圣诞节。

【解题误区】本题易误选Achance机会,与语境相符。

2.【解析】选C。根据文章倒数第四段中who also had no family in the immediate area with whom to spend the holiday.以及文章最后一段第一句话可知,选项C正确。

【解题误区】本题易误选Dusual通常的,惯常的,根据下文的讲述可知,那次圣诞节与以往不一样,故选项D不正确。

3.【解析】选D。此处与上文构成转折关系,与本来预料的情况相反。However但是,与语境相符。

【解题误区】选项A的意思是因此;选项B的意思是在此期间;选项C的意思是不知怎么地,均与语境不符。

4.【解析】选C。根据下文Apparently the doorbell wasnt working in the cold snowy weather可知应是敲门

【解题误区】选项A的意思是卡片;选项B的意思是招牌,符号;选项D的意思是便条,均与语境不符。

5.【解析】选A。作者是刚刚搬到Scottsbluff,故史密斯夫妇应是带着自家做的一条面包来表示欢迎。

【解题误区】本题易误选B。学生可能只注意到结构invite sb. to…”invite邀请,与语境不符

6.【解析】选B。他们指着门廊的一个包裹(包裹),与下文包裹中的东西(a Christmas card and more Christmas cookies)相呼应。

【解题误区】本题易误选Cmail是邮件的意思,根据下文可以排除。

7.【解析】选D。根据上文可知,作者是错过(miss)了布朗夫妇的一次拜访。

【解题误区】本题易误选A。选项A的意思是忘记,从文章中看不出作者和布朗夫妇在之前有约定,故也不可能有忘记之说。

8.【解析】选C。由这些体贴入微的表示所带来的温暖的(warm)感觉比起食物来持续得更久。

【解题误区】本题易误选A。作者讲述的这件事的基调是温情,故deep深厚的不恰当。

9.【解析】选A。作者夫妇正在清除 (住宅前的)车道上圣诞节前的积雪(snow)

【解题误区】本题易误选B。选项B的意思是垃圾(住宅前的)车道上有垃圾不合常理。

10.【解析】选B。隔壁的Ernie Guzman过来帮忙(help)铲雪。

【解题误区】选项A的意思是;选项C的意思是催促;选项D的意思是禁止,均与语境不符。

11.【解析】选Ashare sth. with sb.与某人分享某物。

【解题误区】本题易误选C。文章此处表达的意思是Ernie and Nancy Sommer邀请作者夫妇共进圣诞晚餐taste是品尝的意思,故选项C不正确。

12.【解析】选BErnie and Nancy Sommer还邀请了另一位客人(guest)

【解题误区】选项A的意思是姨;姑;选项C的意思是女仆;选项D的意思是搭档,均与文意不符。

13.【解析】选D。根据文章倒数第四段可知,作者夫妇应是与他们的邻居(neighbors)Ernie and Nancy Sommer以及另一位女士共进圣诞晚餐

【解题误区】选项A的意思是亲属;人们;选项B的意思是亲戚;选项C的意思是同事,均与语境不符。

14.【解析】选C。根据下文thanks to the Smiths gift of bread可知,此处表达的意思应是:圣诞早餐(breakfast)很特别。

【解题误区】本题易误选AB。选项A的意思是拜访;选项B的意思是问候,均与下文语义联系不紧密。

15.【解析】选D。作者对于人们的欢迎的表示心怀感激(grateful)

【解题误区】选项A的意思是抱歉的;选项B的意思是渴望的;选项C的意思是准备好的,均与语境不符。

16.【解析】选A。今年因为距离(distance)和工作日程使得作者夫妇又不能和家人一起过圣诞节。文章倒数第四段中who also had no family in the immediate area with whom to spend the holiday.对于选择A项是一个提示。

【解题误区】选项B的意思是费用;选项C的意思是季节;选项D的意思是情况,在文中难以看出与之有关的暗示。

17.【解析】选C……因为非常了解(know)圣诞孤立,

【解题误区】本题易误选D。选项D的意思是发现,与语境不符。

18.【解析】选A。因为非常了解(know)圣诞孤立,所以我们决定把其他的在假日中独自一人的(alone)人们聚在一起。

【解题误区】本题易误选B。文章讲述的是在作者现在生活的这个地方孤独的人是如何在圣诞节日期间得到温情的,而选项B的意思是繁忙的,与语境不符。

19. 【解析】选B。孤独的人在我们周围,但我们很少(seldom)注意到他们。句中的连接词but是解题的关键。

【解题误区】选项A的意思是总是;选项C的意思是最后;选项D的意思是通常,均与语境不符。 

20.【解析】选D。有时一个小的善意的(kind)表示能够带来很大的不同。

【解题误区】选项A的意思是小心的;选项B的意思是耐心的;选项C的意思是模糊的,均与语境不符。

***************************************************************结束

 

 

完形填空

 

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从21-40各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。

One day I hopped in a taxi and we__21__for the airport. We were driving in the right lane when __22__ a black car drove out of a parking space right in front of us. My taxi driver slammed on his brakes, skidded, and __23__ the other car by __24__ inches! The driver of the other car whipped his head around and started yelling at us.

My taxi driver just smiled and __25__ at the guy. And I meanhe was really__26__. So I asked, Why did you just do that? This guy almost __27__ your car and sent us to the __28__! This is when my taxi driver taught me __29__ I now call, The Law of the Garbage Truck.

He __30__ that many people are like garbage__31__. They run around full of garbage, full of frustration, full of anger, and full of __32__. As their garbage piles __33__, they need a place to __34__ it and sometimes they'll dump it on you. Don't take it personally. Just smile, wave, wish them well, and move on. Don't take their garbage and __35__ it to other people at work, at home, or on the streets.

The bottom line is that __36__ people do not let garbage trucks take over their day. Life's __37__ short to wake up in the morning with __38__. So....Love the people who treat you right. __39__ for the ones who don't. Life is ten percent what you make it and ninety percent __40__ you take it! 文章选自《海外英语》20113月的 The Law of the Garbage Truck

21. A. took on

B. took up

C. took off

D. took down

【原创】

22. A. immediately

B. suddenly

C. finally

D. quickly

【原创】

23. A. missed

B. lost

C. caught 

D. crashed

【原创】

24. A. nearly

B. even

C. just

D. still

【原创】

25. A. glanced    

B. shouted

C. nodded

D. waved

【原创】

26. A. impatient

B. friendly

C. excited

D. painful

【原创】

27. A. took

B. dropped

C. moved

D. ruined

【原创】

28. A. church

B. prison

C. police station

D. hospital

【原创】

29. A. what

B. that

C. which

D. how

【原创】

30. A. explained

B. argued

C. stated

D. described

【原创】

31. A. cans

B. trucks

C. bins

D. collections

【原创】

32. A. curiosity

B. expectation

C. disappointment

D. confidence

【原创】

33. A. away

B. off

C. on

D. up

【原创】

34. A. drop

B. dump

C. throw

D. burn

【原创】

35. A. spare

B. suffer

C. spread

D. share

【原创】

36. A. wealthy

B. thankful

C. successful

D. faithful

【原创】

37. A. very

B. so

C. too

D. far

【原创】

38. A. delight

B. regrets

C. satisfaction

D. generosity

【原创】

39. A. Search

B. Account

C. Pray

D. Charge

【原创】

40. A. where

B. that

C. why

D. how

【原创】

 

 

参考答案

21-25 CBACD  26-30 BDDAA  

31-35BCDBC  36-40 CCBCD

***************************************************************结束

阅读理解

Starting the day on an egg could keep your blood pressure(血压) under control, research suggestsScientists have shown that eggs produce proteins with a function similar to that of powerful blood pressure-lowering drugs

The research, from the University of Alberta in Canada, showed that when eggs come in contact with stomach enzymes() they produce a protein that acts in the same way as Ace inhibitors, but more work is needed to show the effects outside a lab and in the human body

Earlier this month, British researchers declared that, contrary to popular beliefs, it is healthy to go to work on an eggThey concluded that the type of cholesterol (胆固醇) found in eggs has little effect on increasing heart disease risks

Researcher Professor Bruce Griffin, from the University of Surrey, said: The wrong beliefs linking egg eating to high blood cholesterol and heart disease must be corrected The amount of fat in our diet has an effect on blood cholesterol that is several times greater than the relatively small amounts of cholesterol found in eggsThe UK public do not need to be limiting the number of eggs they eatThey can be encouraged to include them in a healthy diet as they are one of natures most nutritious foods

The British Heart Foundation dropped its three-egg-a-week limit in 2005However, almost half of Britons believe the limit still applies

53From the text we know that Ace inhibitors are        

Aa kind of medicine    Ba kind of protein  

Ca kind of illness   Da kind of food

54According to what Professor Bruce said, eggs       

Aare the most nutritious food

Bhave no effect on blood cholesterol

Ccan be included in a healthy diet  

Dare forbidden to be eaten in the UK

55We can infer from the text that          

Adrugs to lower blood pressure will be replaced by eating eggs

Bstomach enzymes mixed with eggs can cure heart diseases

Cmost Britons agree the three-egg-a-week limit should be dropped

Dabout 50% of Britons think eating an egg a day is bad for their health

56The text is meant        

Ato introduce scientific findings about eggs

Bto introduce a medicine made from eggs

Cto tell people how to lower their blood pressure

Dto advise people to eat as many eggs as possible

 

6、参考答案----------ACDA

 

***************************************************************结束

 

 

 

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