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2021年中考英语二轮复习 完形填空5篇(六)(含答案)

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2021年中考英语二轮复习

完形填空5()

1.完形填空:

母亲那双粗糙的手

Night after night, she came to help me sleep, even long years after my childhood.

I don't remember (1)______ it first started making me a little angrymy mom's hands pushing my hair that way. But it really made me uncomfortable, for they (2)______ rough(粗糙的) against my young skin. (3)______, one night, I shouted at her, Don't do that any more. Your hands are too rough! She didn't say anything, (4)______ she never did it again.

Years later, I missed my mother's (5)______ and her good­night kisses on my face. I'm not a little girl any more. My mom is (6)______ her mid­seventies, and her rough hands are still doing things for my family and me.

Now my own children have (7)______. It was late on Thanksgiving Eve. As I slept in my bedroom, a familiar hand ran across my (8)______ to push the hair from my head. Then a kiss, ever so softly, touched my brow(额头).

Taking my mom's hand, I told her how (9)______ I was for that night I had shouted at her. But my mom didn't know what I was (10)______ about. She had forgotten it long ago.

That night, I fell asleep with a new appreciation(感激)for my mother's caring hands. And the guilt(内疚)that I had carried around for so long was nowhere to be found.

(1)A. when                              B. where                     C. why                                            D. how

(2)A. looked                  B. felt                   C. seemed                              D. noticed

(3)A. Luckily                  B. Finally      C. Generally                              D. Firstly

(4)A. so                                B. or                                C. but                                            D. while

(5)A. hands                  B. words                  C. smiles                              D. jobs

(6)A. on                                B. in                                C. at                                            D. for

(7)A. stayed up                B. woken up   C. grown up                              D. put up

(8)A. nose                              B. face                   C. mouth                              D. leg

(9)A. sorry                              B. tired                  C. relaxed                              D. bored

(10)A. sleeping     B. working    C. talking        D. washing

 

2.完形填空:

与律师爸爸付费谈话

Mr. Brown had lived in a poor village before he became a famous lawyer. He remembered his (1)______ life during studying in the college. And his parents (2)______much money for him. So he worked hard and tried his best to get more (3)______.

Now he lives in a beautiful house with his family. He thinks his son Richard is (4)______ and sends him to the best school in the city. He hopes Richard can live a happy life and buy (5)______ the boy wants. He wishes his son could become a great scientist.

But he doesn't know Richard hates studying and spends much (6)______ in playing. He's interested in fishing and sometimes he cuts classes. So he fails in the (7)______. Miss Young, his head teacher, tells him not to do that, but he doesn't (8)______ her. She became angry (9)______ the boy was late again one afternoon.

I'll visit your father tomorrow evening, Richard, said Miss Young. I will ask him a (10)______ way to educate you.

You'd better not talk with him, Madam. said the boy, Or you'll pay a fee(付费) for his service.

(1)A. hard                              B. easy                              C. happy                               D. relaxing

(2)A. rent                                  B. lent                              C. borrowed                 D. sent

(3)A. space                              B. food                              C. money                               D. book

(4)A. naughty                    B. clever                    C. silly                               D. quiet

(5)A. something     B. nothing      C. everything                 D. anything

(6)A. time                              B. attention                C. spirit                               D. way

(7)A. study                              B. work                              C. exams                               D. task

(8)A. look at                    B. hear about               C. listen to                 D. laugh at

(9)A. before                    B. after                              C. so                                             D. and

(10)A. smart                    B. beautiful                C. good                               D. bad

 

3.阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的ABC或者D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

Two friends (1)  a bear when they went through a forest (2) . One of them ran to (3) tree and climbed up very quickly. He forgot his friend. He thought only of (4) . His friend (5)   bears (6) dead men. (7)  he (8)   when the bear came to him. Then the bear went away . The man called his friend in the tree, “you can (9)  now.” The man smiled and asked, “What did the bear say to you?” His friend answered, “ He said I needed a new   (10)  .”

(1)A. looked for   B. met         C. looked at     D. watched

(2)A. by bus       B. by bike     C. on foot     D. by car

(3)A. the nearest   B. the good     C. a taller      D. a biggest

(4)A. himself    B. his mother   C. the bear    D. his girl friend

(5)A. knew        B. thought     C. saw         D. watched

(6)A. wasn't like  B. needn't fine  C. didn't eat  D. couldn't touch

(7)A. And        B. So        C. But         D. Because

(8)A.moved         B. ran         C. opened his eyes    D. didn't move

(9)A. climb up      B. get up       C. stay there    D. come down

(10)A.teacher      B. dress      C. house        D. friend

 

 

4.阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的ABC或者D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

The earliest maps were probably drawn in the Middle East. Some of these maps have  __(1)__ and they show us the people at that time thought the earth flat(平的). As time went by, the pictures became more detailed and maps were more  __(2)__ made. Later on, ancient Greeks(希腊人)used their  __(3)__ of math and science to make maps. Greek maps tell us the Greeks knew the world was  __(4)__.

From simple pictures, mapmaking has turned into a science. Maps are made  __(5)__  surveying(勘测)land. In the (1)(9)00s, people around the world started to share information to make  __(6)__ maps. With the help of the photographs taken from the sky and space, maps are now more exactly made than ever. __(7)__ the world is always changing, we will always need new maps.

There are many types of maps, but almost all use  __(8)__  and pictures to describe what a place is like when the map is made. A map usually tells what the pictures  __(9)__ . Some maps may show the whole world. A road map will help you know the  __(10)__  from one place to another. Other maps may use pictures to show the temperature and population in different places.

(1). A. disappeared     B. survived        C. gone           D. left

(2). A. slowly          B. simply          C. correctly      D. carelessly

(3). A. knowledge       B. courage         C. energy         D. challenge

(4). A. long            B. small           C. square         D. round

(5). A. into            B. by              C. of             D. from

(6). A. cleaner         B. lighter         C. better         D. older

(7). A. Though          B. So              C. Unless         D. Since

(8). A. sounds          B. models          C. words          D. stories

(9). A. stand for       B. go for          C. ask for        D. wait for

(10). A. weather        B. distance        C. feature        D. culture

 

 

5.完形填空:

地球的姐妹星球——金星

Venus (金星) has long been one of the most misunderstood planets. Like the Earth, Venus has its (1)______ atmosphere(大气层). However, the atmosphere is much thicker than that of the Earth, which makes it difficult (2)______ modern scientists to study. There is (3)______ we still do not know about what this planet is like. However, with special machines, scientists have (4)______ many of the long­hidden secrets in recent years.

Venus is like the Earth's sister planet. It is (5)______ the same in size and chemical formation(构成) as the Earth. In other words, the materials, even the amounts, on Venus and the Earth are (6)______.

Venus lies much (7)______ to the Sun than our planet. It has made Venus terribly hot. As the planet warms up, water easily evaporates(蒸发) and (8)______ a cycle of global warming.

If you happen to find a way to survive the extreme heat on the surface of Venus, you will quickly notice something strange about the (9)______. Venus rotates(旋转) very slowly, so that a day on Venus actually lasts longer than a year. Instead of the Sun rising in the east and (10)______ in the west, the Sun would appear to be opposite when you are on Venus. That's interesting!

(1)A. good                              B. bad                              C. real                              D. own

(2)A. with                              B. for                              C. of                                  D. in

(3)A. much                              B. some                              C. each                              D. all

(4)A. lost                              B. disappeared     C. kept                D. unlocked

(5)A. hardly                    B. always                    C. almost                     D. usually

(6)A. different                B. equal                              C. similar                D. proper

(7)A. farther                    B. closer                    C. higher                    D. lower

(8)A. begins                              B. finishes     C. introduces                   D. refuses

(9)A. weeks                    B. months                    C. days                                  D. nights

(10)A. appearing     B. forming     C. spending                    D. setting

 


答案解析

1.【参考答案】

【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。主要讲述母亲的双手给作者带来无私的母爱的故事。那双手已经不再柔软,甚至有些粗糙,但那双手依然给作者带来母爱的温暖。

(1)A【解析】考查宾语从句引导词。句意为:我记不得________它开始使我有点儿生气了……when 何时,指时间;where在哪儿,指地点;why为什么,指原因;how怎么样,指方式。结合语境可知此处指记不起是什么时候开始使我生气了。故选A。

(2)B【解析】考查动词词义辨析。句意为:但那确实使我不舒服,因为它们________粗糙,使我皮肤感到不适。looked看起来;felt 摸起来,感觉;seemed好像,似乎;noticed注意到。结合语境可知此处指母亲双手摸起来粗糙,故选B。

(3)B【解析】考查副词词义辨析。句意为:________,一天晚上,我对她喊道:再也不要那样做了。你的手太粗糙了!Luckily幸运的是;Finally最终;Generally一般来说;Firstly首先。结合语境可知此处指最终对母亲喊道。故选B。

(4)C【解析】考查连词词义辨析。句意为:她什么也没有说,________她再也没有那样做了。so因此,表示结果;or或者,否则,表示选择或条件;but但是,表示转折;while当……时候。结合语境可知此处指虽然妈妈什么也没有说,但是她再也没那样做了。故选C。

(5)A【解析】考查名词词义辨析。句意为:多年过后,我怀念我妈妈的________和她在我脸上晚安的亲吻。hands手;words话;smiles微笑;jobs工作。和上一段相联系,可以推测此处指女儿长大后怀念记忆最深的母亲的双手。故选A。

(6)B【解析】考查介词的固定搭配。句意为:我的母亲七十岁中旬了……在某人几十多岁:in one's +整十的复数形式,是固定结构。故选B。

(7)C【解析】考查动词短语辨析。句意为:现在我自己的孩子已经________。stayed up熬夜;woken up醒来;grown up长大;put up举起,张贴。结合语境可知此处指自己的孩子都长大了,故选C。

(8)B【解析】考查名词词义辨析。句意为:那是感恩节前的深夜,当我在卧室睡觉,一只熟悉的手从我的________拂过,拂去我脸上的头发。nose鼻子;face脸;mouth嘴;leg腿。结合语境可知此处指母亲用手拂去我脸上的头发,然后亲吻我。故选B。

(9)A【解析】考查形容词词义辨析。句意为:握着妈妈的手,我告诉她那天晚上我对她大声吼叫,我是多么________。sorry抱歉的;tired疲倦;relaxed轻松;bored无聊的。结合语境可知此处指为曾经对母亲的粗鲁行为感到难过,故选A。

(10)C【解析】考查动词词义辨析。句意为:但是我妈妈不知道我在________。她早就已经忘记了。sleeping睡觉;working工作;talking谈话;washing洗。结合语境可知此处指母亲不知道我在说什么。故选C。

 

2.【参考答案】

【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。主要讲述了一个调皮的孩子告诉老师不要找他做律师的父亲谈话,否则就要付费的幽默故事。

(1)A【解析】考查形容词词义辨析。句意为:他想起了他上大学期间那些________日子。hard困难的;easy简单的;happy快乐的;relaxing令人轻松的。根据上文可知Mr.Brown生活在一个贫困山村,以及下文中的父母借钱他努力挣钱可知他的大学生活是艰难的,故选A。

(2)C【解析】考查动词词义辨析。句意为:他的父母为他________很多钱。rent租;lent借出;borrowed借入;sent送。根据文章第一句Mr.Brown had lived in a poor village before he became a famous lawyer.可知他的家境并不好,因此是借钱,故选C。

(3)C【解析】考查名词词义辨析。句意为:所以他努力学习,尽自己最大的努力去得到更多的________。space空间;food食物;money钱;book书。根据语境可知他家境贫穷,结合worked hard可知此处应表示他尽自己最大的努力去赚更多的钱。故选C。

(4)B【解析】考查形容词词义辨析。句意为:他认为他的儿子理查德很________并送他去了这座城里最好的学校。naughty淘气的;clever聪明的;silly愚蠢的;quiet安静的。根据后半句句意把他送到了城里最好的学校,可知此处表示他认为自己的儿子很聪明。故选B。

(5)C【解析】考查不定代词词义辨析。句意为:他希望理查德过得幸福,而且给他买想要的________。something一些事情;nothing没有什么;everything一切事物,用于肯定句中;anything任何一切,用于否定句或疑问句中。根据语境可知此处指给他买想要的一切,且该句为肯定句。故选C。

(6)A【解析】考查名词词义辨析。句意为:但是他不知道理查德讨厌学习,并且花很多________去玩。time时间;attention注意力;spirit精神;way方式。根据语境可知理查德花费了很多时间去玩,故选A。

(7)C【解析】考查名词词义辨析。句意为:所以他在________失败了。study学习;work工作;exams考试;task任务。根据上句句意可知他不好好学习,应该是在考试中失败,故选C。

(8)C【解析】考查动词短语辨析。句意为:他的班主任Young老师告诉他不要这样,但是他不________她。look at看;hear about听说;listen to听;laugh at嘲笑。根据语境可知应该是理查德不听班主任的话。故选C。

(9)B【解析】考查连词的用法。句意为:她很生气,________这个男孩在一天下午又迟到了。before在……之前;after 在……之后;so因此;and并且。根据语境可知迟到在前,生气在后,故选B。

(10)C【解析】考查形容词词义辨析。句意为:……我将请教另一种________方式去教育你。smart聪明的;beautiful漂亮的;good好的;bad坏的。根据句意可知此处表示我要咨询一种好的方式来教育你。可知应该选C。

 

3.参考答案

(1)- (10) B C A A A C B D D D

 

 

4.【参考答案】

(1)-(10)BCADB  CDCAB

 

 

5.【参考答案】

【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。主要介绍了地球的姐妹——金星。金星离太阳更近,因此它的表面温度更高,并且它公转的速度比地球慢。更有趣的是在金星上观察,太阳从西方升起,东方落下。

(1)D【解析】考查形容词词义辨析。good好的;bad坏的;real真实的;own自己的。根据前面的its,可猜测金星有它自己的大气层。故选D。

(2)B【解析】考查介词词义辨析。with和……一起;for对……来说;of……的;in在……里。根据空后的名词modern scientists可知此处指对于科学家来说,研究金星很困难。故选B。

(3)A【解析】考查不定代词词义辨析。much很多,大量;some一些;each每一个;all所有全部。根据前句的内容可推知此处指关于金星是什么样子的,我们仍然有很多不知道的。故选A。

(4)D【解析】考查动词词义辨析。lost丢失;disappeared消失;kept保持;unlocked开启。根据前面的However, with special machines...可推知最近几年科学家已经开启了很多久封的秘密。故选D。

(5)C【解析】考查副词词义辨析。hardly几乎不;always 总是;almost几乎;usually通常。根据前句可知金星应该和地球几乎一样。故选C。

(6)C【解析】考查形容词词义辨析。different不同的;equal平等的;similar相似的;proper正确的。根据前面的内容可知金星和地球是相似的。故选C。

(7)B【解析】考查形容词词义辨析。farther更远;closer更近的;higher更高的;lower更低的。根据后句It has made Venus terribly hot.可知金星离太阳更近。故选B。

(8)A【解析】考查动词词义辨析。begin开始;finishes结束;introduces介绍;refuses拒绝。根据water easily evaporated(蒸发)可知此处指金星上就会开始形成一个热循环。故选A。

(9)C【解析】考查名词词义辨析。weeks星期;months月;days天;nights晚上。根据后句...so that a day on Venus actually lasts longer...可知上句应该注意到天很奇怪。故选C。

(10)D【解析】考查动词词义辨析。appearing出现;forming形成;spending度过;setting落下。根据常识可知在地球上观察,太阳从东方升起,西方落下。故选D。

 

 

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