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2020江苏高考英语二轮讲义:专题一第一讲 名词和冠词
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2020江苏高考英语二轮讲义:专题一第一讲 名词和冠词

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语法基础是高考江苏卷的重要考查内容主要通过单项填空题来考查。单项填空是高考江苏卷的重要题型重点考查基础语法运用、词汇辨析、交际用语及习语。本书进行系统化复习词汇与语法并重;加强训练提高理解应用能力;讲练环环相扣帮助考生高效备考轻松增分!

第一讲 名词和冠词[学生用书P2]

    单项填空对名词的考查主要包括名词的辨析、单复数、名词的固定搭配、名词的格、名词在特殊语境中的应用、名词的熟词生义等。冠词在近几年高考中未考查但对冠词的基本用法也应掌握。

[学生用书P2]

 名词词义辨析

() 示之以范 ____________________________________原则这样运用

1(2019·江苏卷)Nowadays the ________ for travelling is shifted from shopping to food and scenery.

Apriority       Bpotential

Cproportion  Dpension

A 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:现在旅游的优先事项从购物转移到了食物和风景 priority优先事项首要事情potential可能性proportion比例pension养老金

2(2018·江苏卷)Try to understand what’s actually happening instead of acting on the ________ youve made.

Aassignment  Bassociation

Cacquisition  Dassumption

D 解析:考查名词辨析。根据句中的actually可知选择assumption表示要努力弄懂事实上正在发生的事情而不是把你的行为建立在假设之上assignment任务作业association协会团体联系联想acquisition获得习得

 通关点击 ____________________________________________原则这样解读

名词词义辨析主要考查考生对基本词汇的掌握程度和名词在具体语境中的运用。常见考查形式有:异义词辨析、同义词辨析和近义词辨析。在做题时先弄清题中每个名词的意义及用法然后根据语境选择符合句意的名词。

常考的几组名词辨析有:

1causereasonexcuse

2awardrewardprize

3sightviewscenescenery

4angerrudenessregretpanic

5conditionsituationstateposition

6reputationinfluenceimpressionattention

7expectationreputationcontributioncivilization

8accommodationoccupationadaptationappreciation

在高考词义辨析题中有一种熟词生义题型即题目中所填的词是考生所熟悉的但所考查的含义却是不常见的。

这就要求考生在掌握单词基本词义的基础上善于结合不同的语境去体会、感悟单词的含义。 

常用名词的熟义和生义

名词

熟义

生义

failure

失败;故障

衰弱减退

performance

表演演出

表现;成绩

strength

体力力量

优势长处

point

点;要点;地点

意义

honor

荣誉;信用

尊重

form

形式

表格

cause

原因

事业

practice

实践;练习

惯例常规做法

knowledge

知道了解

 变式训练 ____________________________________________原则这样提升

1(天津卷)The weather forecast says it will be cloudy with a slight ________ of rain later tonight.

Aeffect  Bsense

Cchange  Dchance

D 解析:考查名词词义辨析。句意:天气预报说今晚晚些时候天气将转阴降雨的可能性不大。chance表示可能性符合语境。effect影响sense感觉意识change变化

2(2019·江苏名校高三摸底)Widespread ________ about the worsening of environment caused by abandoned plastics has led Collins to name single­use as its English­language Word of the Year.

Adoubt  Bconcern

Ccomplaint  Dconfusion

B 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:对废弃塑料造成的环境恶化的广泛关注使得柯林斯将single­use选为年度英语单词。concern关切担心符合语境。doubt怀疑complaint抱怨confusion困惑

 名词的搭配

1(2019·天津卷)We can observe that artificial intelligence has already made a(n) ________ on our lives in many ways.

Astatement      Bimpact

Cimpression  Djudgment

B 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:我们能够观察到人工智能在很多方面已对我们的生活产生了影响。A项意为陈述B项意为影响C项意为印象D项意为判断。结合句意可知应选B

2(江苏卷)Tom always goes jogging in the morning and he usually does push­ups too to stay ________

Ain place  Bin order

Cin shape  Din fashion

C 解析:考查短语辨析。句意:汤姆总是在早晨慢跑他通常也做俯卧撑来保持身体健康。in place在适当的位置在正确的位置适当的恰当的in order整齐秩序井然in shape健康状况良好in fashion流行。根据题干中的goes jogging(慢跑)does push­ups(做俯卧撑)可知是为了保持健康(stay in shape)

高考考查名词构成的固定搭配主要有两类:介词+名词动词+名词。常考的名词短语:

(1)out of one’s reach 在某人够不到的地方

 beyond recognition 无法辨认

in great demand 需求量很大

in progress  在进行中

out of question 不成问题;无疑

of great value(very valuable) 非常有价值的

(2)have/gain access to 可以获得

gain/have an advantage over 胜过优于

take advantage of 利用……之机

pay attention to 注意

make the best of 充分利用妥善处理

find fault with ……的错;吹毛求疵

keep pace with ……同步

put an end to 结束……

take notice of 注意到

take...into account 考虑……

catch sight of 看见

have a good reputation  有个好名声

make a difference 有影响;有关系

下列固定搭配中名词用复数形式:make preparations for……做准备;take pains to do尽力刻苦;make (both) ends meet使收支相抵;take turns to do轮流;be in high spirits兴致勃勃;make repairs修理;burst into tears放声大哭;in all directions向四面八方。 

 变式训练 ____________________________________________原则这样提升

1(浙江卷)Most people work because it’s unavoidable.________there are some people who actually enjoy work.

AAs a result      BIn addition

CBy contrast  DIn conclusion

C 解析:考查语境选词。句意:大多数人工作因为这是不可避免的。________有一些人确实喜欢工作。 as a result结果前后表示因果关系;in addition 况且除此之外前后表示递进关系; by contrast相比之下表示前后对比; in conclusion总之表示总结。由语境可知此处表示前后对比by contrastC项正确。

2(湖北卷)When he was running after his brotherthe boy lost his ________ and had a bad fall.

Abalance  Bchance

Cmemory  Dplace

A 解析:考查语境选词。句意:当这个男孩追赶弟弟的时候他失去了平衡狠狠地摔了一跤。根据句中的had a bad fall可知这个男孩之所以摔倒是因为失去了平衡lose ones balance意为失去平衡 chance机会;memory记忆;place地方。

 抽象名词具体化

 (山东卷)Being able to afford ________drink would be ________comfort in those tough times.

Athethe       Baa

Ca;不填  D不填;a

B 解析:不可数名词可以和不定冠词连用表示名词的具体化。句中的a drink表示一杯饮料后面的a comfort表示一件令人感到安慰的事或一个令人感到安慰的人。句意:在那些难熬的时光中能买得起一杯饮料是一个莫大的安慰。

抽象名词是表示状态、品质、情感等的名词通常不与不定冠词连用。但是当这些抽象名词表示具体概念时前面可加不定冠词用来表示具体的人或物。常译为一次……的事;一个……的人;一种……东西。常见的此类名词:

单词

抽象名词

具体化名词意义

success

成功

成功的人或事

pleasure

乐趣

令人高兴的事

attraction

吸引

有吸引力的人或事物

beauty

美;美丽

美丽的人或事物

comfort

安慰;慰藉

令人感到安慰的人或事物

danger

危险

危险的人或因素

delight

高兴

令人高兴的事

failure

失败

失败的人或事

surprise

惊奇

令人惊奇的事情

shock

震惊

令人震惊的事情

experience

经验

经历

1We need an effective strategy to help children living in________ poverty to have the opportunity to receive________good education.

Athe/          

Bthea

C// 

D/a

D 解析:第一空考查短语:in poverty意为:在贫困中。第二空抽象名词具体化receive a good education意为:接受良好的教育。

2(2019·南京十校模拟)Life for________disabled in Uganda is difficultbut for children it can be ________ shock that can never be overcome.

Aathe 

B不填;a

Ca;不填 

Dthea

D 解析:句意:生活对于乌干达的残疾人来说是困难的但对于孩子们来说生活可能就是永远无法克服的一种震惊。第一空后是形容词the 形容词表示一类人the disabled残疾人;第二空属于抽象名词具体化一种震惊。故选D

 不定冠词的用法

1(2017·浙江卷6)For Pahlsson, its return was a wonder.

2(全国卷)Give your body and brain a rest by stepping outside for a while, exercising, or doing something you enjoy.

 通关点击 ____________________________________________原则这样解读

1在发音以辅音音素开头的单词前用a在发音以元音音素开头的单词前用an

a university, a useful animal, a one­eyed dog, a European car, an hour, an honest boy, an X­ray, an ugly man, an honor等。

I earn 10 dollars an hour as a supermarket cashier.

作为一名超市收银员我每小时挣10美元。

2不定冠词a/an放在单数可数名词前泛指一个人或一个事物。

They found an apartment in America. They were there for only a month.

他们在美国找到一个公寓在那里待了仅仅一个月。

3表示泛指。说话人第一次提及某人或某物时通常用不定冠词。

At that time, I was working in a factory. The factory produces car parts.

那时我在一家工厂工作。那家工厂生产各种汽车部件。

4表示量指。不定冠词表示这个数量但数的概念没有one强烈。

As the old saying goes, Rome was not built in a day.”

常言道冰冻三尺非一日之寒。

5a(n)+序数词表示又一再一a most+形容词表示非常

He missed the gold in the high jump, but will get a second chance in the long jump.

他在跳高比赛中没有赢得金牌但是在跳远比赛中他还有一次(获得金牌的)机会。

He put forward a most useful suggestion at the meeting.

在会议上他提出一个非常实用的建议。

6具有某些特征、状态或情感的抽象名词在表示具体的概念时可以与不定冠词连用。如a success一个成功的人或一件成功的事。

The operation is a success and the patient is now out of danger.

手术很成功病人目前脱离了危险。

7不定冠词常用在一些固定搭配中。如:

have a rest 休息

have a break 休息

take a walk 散步

have a look 看一看

in a moment 立刻

in a minute 马上

once upon a time 曾经

twice a month 一月两次

a type of 一类

a pile of 一堆

a great amount of 大量的

as a rule 通常

in a hurry 立刻

in a word 总之

in a short while 不久

have a good knowledge of 熟知

1Society even glorifies burning the candle at both ends as a sign of our devotion to work and family.

2Ms.La Rosa put forward a policy that not many teachers gave a second thought to at the conference.

 定冠词的用法

1(2017·全国卷)This included digging up the road, laying the track and then building a strong roof over the top.

2(江西卷)They chose Tom to be thecaptain of the team because they knew he was a smart leader.

 通关点击 ____________________________________________原则这样解读

1特指某人或某事。

The village where I was born has grown into a town.

我出生的那个小村庄已经发展成了一个小镇。

2用在最高级或序数词前面或由only, very, same等修饰的名词前面。

As is known to all, the Peoples Republic of China is the biggest developing country in the world.

众所周知中华人民共和国是世界上最大的发展中国家。

3某些形容词、分词前表示一类人或用在姓氏复数前表示一家人要想到用定冠词。

As far as I know, the Greens are going to move to Beijing.

据我所知格林一家要搬到北京去。

4在世界上独一无二的事物西洋乐器以及发明物的名词前要用定冠词。

The little girl likes to play the violin and often plays it after school.

这个小女孩喜欢拉小提琴经常放学后演奏。

5用于the more...the more...(…………)结构中。

The more careful you are, the fewer mistakes you will make.

你越小心就会越少犯错误。

6定冠词用于固定短语中

make the most/best of      充分利用

in the end   最后

by the way   顺便说一下

in the distance   在远处

in the way 挡道

on the whole 总的来说

at the same time 同时

on the other hand 另一方面

to tell the truth 说实话

for the time being 暂时

on the spot 在现场

the other day 前几天

take the place of 代替

 变式训练 ____________________________________________原则这样提升

1Chinese brush calligraphy or shufa in Chinese is one of the most important art forms in China.

2Jurassic Park is a movie directed by Steven Spielberg in which the hero fights bravely and protects his friends and family from dinosaurs.

 零冠词的用法

1(江西卷)Animals are obviously________lower form of life than________man.

Aa/  Bthethe

Cathe  D//

A 解析:句意:很明显动物是比人类更低级的一种生物。form为可数名词表示类型种类a form of意为一种man用来泛指人类前面常不加冠词。

2(全国卷)India attained ________independence in 1947after________ long struggle.

A不填;a 

Bthea

Can;不填 

Danthe

A 解析:考查冠词。句意:印度经过了长期的斗争之后1947年赢得了独立。attain independence是一个固定

短语意为赢得独立这里不需要用冠词。第二个空格填入不定冠词a表示一个/……”因此答案选A

 通关点击 ____________________________________________原则这样解读

1在不可数名词或可数名词复数前表示泛指不用冠词。

Keeping a diary is a good habit, by which youll make great progress.

记日记是一个可以让你取得进步的好习惯。

2用于与by连用的表示交通工具、通讯工具的名词前。

Are you going there by plane or by ship?

你是乘飞机还是乘船去那里?

3用于系动词turn后的单数名词作表语时。

After years of hard work, Tom turned engineer while Mary good manager.

多年的努力之后汤姆成了工程师而玛丽成了一名优秀的经理。

有无冠词意义不同的搭配:

at table在吃饭;at the table在桌子旁

at school在上学;at the school在学校

in hospital/prison住院/坐牢;

in the hospital/prison在医院里/在监狱里

in charge of掌管;in the charge of……掌管之中

out of question毫无疑问;out of the question不可能

take place发生;take the place of取代 

1In Germany________successful projectwhich roughly translates as adopt a grandparenthas been running with________great success.

Aaa  Ba;不填

Cthea  D不填;the

B 解析:第一个空是泛指修饰名词project;第二个空后的名词success是抽象名词。故选B项。

2The peace­making spirit of Nelson Mandelawho was elected ________ president at the age of 76has won him ________ worldwide respect.

A/a  B//

Cthea  Dthe/

B 解析:句意:纳尔逊·曼德拉76岁时当选总统他的维和精神为他赢得了全世界的尊敬。句中的president指总统这个职位作补足语时前一般不加冠词;respect为不可数名词故不加冠词。故选B

[学生用书P5]

 单项填空

1(2018·天津卷)The ________ that there is life on other planets in the universe has always inspired scientists to explore the outer space.

Aadvice         Border

Cpossibility  Dinvitation

C 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:宇宙中的其他行星上可能存在生命这个可能性一直激励着科学家去探索外层空间。根据句意可知这里用possibility表示可能性advice劝告order命令invitation邀请都不符合句意。

2(安徽卷)There is no need to tell me your answer now.Give it some ________ and then let me know.

Athought  Bsupport

Cprotection  Dauthority

A 解析:考查语境选词。句意:现在没有必要告诉我你的答案。多思考(thought)一下再让我知道。support支持;protection保护;authority权威。

3(陕西卷)________ more learned a man is________ more modest he usually becomes.

AThethe  BAa

CThea  DAthe

A 解析:考查固定句式中冠词的用法。句意:一个人越博学他通常就越谦虚。分析句子结构可知此处是the+比较级the+比较级句式表示……就越……”。前半句表示条件后半句表示结果故选A项。

4(湖北卷)He gave himself a new name to hide his ________ when he went to carry out the secret task.

Aemotion  Btalent

Cidentity  Dtreasure

C 解析:考查语境选词。句意:当他去执行这项秘密任务的时候他给自己起了一个新的名字来隐藏自己的________。根据题干中的a new namethe secret task可知在执行秘密任务的时候他的身份(identity)是保密的。emotion情感;talent天才;treasure财富。

5Although they had different views at first, they reached an ________ between each other eventually.

Aaccommodation  Bapplication

Cadjustment  Dassociation

A 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:虽然他们一开始持有不同的观点但最终双方达成了和解。accommodation和解调解调和符合语境。application运用应用adjustment调整调节association联系联想

 用适当的冠词填空

1(2018·全国卷)I’m walking on a path in the forest in the Central African Republic. Unexpectedly, Im face­to­face with the gorilla, who begins screaming at the top of her lungs. That makes her baby scream, and then a 400­pound male appears.

2(2017·全国卷)As a result, people will eat more food to try to make up for that something missing.

3(全国卷)The nursery team switches him every few days with his sister so that while one is being bottle­fedthe other is with mumshe never suspects.

4Then he opened one of his bags and gave me a handful of freshly picked cherriesexplaining that he had just taken them from his orchard.

5Later, her role as Queen Amidala in Star Wars made her an international superstar.

 

[学生用书P115(单独成册)]

(建议用时:30分钟)

 单项填空

1(2019·江苏名校高三摸底)When you enter a hotel, the top ________ is to find out where all the available exit routes are in case you need to get out in an emergency.

Aprivilege        Bpriority

Cpreference  Dprinciple

B 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:当你进入酒店时你的首要任务是找出所有可用的出口路线以防你需要在紧急情况下离开。priority优先事项首要事情符合句意。privilege特权preference偏爱偏爱的事物principle规范原则

2(2019·南京、盐城一模)The health of garden plants depends on the soil ________ the proper balance of mineral pieces, organic matter, air, and water.

Aconstruction         Bconservation

Ccorporation  Dcomposition

D 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:园艺植物的健康取决于土壤的组成成分——矿物质、有机物质、空气和水的适当平衡。composition构成成分符合语境。construction建造 建筑conservation保存保护corporation法人大型公司

3The audience burst into laughter because of the ________ of the tongue from the host, who said, Good ladies, evening and gentlemen.

Aslip  Bslide

Cseal  Dspit

A 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:由于主持人的口误观众突然大笑起来主持人说:女士们好晚上和先生们。 a slip of the tongue口误符合语境。slide滑动seal印章封条spit唾沫

4Mo Yan, a most widely­read writertakes a complete new________ to describing Chinas rural and folk culture.

Away  Bapproach

Cpassage  Dentry

B 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:莫言的作品被广泛阅读他采用了全新的方法来描述中国的乡村民间文化。an approach to为固定搭配相当于a way of意为“……的方法passage指人们行走的通道走廊不符合本句要求;entry意为进入进入权入口处不符合本句要求。

5Music grows and evolves through the ________ of different cultures and styles.

Ainteraction  Bcompetition

Cconnection  Dinterpretation

A 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:音乐是通过不同文化和风格的互相影响而发展和演变的。interaction互相影响互相作用competition竞争connection联系interpretation理解演绎

6She was admitted to college and she had to make some ________ and learn to lead an independent life there.

Aprogress  Badjustment

Cdifference  Dassessment

B 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:她被大学录取了因此她不得不做些调整并学会在那儿独立生活。adjustment调整调节符合语境。progress进步difference差异不同assessment评价评估

7The survey shows that the US is still a favorite ________ for studying abroad.

Aopportunity  Bdestination

Cchallenge  Dqualification

B 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:调查表明美国依旧是人们出国留学最喜欢的目的地。根据句意可知此处应填destination目的地故答案选B项。

8Mr. Smith, when can I go to America?

Ive made a ________ for you on the morning flight.

Aregulation  Bpresentation

Creservation  Dcontribution

C 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:——史密斯先生我什么时候能去美国?——我已经为你预订了一个早班飞机的座位。根据句意表示预订要用make a reservationregulation管理规则presentation展示描述陈述contribution贡献捐献均不符合句意。

9Many people think that the sentence of death is too severe a(n) ________ for any crime.

Adefeat  Btreatment

Cpunishment  Dinjury

C 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:许多人认为死刑对任何犯罪来说都是太严厉的处罚。a severe punishment表示严厉的处罚故选punishment

10When asked what is the ________ of happiness, different people will give different answers.

Ahabit  Bsource

Corigin  Dresource

B 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:当被问到什么是快乐的源泉这个问题时不同的人会给出不同的答案。habit习惯习性source根源来源origin起源血统resource资源

11Though spending much time on events out of their control, they felt some ________ to be at an advantage finally.

Aamazement  Brelief

Ccuriosity  Dnervousness

B 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:尽管在不受他们控制的事情上花了大量时间但最终能够处于优势让他们略感宽慰。amazement惊讶relief宽慰轻松curiosity好奇心nervousness紧张不安

12Finding information in todays world is easy.The ________ is how you can tell whether the information you get is useful or not.

Aknowledge  Bability

Ccompetition  Dchallenge

D 解析:句意:当今世界找信息很容易挑战在于你如何辨别你所获得的信息是否有用。A.知识;B.能力;C.竞赛;D.挑战艰巨任务。故选D

13It is astonishing what you can do with chocolate if you have enough of it.Give full play to your ________ and have a try!

Aimagination  Bpuzzlement

Cattention  Dqualification

A 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:如果你有足够多的巧克力你能用它做出来的东西令人吃惊。充分发挥你的想象力去尝试一下吧!根据语境可知此空填imagination想象力puzzlement疑惑attention注意力qualification资格

14The patients family has expressed their ________ to the press in letters for the money raised.

Apurpose   Bapologies

Cgratitude   Dsympathy

C 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:病人家属在信中为收到的捐款向媒体表达了感激之情。purpose目的apology道歉gratitude感激;感谢sympathy同情

15(2019·江苏扬州中学质检)When you cast a________for others, you help them see their potential and their possibilities.

Aglance  Bdoubt

Cshadow  Dvision

D 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:当你为他人投射一个愿景时你帮助他们看到自己的潜力和可能性。glance意为一瞥doubt意为怀疑shadow意为影子vision意为构想设想。根据句意可知应选D项。

16The ________ of cultures between Europeans and the Romanies led to many nations taking action against them.

Acooperation  Bsimilarity

Cconvention  Dcollision

D 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:欧洲人和吉卜赛人之间的文化冲突导致了许多国家对他们采取行动。cooperation合作similarity相似处convention习俗collision碰撞冲突。根据语境可知选D项。

17As is often the case, teachers ________ with parents involve complaints about children’s misbehaviors and laziness in school.

Aacquaintances  Bnegotiations

Cconferences  Dconsultations

C 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:情况经常是这样家长会上老师抱怨孩子们在校的顽皮和懒惰。conference会议acquaintance知道熟悉negotiation协商consultation请教咨询磋商

18For sustainable development, the government has decided to give ________ to those energy­conserving and environment­friendly businesses in many aspects.

Apermission  Bprofit

Cpreference  Dphenomenon

C 解析:句意:为了可持续发展政府已经决定在各个方面给予那些节能环保的企业优惠。give preference to...给予……优先权或优惠permission允许profit利润phenomenon现象

19The local authorities provide every college student this year with an annual________ of 4000 yuan for food and tuition fees.

Aaward  Badmission

Callowance  Dacquisition

C 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:今年地方当局给每个大学生每年提供4 000元作为食物和学费的补贴。allowance补贴津贴符合语境。award奖品admission承认入场费acquisition获得

20In Beijing opera, performers are required to paint their faces in patterns and colors to help show the________and depths of the characters personalities.

Adimensions  Bcertificates

Coccupations  Dconsciences

A 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:在京剧里表演者们被要求在脸上画上图案并着色以帮助展示人物个性的广度和深度。根据句意此处表示广度所以要选dimensions。而certificate证书occupation职业占有conscience道德心良心均不符合句意。

21Many parents received a message about the class________ because of hazy days in Beijing.

Ainspection  Bsuspension

Canticipation  Dparticipation

B 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:在北京许多父母都收到了由于雾霾而暂时停课的信息。A项意为考察视察B项意为暂停暂令停学C项意为预见预期D项意为参加。根据句意可知B项符合语境。

22As a qualified lawyer, he must always consider the best interests of his ________

Aclients  Bcolleagues

Corganizations  Dcompanions

A 解析:考查名词。句意:作为一名合格的律师他必须总是考虑其委托人的最大利益。client委托人当事人符合句意。colleague同事organization机构companion同伴

23Many people tend to assume that________ just means creating something new, but actually its more than thatits an attitude of doing things.

Aimitation          Bimagination

Cinnovation  Dinspiration

C 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:许多人往往会认为创新仅仅意味着创造一些新的东西但是事实上它远不止此()是一种做事的态度。imitation意为模仿效仿imagination意为想象想象力innovation意为创新改革inspiration意为灵感妙计。故选C项。

24When you think of a life without limits you have a(n) ________ to think that you can do anything.

Aopportunity  Bsituation

Ctendency  Dadvantage

C 解析:考查名词辨析。名意:当你思考一种没有限制的生活的时候你会有一种觉得自己能做任何事情的倾向。tendency倾向趋势。故选C

25(2019·北三市高三质检)Having a regular bedtime________is something people can do to lower their risk of becoming overweight.

Aarrangement  Bactivity

Ctrend  Droutine

D 解析:考查名词。句意:人们可以做的是有一个规律的就寝时间这可以降低变胖的风险。routine常规惯例符合句意。arrangement安排activity活动trend趋势

26A trip to the forest park is a wonderful________ of my happy childhoodwhen I had no end of fun with my playmates.

Aadventure  Bcelebration

Creminder  Dattraction

C 解析:句意:一次去森林公园的旅行让我想起了我幸福的童年时代那时我和我的玩伴们有无尽的快乐。A.adventure冒险;B.celebration庆祝;C.reminder 提醒让某人想起……的事;D.attraction吸引力。根据题意选C

27She has a________for literature and reading classic books or articles has become part of her routine.

Atalent           Bpassion

Crequirement  Dreputation

B 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:她酷爱文学阅读经典书籍或文章已经成为她日常生活的一部分。talent天赋passion酷爱热爱requirement要求reputation名望声望

28The rapid ________ of our city has caused many social and economic problems.

Thats true.Our city is bigger than before, but our life isnt as quiet as before.

Aexploration  Bexpansion

Cexplosion  Devolution

B 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:——我们城市的快速扩张已经引发了很多社会和经济问题。——确实如此。我们的城市比以前大了但我们的生活没有以前平静了。根据答语中的Our city is bigger than before可知答案选B项。exploration探索expansion扩大扩张explosion爆炸evolution进化

29He was faced with the________of whether to go abroad for further study or find a job to support his family after he graduated from college.

Acontrast  Bdifference

Cadjustment  Ddilemma

D 解析:考查名词辨析。句意:大学毕业以后他面临着是出国继续深造还是找一份工作来养家糊口的两难境地。dilemma(进退两难的)窘境困境符合语境。contrast对比difference差别adjustment调整

30What I know is that I should sell healthy fruit to my customers, which is to say, I should follow my ________

Aconscience  Bdream

Cnose  Dpassion

A 析:考查名词辨析。句意:我所知道的是我应该向我的顾客出售健康的水果也就是说我应该按良心办事。根据句意可知conscience良心良知符合语境。follow ones nose凭直觉

 用适当的冠词填空

1Students in Senior 3 are under great stressbecause no one will take the risk of failing in the College Entrance Examination.

2For cancer patients there may not be a bright futuretoday has to count.

3Many people dont think much of the movie.

I think differently.It is an exciting film.And the photographed scene in the movie is very beautiful.

4Nancy couldn’t remember when she first met Tony.But she was sure it was a Sundaybecause everybody was at church.

5We planned to climb the mountain todaybut in such bad weatherit seems out of the question.

6In the eyes of childrenplaying on the Internet can only bring them great fun.

7Whats the schedule for this weekend?

A greeting ceremony for Professor White will be held in the lecture hall.

8I usually go to the coffee shop near my workplace to place an order for a drink, but this Wednesday, it was slightly different.

9The Team­up Centre will offer an opportunity to young singers to showcase their talents in front of an audience of 5000.

10The more learned a man is, the more modest he usually becomes.

11What do you think we should do when an earthquake happens?

In my opiniongo to an open space away from buildings or trees.

12The teacher praised me for the progress Id madewhich was a great encouragement to me.

13The Chinese government has decided to introduce more measures to improve the public transport system in the country’s crowded urban areas.

14Drivers using mobile phones on the road are more likely to have accidents, a science report said recently.

15We all sighed with relief when the plane finally landed safely.

16If their disagreement comes to a headyou will be faced with an unimaginable challenge.

17Jogging every morning is a good habit.Stick to it, and youll make great progress.

18Its great news for the driver that running a yellow light no longer results in a 6­point punishment.

19University is a most worthwhile time of discovery and learning, and it is also a very enjoyable and valuable experience for every one of us.

20Toma shy boywho lacks confidencedoesnt get the attention he deserves.

 

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