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北师大(2019)版高中英语必修第一册讲义:Unit 2 Section Ⅶ Writing——记叙文

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北师大(2019)版高中英语必修第一册讲义:Unit 2 Section Ⅶ Writing——记叙文01
北师大(2019)版高中英语必修第一册讲义:Unit 2 Section Ⅶ Writing——记叙文02
北师大(2019)版高中英语必修第一册讲义:Unit 2 Section Ⅶ Writing——记叙文03
北师大(2019)版高中英语必修第一册讲义:Unit 2 Section Ⅶ Writing——记叙文04
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Section  Writing——记叙文

[文体指导]

本单元的写作重点是记叙文,描述所发生的事情和经历。常见的形式有:故事、传记、游记、日记、新闻报道等。

一、记叙文的写作要素

1.要交代清楚五要素的内容,即:wherewhenwhatwhohow

2.事件可按时间或空间顺序叙述。

3.时态通常是与过去有关的时态;如果是当前的经常性事件、自然或社会现象,通常用与现在有关的时态。

二、记叙文的篇章结构

开头(the beginning)——交代必要的背景,如:时间、地点、人物等。

中间(the middle)——交代故事情节(事情的主体)。如:事件的发生、发展和前因后果。

结尾(the ending)——事情的结果、感想、愿望等(the result or feeling)

三、在记叙文中常用到的连接词

First...Then...Next...FinallySome...Some...OthersThe boys...The girls...Some...the others...The rest of us/them...

四、时间顺序

early in the morning/in the early morningin the middle of the day/at noonlate in the afternoon/in the late afternoonfar/deep into the nightin the past/at present/in the futurefirstsecondnextthenfinallyat firstin the beginningat lastin the endshortly afterwardsat onceimmediatelyall of a suddensuddenlysoonthe momentas soon asthe first timenot untilnext timebeforeafteretc.

[亮点句式]

1One Saturdayour family went to climb the beautiful West Hill.

那是一个星期六,我们全家去美丽的西山游玩。

2After a long walkingI was as hungry as a wolf and helped myself to the roast beef and chicken.

长时间的步行之后,我很饿,狼吞虎咽地吃掉了烘烤的牛肉和鸡肉。

3Until late into the nightI couldn't fall asleepthinking about the happiness I had in the day.

夜很深了,我还不能入睡,想着白天的快乐时光。

4Hardly had I done this when I realized that I had done something bad to our environment.

我刚一这样做,马上意识到自己的所作所为破坏了我们的环境。

5No sooner had I thought about it than dad ended the game with his victory.

我刚想到这些的时候,爸爸已经赢了。

6I turned off the TV as fast as possible.MeanwhileI pretended that I was reading Chinese book.

我以最快的速度关掉电视,同时假装在读语文书。

[写作任务]

假如下面是你本周的一次经历。请根据以下提示,写一篇英语短文,记述这次事件的经过。

星期一轮到你值日,你必须早一点到学校,以便在同学们到校之前做完值日。因为害怕迟到,你骑车去学校。但由于骑得太快,不小心把一位步行的老人撞倒了。你扶起老人,确认他无碍后就马上赶往学校。当你到达学校时,却发现钥匙找不到了。你返回去寻找钥匙,却发现那位老人手里拿着钥匙,正在等你。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

[审题谋篇]

体裁

记叙文

时态

一般过去时为主

主题

个人经历

人称

第一人称为主

结构

首段:叙述事故发生的经过;

第二段:叙述找钥匙的过程。

[遣词造句]

.对接单元词汇

1injuredadj.      受伤的

2far too   极,很

3wave good bye to...   ……再见

4be afraid of   害怕……

5knock down   撞倒

.巧用单元句式、语法

()完成句子

1.我不得不在所有同学来之前打扫完卫生。

I had to get to the school earlier to finish the cleaning before all the classmates came.

2.因为我骑得太快,撞倒了一位老人。

As I was riding far too fast and carelesslyI knocked down an old man.

3.当我到了学校,发现教室的钥匙丢了。

When I got to schoolI found the key to the classroom was lost.

()句式升级

4I am afraid of being late.I decided to go to school by bike.(用现在分词改写句子)

Being afraid of being lateI decided to go to school by bike.

5An old man was walking across the street.I knocked down an old man.(用定语从句改写句子)

I knocked down an old man who was walking across the street.

6The old man was waiting for me.The key was in his hand.(with复合结构改写句子)

The old man was waiting for mewith the key in his hand!

[妙笔成篇]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

【参考范文】

I was on duty this Mondayso I had to get to the school earlier to finish the cleaning before all the classmates came.Being afraid of being lateI decided to go to school by bike.As I was riding far too fast and carelesslyI knocked down an old man who was walking across the street.I raised the old man.Fortunatelyhe didn't get injured at all.

After waving good bye to himI hurried to school.Howeverwhen I got to schoolI found the key to the classroom was lost.I had to return to look for it.You cannot imagine what happened! The old man was waiting for mewith the key in his hand

 

 

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