21.Hiking by oneself can be fun and good for health. It may also be good for_______ building.
A. respect B. friendship C. reputation D. character
22.The system has been designed to give students quick and easy_______to the digital resources of the library.
A. access B. passage C. way D. approach
23.The children loved their day trip, and they enjoyed the horse ride_______.
A. most B. more C. less D. little
24.According to statistics, a man is more than twice as likely to die of skin cancer_______ a woman.
A. than B. such C. so D. as
25.Life is like a long race_______we compete with others to go beyond ourselves.
A. why B. what C. that D. where
26.Gun control is a subject_______ Americans have argued for a long time.
A. of which B. with which C. about which D. into which
27.Bill suggested_______a meeting on what to do for the Shanghai Expo during the vacation.
A. having held B. to hold C. holding D. hold
28.Every evening after dinner, if not_______from work, I will spend some time walking my dog.
A. being tired B. tiring C. tired D. to be tired
29.This printer is of good quality. If it_______break down within the first year, we would repair it at our expense.
A. would B. should C. could D. might
30.But for the help of my English teacher, I_______the first prize in the English Writing Competition.
A. would not win B. would not have won C. would win D. would have won
31.As a new diplomat, he often thinks of_______ he can react more appropriately on such occasions.
A. what B. which C. that D. how
32.The fact has worried many scientists_______the earth is becoming warmer and warmer these years.
A. what B. which C. that D. though
33.She had just finished her homework_______her mother asked her to practise playing the piano yesterday.
A. when B. while C. after D. since
34.The little girl who got lost decided to remain_______she was and wait for her mother.
A. where B. what C. how D. who
35.—Ken,_______ ,but your TV is going too loud.
—Oh, I'm sorry. I'll turn it down right now.
A. I'd liketo talk with you
B. I'm really tired ofthis
C. I hate to say this
D. I need your help
Even though Danish students have equal access to education, their choice of studies is still influenced by social class. Young people from working class backgrounds are 36 by studies with a clear job profile and high income, 37 prestige and studies with a strong identity interest young people of parents with university degrees when choosing which studies to 38 . This is what researchers from the University of Copenhagen 39 in a new study. Students who have chosen to study medicine, architecture, economy and sociology often come from homes where the parents have 40 higher education, whereas business studies and pharmacy often 41 young people with a working class background. This is 42 by a research team from the University of Copenhagen and Aalborg University in a new study.
“There is a 43 between the studies chosen by young Danes and their 44 background. Even for the young people who have very good grades in their A-level exams, and who could successfully 45 admission to a large variety of studies, the parents’ 46 of education and social class play an important role in their choice,” says Education Sociologist Jens Peter Thomsen, who is one of the researchers behind the study.
The study “The Educational Strategies of Danish University Students from Professional and Working-Class Backgrounds” is 47 60 interviews with Danish students from six different university level study programmes: Medicine, architecture, sociology, economy, pharmacy and business studies.
The young people bring with them the 48 they get from their families. If you grow up in a home with parents who are doctors or architects with a strong professional 49 , it is an obvious choice to follow the 50 path as your parents when you grow up.
“For young people whose parents are university educated, 51 such as fame and mastery of expert knowledge are important. They are 52 by an educational culture in which you are a diligent student, and where leisure activities are 53 to the identity that lies within your studies. These young people have also grown up with 54 discussions around the dinner table which also prepare them for their lives as students,” says Jens Peter Thomsen.
He also added, “Young people who come from a working class background, and have good grades have to 55 the full range of opportunities they have. But the effort to reach this goal must start early”.
36. A. monitored
37. A. while
38. A. pursue
39. A. calculate
40. A. required
41. A. subscribes to
B. caters to
C. sticks to
D. appeals to
42. A. inquired
43. A. connection
44. A. educational
45. A. balance
46. A. situation
47. A. connected with
B. based on
C. committed to
D. combined with
48. A. resources
49. A. degree
50. A. perfect
51. A. changes
52. A. disturbed
53. A. tied
54. A. practical
55. A. take charge of
B. take control of
C. take advantage of
D. take care of
Teachers say the digital age has had a good influence - and a not-so-good influence - on this generation of American teenagers. More than 2,000 teachers took an online survey. Three-quarters of the teachers said the Internet and digital search tools have had a " mostly positive" effect on their students' research habits and skills. But 64 percent said the technologies " do more to distract（使……分心） students than to help them academically. " And 87 percent agreed that these technologies are creating an " easily distracted generation with short attention spans. "
The Pew Internet Project did the survey with the National Writing Project. Judy Buchanan is the vice director of the National Writing Project and a co-author of the report. Ms. Buchanan says digital research tools are helping students learn more and faster. " Teachers really favor these tools because they are ways to make some of the learning exciting and engaging. Young people favor these tools. The goal is to really help them become creators of meaningful content, and not just sort of consumers. "
But one problem the survey found is that many students lack digital literacy. They trust too much of the information they find on the Internet. Judy says these students haven' t developed the skills to determine the quality of online information. " It' s something that really has to be taught and paid attention to. Because in a world in which things happen quickly, you do need to step back, reflect and analyze the information you have. "
Another problem is blamed on something that might not seem like a problem at all: being able to quickly find information online. Teachers say the result is a reduction in the desire and ability of their students to work hard to find answers. They say students are overly dependent on search engines and do not make enough use of printed books or research libraries.
Many teachers are also concerned that the Internet makes it easy for students to copy work done by others instead of using their own abilities.
56. The text mainly tells us____.
A. all the students use digital tools
B. the Internet is playing a key role
C. teachers encourage using digital tools
D. digital tools bring about benefits and problems
57. Which of the following best shows the structure of the text?
58. The underlined sentence in the third paragraph probably means________.
A. students do not have the right digital tools
B. students do not always have access to the Internet
C. students haven' t the ability to adjust themselves
D. students can' t judge online information properly
59. Some students don' t tend to work hard because_________.
A. they can get answers on the Internet quickly
B. printed books and libraries around aren' t enough
C. the Internet can' t make students concentrate
D. they can copy each others' work without being punished
Helen Thomas, the pioneering White House reporter known for putting presidents on the hot seat, died at 92.
To those who regularly watch presidential press conferences, Helen Thomas is a familiar figure. Usually dressed in red and always seated in the front row, she is always the first or second reporter the president calls upon. It is an honor she has earned. Besides, it affords her the perfect opportunity to do what she does best - challenge the president and other public officials to tell the plain truth. She said, " We reporters' priority（首要事情） is the people' s right to know - without fear or favor. We are the people' s servants. "
Helen Thomas was born in Kentucky in 1920. All the nine Thomas children were brought up to value education, and all were expected to make something of themselves through working hard. She made up her mind while still in high school to become a reporter after writing for the student newspaper. After receiving her bachelor' s degree in 1942, Thomas headed straight for Washington, D. C. in search of a newspaper job. Before long, she landed one at Washington Daily News. Her duty included fetching coffee and doughnuts for the paper' s reporters and editors. The eager young woman found the atmosphere exciting and was convinced she had made the right career choice.
Her big break came when she was sent to Florida to report on the vacation of President-elect John F. Kennedy and his family. Once President Kennedy took office, Thomas changed her focus from the president' s family to his policies. She began attending the daily press briefings at the White House as well as presidential press conferences. Thomas has covered every president since Kennedy. Over the years, Thomas found her job " thrilling and inspiring," but never boring. And she took very seriously her duty to " keep an eye on the president" and keep American people informed.
60. What can we learn about Helen Thomas from the passage?
A. Her career took off after covering the Kennedys.
B. Her first job was to deliver doughnuts to a news agency.
C. She was born to a large family in Kentucky in 1942.
D. She decided to be a reporter while in college.
61. Paragraph 3 is written to show Helen Thomas___________.
A. is a good decision maker for her career
B. appreciates education and hard work
C. wants to be famous by writing reports
D. has great support from her family
62. What does Helen Thomas think of her work?
63. What can be the best title for the text?
A. A reporter sticking to the facts.
B. A reporter challenging President Kennedy.
C. A reporter from an ordinary family.
D. A reporter for Washington Daily News.
If you see a group of people dancing and singing on the street or in the railway station, you don' t need to feel surprised. They are a flash mob（快闪族）, which is a group of people who come together suddenly in a public place, do something unusual for a brief period of time, and then quickly break up. They are usually organized with the help of the Internet or other digital communication network. At a predetermined time, they gather and perform some distractions（消遣）such as waving their hands and exchanging books. Then, they quickly break up before the police can arrive. Using mobile phones, the flash mob can change its location if the first one has been replaced for any reason.
Bill Lasik, senior editor of Harper’s Magazine,organized the first flash mob in Manhattan in May 2003 and the first successful flash mob came together on June 3,2003 — after the first attempt was foiled at Macy' s department store. Lasik claimed that the activity was designed to make fun of hipsters（赶时髦的人）, and call attention to the cultural atmosphere.
Flash mob gatherings can sometimes shock people. Such an activity might seem amusing and untrue, but it also might frighten people who are not aware of what is taking place. Undoubtedly, flash mobs can serve as good political tools in any direction. They also have great economic potential, such as using flash mobs to advertise a product.
The flash mob is now becoming more and more popular. People use it to do many things. For example, in 2019, Michael Jackson' s fans took part in a flash mob to remember him. Hundreds of his fans gathered singing and dancing Michael' s famous song " Beat It" together. Flash mobs give people from all walks of life an opportunity to come together to create a memory.
64. The undefined word " foiled" in Paragraph 2 can be replaced by 。
65. What can you learn about the flash mob from the passage?
A. The flash mob usually breaks up quickly for lacking enough time.
B. Once the place for the activity is determined, it can' t be changed.
C. The flash mob can be made use of in many fields just for fun.
D. It gives people the chance to come together to do something unusual.
66. The main purpose of the passage is___________.
A. to entertain
B. to encourage
C. to inform
D. to persuade
67. The writer' s attitude towards the flash mob is_____________.
How cool can libraries be in an era（时代）of iPods and Kindles? More than you think. Only if you know where to go.
Central Library: Seattle, Washington, United States
The Central Library in Seattle is modern and fashionable and has tourists from around the world paying visits and taking tours. It was designed by Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas and American designer Joshua Ramus. Tours began in 2006, two years after its opening. The library holds various art exhibitions, book signings and other events, while visitors can stop by the Chocolate cart for a coffee and scan through the gift shop anytime
Trinity College Library: Dublin, Ireland
The Trinity College Library in Dublin is the oldest library in Ireland, founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth I. It is the largest single library in the world, also known as the Long Room, which contains more than 200,000 of the library' s oldest books. The Long Room houses one of the oldest harps（竖琴） in Ireland. Dating to the 15th century, the old harp is the model for the symbol foreland.
Geisel Library, University of California: San Diego, United States
At first glance, it looks like a spaceship. Architect William Pereira, who helped design actual space launch facilities at Cape Canaveral in Houston, Texas, designed the library in 1970. It has been featured in sci-fi films, short stories and novels. The library hosts " Dinner in the Library," which invites readers for cocktails, and also a special speech from distinguished authors.
TU Delft Library: The Netherlands
The library at the Delft University of Technology was constructed in 1997 and has more than 862,000 books, 16,000 magazine subscriptions and its own museum. The building itself exists beneath the ground, so you can' t really see the actual Library. What makes it interesting is the roof, which is a grassy hill. The roof covers 5,500 square meters. And it has become one of the most striking and greenest structures in the area.
68. Which of the four libraries has the longest history?
A. Central Library.
B. Trinity College Library.
C. Geisel Library.
D. TU Delft Library.
69. What makes Geisel Library different from the others is that________.
A. famous writers often deliver speeches there
B. it has a reoffer grassy hill
C. Queen Elizabeth I founded the library
D. it is the largest single library in the world
70. In Central Library, you can__________.
A. buy souvenirs
B. drink cocktails
C. enjoy sci-fi films
D. see the old harp
Talk about happiness
We should not hesitate too much during the first half of our lives, while we should not regret at what we’ve done during the other half. We should seize every opportunity to find a way out in our lives, for it goes off swiftly. We should say something urgent slowly, something serious clearly, something small humorously and something unsure cautiously. We should never say something that did not happen, something that you cannot do, something that does harm to others, and something that is disgusting. We should tell others our happiness on specific occasions and should not tell anyone our unhappiness. Do not easily say something about others. We should follow our own heart and interest, and fulfill what we should do instead of merely paying lip service and looking forward to the future.
Everyone is longing for a happy life, but owning wealth does not necessarily mean owning happiness. To truly reach happiness, we need to know how to get on with others. So we need to understand what happiness is really about and achieve what we desire.
We need to know and understand happiness before we finally get it. A smart man must know to do something good even though it may be small, and not to do something evil even though it may be tiny in the course of socializing. As long as we keep a kind heart and do everything morally and legally, we can live a peaceful life. But if we keep an evil heart and do whatever we want, we are indeed digging a tomb for ourselves. A smart man knows to learn a lesson from his falls, for he knows that every setback is a precious experience leading to happiness in the future. He will not waste his time in criticizing others. Instead, he tends to spend more time seeking his own happiness. He knows to keep a heart of conscience and not to spread others’ mistakes. He also knows to think before he leaps so that he will not feel regretful afterwards. Moreover, he knows to tolerate others, so he can naturally lead a happy life.
Without happiness, one will feel terribly miserable, for he always insists that he has done the right thing all the time and that others often do wrong to him. He blames every mistake on others or the environment instead of reflecting on himself, which keeps him farther and farther away from happiness. A celebrity once said, “Nobody intends to make mistakes. One makes mistakes because of his ignorance.” Therefore, if someone makes mistakes, we need to care about him, forgive him and enlighten him by setting a good example to him instead of losing temper and hating him. Otherwise, we are also ignorant like him, for we also make a stupid mistake that leads us farther from happiness.
In order to possess a happy life, we need to know more about others, about the society, about our culture and history. We should be patriotic(爱国的), obey the law and realize our own responsibility, and then we will definitely have a happy life.
Talk about happiness
Wise actions in life
● Do things without(71)________and never regret at anything .
● Seize every opportunity to do the things we should.
● Avoid saying or doing what we are not (72)________ about.
● Don’t comment on others easily.
Things about happiness we should (73) ________ in mind
● Getting on well with others is necessary.
● Doing good things with a kind heart may make us live (74)________.
● Knowing future happiness (75)________ from precious experiences learned from every setback.
● Thinking twice before action and tolerating others can (76)________ to a happy life.
Reasons for lack of happiness
● He blames everything wrong on others or the (77)________, not himself.
● His (78)________ results in making mistakes, which keeps him farther away from happiness.
（79）________on how to
● We should care about the people who make mistakes instead of losing temper and set an example to them.
● We should have a rich (80)________ of society, culture, history and others.
● We should obey the law and shoulder our own responsibility.
2. 可适当增加细节, 以使行文通顺连贯;
英 语 试 题 参 考 答 案
21-25CCBAB 26-30CCCBB 31-35DCAAC
36. B 37. A 38. A 39. C 40. D 41. D 42. B 43. A 44. C 45. D 46. C 47. B 48. A 49. B 50. D 51. C 52. D 53. A 54. B 55. C
56-60DADAA 61-65BBABD 66-70CBBAA第四部分：任务型阅读（共10小题；每小题1分，满分10分）
71. hesitation 72. sure 73. keep 74. peacefully 75. arises/comes/results 76. lead/contribute 77. environment 78. ignorance79. Suggestions/Advice/Tips 80. knowledge
As we can see in the picture, a boy sits in a cage like a bird, looking unhappily at his father, who sits opposite to him, looking puzzled on his face. There is a piece of paper which says “summer vacation”. The boy plans to go fishing, play football, climb mountains, go out for a ride and play chess. But the father keeps him in a cage for “safety” for fear of a car accident, drowning, falling off a tree, fighting or being deceived.
It reflects the way in which the parents protect their children from dangers while the children are growing up. Is it a good way to do that? I don’t agree. It seems to be safe staying in the cage. But the little boy will never know what a danger is and how to deal with it. So he may not adapt to the surroundings on his own in the future.
In my opinion, the parents should let their children out into nature to enlarge their knowledge and widen their sights during their holidays.