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2019年全国高考英语(课标版)复习模拟组合练(五)

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2019年全国高考英语(课标版)复习模拟组合练(五)

Ⅰ.阅读理解

(2018河北衡水中学十模,D)

Inthemid-2000s,WazeMobileco-founderEhudShabtaireceivedacutting-edge(尖端的)giftfromhisgirlfriend:aGPS.Theexpensivegiftwassupposedtobehelpful.Butstraightoutofthebox,itwasalreadyoutofdate.

Shabtai,acodingenthusiast,hadanimmediatereactiontoreinvent.Shabtaissolution?Tobuildanapp.With50millionmonthlyactiveusersgloballyandnearly400,000superuserswhofunctionmuchlikeWikipediavolunteereditors(editingmapsratherthanwords),WazeMobilecaughttheeyeofGoogleasarevolutionaryapproachtonavigation(导航).

AcquiredbyGooglein2013,Wazesvaluemainlyliesinitshighrateofuserinvolvement.Unliketraditionalnavigationappsthatsimplyshowdirections,Wazeasksitsuserstoreportaccidentsandotherroadconditionsinrealtime,sootheruserscanavoidthetrafficbyusinganalternativeroute.

ThegoalbehindWazesapproachisanambitiousone:notjustavoidtraffic,butenditaltogether.Wazeisfindingnewwaystoputitsloyalandactiveuserbasetousetomakethatvisionareality,includingaplantomakecarpooling(拼车)cool.

Tobesure,trafficjamsaretroublingpeopleallovertheworld.Wazehasbeenquietlyaheadofthegameforsometime.In2013,whenWazewasjustasmalldigital-mappingbusinesswithlimitedresources,ithadsomethingGoogleMapsandothercompetitorsdidnt:richerGPSguidancethankstoitsstreamoflivetrafficreportsfromusers.

TheseuserswerethebasisofShabtaisplantoserveforhisGPSdevicessilenthardware:hegroundedtheappinsoftwarethatcouldbeperpetuallyupdatedbyusers,anywhereandanytime.

WazeCarpoolisgoingstraighttotheheartoftrafficjams,tryingtogetmoredriversofftheroadandintocarpools.Theapphasalreadyconnectedtensofthousandsofrideseekerswithdriverswillingtoferrythemalongasharedroute,andthattrendcouldbetheanswertoatraffic-freefuture.

1.WhatdidShabtaidowhenhefoundhisgirlfriendsgiftoutofdate?

A.Heimprovedit.

B.Hetookitapart.

C.Heputitaway.

D.Heuseditanyway.

2.WhatsetsWazeMobileapartfromtraditionalnavigationapps?

A.Ithasthemostusers.

B.Itcanindicatedirections.

C.Itreportsroadconditionsinrealtime.

D.Mostusershelpedititswords.

3.WhatdoestheunderlinedwordinParagraph6probablymean?

A.Difficultly.  B.Carefully.

C.Greatly.   D.Constantly.

4.Whatismainlytalkedaboutinthetext?

A.Theriseofcarpooling.

B.Anadvancednavigationapp.

C.ThedevelopmentofGoogle.

D.Trafficproblemsintheworld.

Ⅱ.七选五

(2017河南豫南九校联考V)

Youmayhavegrownuplivingwithsistersandbrothers,orthismaybeyourfirsttimetoshareyourlivingspacewithsomeoneelse. 1 However,itcanalsobeagreatpartofyourcollegeexperience.Followthesetipstomakesureyouandyourroommatekeepthingspleasantandsupportivethroughouttheyears. 

Beclearfromthebeginning.

Maybeyouhateitwhensomeoneinterruptsyouwhenyouaresleepingeverymorning.Maybeyouneedtenminutestoyourselfbeforetalkingtoanyoneafteryouwakeup. 2 Itsnotfairtoexpecthimorhertopickuponthemrightaway,andcommunicatingwhatyouneedisoneofthebestwaystogetridofproblemsbeforetheybecomeproblems. 

 3  

Thismayseemsimple,butitsprobablyoneofthebiggestreasonswhyroommatesexperienceconflicts.Dontyouthinkhellmindifyouborrowhisshoesforaquicksoccergame?Forallyouknow,youjuststeppedovertheline.Dontborrow,use,ortakeanythingwithoutgettingpermissionfirst.

Beopentochange.

Youshouldexpecttolearn,growandchangeduringyourtimeatschool. 4 Asthetermprogresses,youshouldrealizethingswillchangeforbothofyou.Becomfortableaddressingthingsthatunexpectedlycomeup,settingnewrules,andbeingflexibletoyourchangingenvironment. 

Followthegoldenrule.

 5 Nomatterwhatyourrelationshipisattheendoftheyear,youcantakecomfortknowingyouactedlikeanadultandtreatedyourroommatewithrespect. 

A.Respectyourroommatesthings.

B.Letyourroommateknowaboutyourpreferences.

C.Treatyourroommatelikeyoudliketobetreated.

D.Livingwitharoommateisreallyawonderfulthing.

E.Havingaroommatesurelyhasitschallenges.

F.Youshouldcorrectyourbadhabitsfirst.

G.Andthesameshouldhappentoyourroommate,ifallgoeswell.

1.    2.    3.    4.    5.    

Ⅲ.语法填空

(2018陕西汉中质检二)

Chinaremainsthedrivingforceforthe 1 (globe)tourismindustry,becausethenumberofoutbound(出境的) Chinesetouristsandtheirspendingpowercontinuestorise,recentdatashowed. 

Changesinthedemographic(客户群) andspendinghabitsofChinese 2 (visitor)couldbenefitdevelopingcountriesinSoutheastAsiaaswellas 3 alongtheBeltandRoadroutes,expertspointedoutonTuesday. 

Inthefirsthalfof2017,totaloutboundtripsfromtheChinesemainland 4 (reach)62.03million,up5percentyearonyear,accordingtothedata 5 (release)byChinaNationalTourismAdministration(CNTA)inAugust. 

 6 therateofexpansionslowedfromabout10percentinrecentyears,itwasstillenoughtohelptheglobaltourismsectorachievestrong 7 (grow). 

AccordingtotheUNWorldTourismOrganization,inthefirsthalfof2017, 8 numberofglobaltouristsreached598million,whichincreasedby6percentonayear-on-year 9 (basic). 

Chinesetravelers 10 (account)forabout10.4percentofthetotal,accordingtotheorganization. 

1.   2.   3.   4.   5.    

6.   7.   8.   9.   10.    

Ⅳ.短文改错

(2018贵州凯里一中高三下学期一模)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

DuringtheChineseNewYear,elderswillgivetheyoungergenerationredpackettoshowtheirblessings.Thoseworkedwillalsogivetheirparentsandgrandparentshongbaostowishhimgood

healthandlonglife.Theyweregivenduringweddingsandbirthdaysaswell,neitherinplaceoforinadditiontopresents.Intheworkplace,employeesmaysometimesreceiveredpacketsasformofappreciationfortheirhardwork,thatareunrelatedtotheannualbonus.Differentblessingsarewrittenonredpacketsfordifferentlyoccasions,sokeepthisinmindwhenyouarebeingshoppingforone.Besides,therearenohardandfastrulesabouthowmanyshouldbeinahongbao.

Ⅴ.书面表达

(2018河北唐山五校4月联考)

假定你是李华,当前在伦敦的孔子学院(Confucius Institute)做志愿者。你的英国朋友Henry对孔子特别感兴趣,请你写封邮件邀请他参观孔子学院,要点如下:

1.简述孔子及中国文化在世界上的影响;

2.告知参观时间:11月6日(本周六)上午8点;

3.介绍参加活动:汉语班, 剪纸, 书法。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

3.参考词汇: 剪纸:paper-cutting 书法:calligraphy

DearHenry,

                                                                              

                                                                              

                                                                              

                                                                              

                                                                              

                                                                              

Yourstruly,

LiHua

词汇

阅读理解 1.enthusiast n.热心者,狂热者 2.solution n.解决办法;答案 3.involvement n.牵连,参与

七选五 pick up on sth.意识到某事

语法填空 1.driving force驱动力;拉动力 2.account for解释;说明……的原因;(数量上,比例上)占

句型

阅读理解 The expensive gift was supposed to be helpful.(be supposed to...应该……)

这个贵重的礼物应该有用。

七选五 Maybe you hate it when someone interrupts you when you are sleeping every morning. (it作形式宾语)

或许每天早晨当你睡觉时你不喜欢别人打扰你。

你的收获

词汇:

 

句型:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

答案全解全析

.阅读理解

[语篇解读] 本文为说明文。文章主要讲述了一种由Ehud Shabtai改装的最新式的导航系统。

1.A 细节理解题。根据第二段中的Shabtai, a coding enthusiast, had an immediate reaction to reinvent.可知,他立刻对GPS进行了改装。故选A项。

2.C 细节理解题。根据第三段中的Unlike traditional navigation apps that simply show directions, Waze asks its users to report accidents and other road conditions in real time, so other users can avoid the traffic by using an alternative route.可知,Waze Mobile 要求使用者随时报道路况,这是与其他传统导航不同的地方。故选C项。

3.D 词义猜测题。根据文章第六段中的he grounded the app in software that could be perpetually updated by users, anywhere and anytime.可知,他要随时随地更新软件,所以可以猜出perpetually意为不断地。故选D项。

4.B 主旨大意题。通读整篇文章可以知道文章主要介绍了一种先进的导航App。故选B项。

.七选五

[语篇解读] 本文为说明文。本文主要介绍了在上大学时和室友交往应该注意的事项。

1.E 根据设空处后的However可知前后两句为转折关系,由此可知答案为E项。

2.B 根据设空处后的“Its not fair to expect him or her to pick up on them right away, and communicating what you need is one of the best ways to get rid of problems before they become problems.”可知,指望室友能立即察觉出你的喜好是不公平的。告知他们你的需要是在问题出现前就把问题解决掉的最佳方法之一,故设空处应选B项。

3.A 本段作者告诫读者在没有得到室友允许的情况下,不能使用对方的东西。由此可见本段的主题是:要尊重室友的东西,故答案为A项。

4.G 设空处前的意思为:在校期间你应该期望学习、成长和变化。设空处后的意思为:你应该意识到,随着这一学期逐渐过去,事情会随你们变化。由此可推出答案为G项。

5.C 根据主题句中的“the golden rule”,再根据设空处后的内容可知答案为C项。

.语法填空

[语篇解读] 中国出境游客数量以及境外消费能力持续增长,这极大地拉动了世界旅游业的发展。

1.global 设空处作定语,修饰旅游业”,故用形容词。global全球的;全世界的。

2.visitors 此处意为中国游客的消费习惯”,根据语境可知visitor用复数形式。

3.those 此处指“‘一带一路沿线的那些国家”,前面提到了东南亚的发展中国家”,故用those

4.reached 根据时间状语In the first half of 2017可知,谓语动词用一般过去时态。

5.released 设空处作后置定语,修饰data,datarelease之间为被动关系,且此处表示完成,故用过去分词作后置定语。

6.Although/Though/While 虽然近些年增长速度有所放缓,但是它仍然足以帮助世界旅游业实现强劲增长。根据语境可知此处引导让步状语从句,although,thoughwhile均可引导让步状语从句。

7.growth 设空处作achieve的宾语,故填名词。growth增加;增长。

8.the the number of...意为“……的数量”,此处意为全球游客的数量达到了5.98亿

9.basis on a...basis为固定短语,故填basisbasis基础;根据。

10.accounted 中国游客大约占全球游客总数的10.4%。结合语境可知,此处叙述的是过去的事情,故谓语动词用过去式。

.短文改错

1.第一句:packet→packets 考查名词的数。the younger generation在此处表示复数意义,故将packet改为packets与之对应。

2.第二句:worked→working 考查非谓语动词。Thosework构成主动关系,故使用现在分词作后置定语。

3.第二句:him→them 考查代词。此处指代上文的their parents and grandparents,故使用代词them

4.第三句:were→are 考查动词的时态。此处介绍客观情况,故使用一般现在时。

5.第三句:neither→either 考查固定搭配。either...or...意为或者……或者……”

6.第四句:form前加a 考查冠词。form为可数名词单数且此处表示泛指,故使用不定冠词a

7.第四句:that→which 考查定语从句。引导非限制性定语从句,在从句中作主语,应使用关系代词which

8.第五句:differently→different 考查形容词。修饰名词occasions应使用形容词different

9.第五句:删掉being 考查动词的时态与语态。youshop构成主动关系,故使用现在进行时的主动语态。

10.第六句:many→much 考查代词。指代金钱用much

.书面表达

One possible version:

Dear Henry, 

I am glad to know that you are keen on Confucius and Chinese culture. Confucius, whose ideas have a great impact on Chinese culture, is considered the greatest ancient educator. As an increasing number of foreigners want to learn Chinese culture, the Confucius Institutes are set up in many foreign countries.

Since I am a volunteer working in the Confucius Institute in London, Id like to invite you to visit it at 8:00 am on Saturday, November 6.

During our visit, we can attend some Chinese classes, which will be followed by some activities such as paper-cutting and Chinese calligraphy.

I sincerely hope that you will accept this invitation. Looking forward to your reply.

Yours truly, 

Li Hua 

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