1. What's the time now?
A.7:40. B.7:20. C.7:30.
2. Where is the conversation probably taking place?
A. At the airport. B. At the store. C. At home.
3. What is the man going to do?
A. Go to see the movie. B. Visit Susanna. C. Do his own business.
4. What's the relationship between the man and the woman?
A. Customer and bank clerk. B. Employee and manager. C. Pilot and tourist.
5. Who is the woman?
A. A doctor. B. A nurse. C. A patient.
6. Why does the man look terrible?
A. Because he had an accident.
B. Because he was caught in traffic jams.
C Because he was late for his regular train.
7. How will the man go to work next week?
A . He'll use public transportation. B. He’ll drive his car. C. He'll walk.
8 What is the man doing?
A. Asking for information. B. Offering suggestions.
C. Looking for a building.
9. What does Dr Matson look like?
A. He has long brown hair. B.He is short and thin.
C. He wears a moustache.
10. Whom did the woman buy a book for?
A. Veronica. B. Cynthia. C. George.
11. What present did the woman give the twin last year?
A. A book. B. Some lipsticks and a pair of earrings.
C．A bottle of perfume.
12. Why didn't the woman buy Brenda a scarf?
A. The scarf is quite expensive. B. Brenda doesn't like the scarf.
C. Brenda has already had many.
13. What was Paul concerned about?
A. His professor. B. His final exam. C. Going home early.
14. Why did the woman tell Paul not to worry?
A. The average is important. B.Chemistry is not his major.
C. Physics is more important.
15. Why didn't Paul look for his physics grade?
A. It wasn't available. B. He didn't take Physics.
C. Chemistry was worrying him.
16. What did the woman suggest doing?
A. Repeating the class. B. Going home right away. C. Getting some coffee.
17. What does the passage mainly talk about?
A. Problems from teenager alcoholism.
B. The causes of teenager alcoholism.
C. Teenager alcoholism.
18. At what an age range are students easy to get addicted to alcohol?
A. 12-19. B. 15-20. C.10-16.
19 What's the result of alcoholism?
A. Teenagers may have fewer accidents.
B. Teenagers may have a good relationship with other people.
C. Teenagers may lose their interest in many activities and become pessimistic.
20. Which of the following can be concluded from this passage?
A. Teenager alcoholism is a serious problem in the USA.
B. Teenager alcoholism is not a serious problem in the USA.
C. Most parents have set a good example for their kids.
The history of Australian Rules Football
Australian Rules Football is called by many nicknames. Lovers of the game just call it "football" or "footy." When contrasted with other forms of football, it is called "Aussie Rules" or "AFL". AFL stands for Australian Football League, which is the most prestigious league in Australia.
Australia Rules Football was created by Tom Wills in 1858. He wanted to create a sport that would keep cricket players fit through the winter. He began by writing a letter that explained his purpose to a sports magazine. It also called for the creation of a football club. In 1858, Wills and others played an experimental match that was the first game of Australian football. But few details about this match have survived.
On August7,1858, two important events for the game occurred. The Melbourne Football Club was founded. It was one of the world's first football clubs in any code. Also, a famous match between Melbourne Grammar School and Scotch College was played. It was umpired(仲裁)by Tom Wills. A second day of play took place on August 21, and then there was a third and final day on September4. The two schools have competed every year since.
The game is played between two teams of 18 players on an oval that can also be used for cricket. These playing fields can be up to 185m long. This is almost four times the size of fields used in other forms of football.
A point called "a behind" is scored when the ball goes across the line and between a goal post and a behind post. A behind point is also scored if the ball is touched by any body part of either team's member as it passes between the goal posts. A goal is worth six points, and a behind is worth one point.
1. According to paragraph l, all of the following are nicknames for Australian Rules Football EXCEPT _________.
A. soccer B. footy
C. Aussie Rules D. AFL
2. According to the passage, Tom Wills created Australian Rules Football because __________.
A. he liked contributing to sports magazines
B. he wanted to umpire a game between Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College
C. he wanted cricket players to keep healthy during the winter
D. he wanted to join the most prestigious league in Australia
3. The underlined phrase in any code in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _________.
A. of any name B. in any order
C. in any country D. of any style
【答案】1. A 2. C 3. D
推理判断题。根据第一段第二、三两句Lovers of the game just call it "football" or "footy." When contrasted with other forms of football, it is called "Aussie Rules" or "AFL".根据第一段，除soccer外，以下都是澳式足球的别称。故选A。
细节理解题。根据第二段第二句He wanted to would keep cricket players fit through the winter可知，根据这篇文章，汤姆·威尔斯创造了澳式足球规则，因为他想让板球运动员在冬天保持健康，故选C。
词义猜测题。根据第三段中 two important events for the game occurred.和Also, a famous match between Melbourne Grammar School and Scotch College was played.对俱乐部的介绍可知“在任何模式下它是世界上最早的足球俱乐部之一。”可知in any code 与of any style相近，故选D。
【点睛】做词义猜测题时，我们要特别注意熟词生义，切不可脱离语境想当然。在句子或段落中，我们可以利用熟悉的词语，根据语言环境所表示的关系推断生词词义，尤其要重视划线词前后的内容。本题第3小题，根据第三段中two important events for the game occurred.和Also, a famous match between Melbourne Grammar School and Scotch College was played.对俱乐部的介绍可知“在任何模式下它是世界上最早的足球俱乐部之一。”可知in any code 与of any style相近，故选D。
Last month, voters in the second Congressional District in New Orleans, Louisiana , made a historic choice.They elected Anh "Joseph" Cao a Vietnamese-American Republican party member, as their representative. It is the first time in over one hundred years that voters in this area of New Orleans elected a non-democratic Party lawmaker. And, Anh Cao is the first Vietnamese-American to be elected to the United States Congress (议会) .
Anh Cao went through difficult times to get to where he is now. He was born in Saigon in nineteen sixty-seven during the war in Vietnam. In nineteen seventy-five, North Vietnamese troops took control of Saigon. He was separated from his family for many years. Anh Cao lived with his uncle in Indian, then later moved to Houston,Texas.
He decided to work for social justice in a non-religious way. So, he worked as a lawyer in New Orleans.
He joined the Republican Party and became active on local and state political committees. He decided to compete against his local representative in Congress, William Jefferson, who had been in office since nineteen ninety-one. Minister Jefferson's reelection campaign was not helped by federal corruption charges against him.
Mister Cao won the election. That night he said that never in his life did he think he could be a congressman. He said the American dream is alive and well.
4. Which statement according to this news is true?
A. Anh “Joseph” Cao was elected a Vietnamese-American Democratic party member.
B. It is the first time ever that voters in this area of New-Orlearis have elected a non-Democratic Party member
C. The first Vietamese-American elected to the United State Congress is Anh Cao.
D. All the voters in USA made a historic choice.
5. Which description about Anh "Joseph" Cao is true?
A. Anh Cao went through difficult times to get the achievement now.
B. He was born in nineteen sixty-seven. '
C. He was separated from his family for many years.
D. All of the above are right.
6. Which can be inferred from the passage?
A. Anh "Joseph" was born in Vietnam.
B. The lawmakers in this area of New Orleans used to be democratic for over a century.
C. Anh "Joseph" determined to cooperate with William Jefferson.
D. All the Candidates in New Orleans always supported William Jefferson
【答案】4. C 5. D 6. B
推理判断题。根据第一段末句And, Anh Cao is the first Vietnamese-American to be elected to the United States Congress (议会) .可知，第一位当选为美国国会议员的越南裔美国人是Anh Cao。故选C。
推理判断题。从第二段首句Anh Cao went through difficult times to get to where he is now.可知A选项正确；第二段第二句He was born in Saigon in nineteen sixty-seven during the war in Vietnam.可知B选项表述无误；根据第二段第4、5 He was separated from his family for many years. Anh Cao lived with his uncle in Indian, then later moved to Houston,Texas.两句可知C选项正确。故选D。
推理判断题。根据第一段第三句It is the first time in over one hundred years that voters in this area of New Orleans elected a non-democratic Party lawmaker.可知B项正确。A选项尽管表述正确，但是不属于infer，直接可知晓内容；根据第四段第二句He decided to compete against his local representative in Congress可知，C描述中cooperate with与compete against完全相反；D错在频度副词always,以偏概全。故选B。
The first organized system for sending messages began in Egypt around 1500 B.C. This system developed because the pharaohs frequently needed to send messages up and down the Nile River in order to keep their empire running smoothly. Later, the Persians developed a more efficient system for sending messages using men and horses. Messages carriers rode along the road system stretching from one end of the Persian Empire to the other. Along these roads, fresh men and horses waited at special stations to take and pass along any messages that needed to be sent. The stations where riders passed messages back and forth were built 23 kilometers apart, so the men and horses were able to travel quickly between them. The Romans later took up his idea and improved it by using a more advanced and extensive road system.
In China, however, Kublai Khan had built up his own system for delivering messages. This system worked in the same basic way as the Roman system. The difference was that Kublai Khan kept 300,000 horses along the roads of this delivery lines. There were over 10,000 stations where a message would be passed from one rider to another with a fresh horse. In this way, Kublai Khan could receive messages from anywhere in the country in only a few days.
It was not until the 1500s that a well-organized postal system appeared again in Europe. One family, the von Taxis family, gained the right to deliver mail for the Holy Roman Empire and parts of Spain. This family continued to carry mail, both government and private, throughout Europe for almost 300 years.
In 1653, a Frenchman, Renouard de Velayer, established a system for delivering post in Paris. Postal charges at that time were paid by the recipient , but de Velayer's system was unique by allowing the sender to pre-pay the charges, in a similar way to the modern stamp. Unfortunately, de Velayer's system came to an end when jealous competitors put live mice in his letter boxes, ruining his business. Eventually, government-controlled postal systems took over from private postal businesses, and by the 1700s government ownership of most postal systems in Europe was an accepted fact of life.
The thing that all these early systems had in common was that they were quite expensive for public use, and were intended for use by the government and the wealthy. However, in 1840, a British schoolteacher named Roland Hill suggested introducing postage stamps, and a postal rate based on weight. This resulted in lowering postal rates, encouraging more people to use the system to stay in touch with each other, His idea helped the British postal system begin to earn profits as early as 1850. Soon after that many other countries took up Mr. Hill's idea. And letter writing became accessible to anyone who could write. Today, the Roland Hill awards are given each year to "encourage and reward fresh ideas which help promote philately" (stamp collecting).
7. What is the main topic of the passage?
A. How international letters travel. B. A surprising method for delivering mail.
C. The history of postal systems. D. Changes in the methods of communication.
8. Which of the following statements about Renouard de Velayer is true?
A. His was a government-controlled system.
B. His competitors destroyed his business.
C. His system lasted for hundreds of years.
D. In his system, the person who received the letter paid the postage fees.
9. Which of the systems mentioned in the passage was most like the postal system today?
A. Egyptian. B. Chinese.
C. de Velayer's. D. von Taxis's.
10. What was Roland Hill's greatest achievement?
A. He made letter writing accessible to the average person.
B. He made a lot of money for the British postal system.
C. He made stamp collecting a popular hobby.
D. He won an award for letter writing.
【答案】7. C 8. B 9. C 10. A
推理判断题。第四段的第三句Unfortunately, de Velayer's system came to an end when jealous competitors put live mice in his letter boxes, ruining his business.可知他对手把活老鼠放入信箱导致他生意失败。故选B。
推理判断题。根据第四段第二句in a similar way to the modern stamp可知，文章中提到的de Velayer's系统最像今天的邮政系统。故选C。
细节理解题。根据第五段第五句became accessible to anyone who could write可知，罗兰·希尔最大成就是他使一般人都能写信。故选A。
【点睛】推理判断题要求在理解原文表面文字信息的基础上，做出一定的推理判断，从而得到文章的隐含意义和深层意义。推理判断题所涉及的内容可能是文中的某一句话，也可能是某几句话，所以，推理题的答案只能是根据原文表面文字信息一步推出的答案：即对原文某一句话或某几句话所作的同义改写或综合。推理判断题的题干中通常含infer,suggest,imply,conclude indicate等标志性词语。本题第2小题，第四段的第三句Unfortunately, de Velayer's system came to an end when jealous competitors put live mice in his letter boxes, ruining his business.可知他对手把活老鼠放入信箱导致他生意失败。故选B。
How to Plan a Holiday Trip
___11___ Whether it's to grandma's house, a family reunion or simply a holiday getaway, these yearly road trips can often be the source of dread and stress. The thought of being trapped in the car with restless children or the possibility of car trouble along the way is enough to make anyone consider staying home. ___12___
Plan out the route for your car trip. If you're planning on driving to your holiday destination, a little planning can help make your trip easy and uneventful. _____13_____ Remember, it's likely that you won't be the only person on the road during the holidays, and traffic is always a factor. Alternate routes or shortcuts can help reduce time spent in traffic jams and get you to your destination sooner. This information can also come in handy in case of road construction or other situations that might block your primary route.
___14___ Although traveling by air can be quick and convenient, it can also be much more expensive. Start planning your trip early to take advantage of advance purchase discounts and avoid sold out flights. Many airlines become extremely busy during the holidays so booking in advance can also help ensure that you get the flights that you want. High traffic destinations such as New York, Los Angeles or Atlanta can be extremely crowded during the holidays. If you have the option, consider booking your flight to a nearby airport and renting a car for the short drive to your destination.
Consider your luggage needs. If you're traveling by car, the issue of luggage is only important with regards to the amount of room needed. Before you begin packing, think about how many people will be in your vehicle and how much room they will need to travel comfortably. This could affect the number of bags that you can take along. _____15_____ Not only is the possibility of lost luggage an issue, but most airlines now charge extra for checked baggage.
For a family of four, carrying a few bags each could result in several hundred dollars worth of baggage fees during your trip. Try to pack as lightly as possible.
A. As an alternative to driving or flying, check into the possibility of traveling by train.
B. Plan your trip to avoid peak travel times.
C. Luckily, with a little planning, these situations can be avoided.
D. Book airline tickets.
E. Each year, millions of people load up the family car and set out on a holiday trip,
F. For traveling by air, the number of bags that you take is a much bigger concern.
G. Consider your starting point and desired destination, and investigate several possible routes.
【答案】11. E 12. C
13. G 14. D
根据3空后面的Remember，it's likely that you won't be the only person on the road during the holidays,和Alternate routes or shortcuts can help reduce time spent in traffic jams and get you to your destination sooner. 因此启程去目的地前应多设计几条可行的出行方式。故选G。
根据本段中advance purchase discounts and avoid sold out flights. 可知此处是对第三段大意的总述，“关于订机票”，故选D。
My father was a highly educated, intelligent gentleman. He could debate or discuss for ___16___on almost any topic and hold your attention in the process. I thought there was ____17____ he wasn't able to do.
A few days ____18____ my younger brother's 7th birthday, Dad planned to put together a shiny new ____19____ as a special birthday surprise. After nearly an hour of ____20____ the instructions, Dad was still unable to put the new bike together. Later he folded up the paper of instructions, ____21____ his tool box, and decided to take the bike back to the local toy store and pay extra money to have it ____22____ assembled(组装) there. Then, a(n) ____23____ came to him, as he called out to Lovett, the quiet little man who mowed our grassland.
"Lovett, have you ever assembled a boy's bicycle?" As Lovett walked towards the bike, Dad handed him the paper of instructions. Lovett handed it _____24_____ to him, saying, " No, thanks. I can't read. When you can't read, you have to ____25____." Less than 15 minutes later, the new bicycle was fully assembled, with no spare parts ____26____. Dad shook Lovett's hand , patted him on the back, thanked him and hid the bike.
On the night after my brother ____27____ his simly new gift. Dad announced at the family dinner table ____28____ had happened several days earlier. He took great delight in telling it ___29___ ---he used it as an example of thinking.
He did not ____30____ illiteracy (文盲) , but strongly taught us to use our ____31____. The joke was on my father, ____32____ he was able to turn it into a learning tool, and I liked him even ___33___ after the incident. I also gained a respect for Lovett. To me he had always been the old yard man who didn't say much, but after that day, he seemed to smile ____34____ , even walk taller. It's amazing what a real nod of ____35____ can do to lift people up.
16. A. minutes B. seconds C. hours D. years
17. A. nothing B. everything C. something D. one thing
18. A. after B. ago C. before D. during
19. A. toy B. car C. vehicle D. bike
20. A. writing B. reading C. hearing D. explaining
21. A. took up B. picked up C. held up D. gave up
22. A. simply B. deliberately C. evidently D. correctly
23. A. plot B. scene C. idea D. story
24. A. back B. in C. out D. down
25. A. quit B. stop C. argue D. think
26. A. remaining B. remained C. spotted D. losing
27. A. designed B. bought C. decorated D. received
28. A. what B. that C. which D. why
29. A. once in a while B. in no time C. from then on D. again and again
30. A. refer to B. apply to C. rely on D. spy on
31. A. hands B. heads C. mouths D. feet
32. A. or B. and C. but D. because
33. A. less B. worse C. more D. much
34. A. larger B. happier C. luckier D. broader
35. A. approval B. achievement C. judgment D. comfort
【答案】16. C 17. A 18. C 19. D 20. B 21. B 22. D 23. C 24. A 25. D 26. B 27. D 28. A 29. D 30. A 31. B 32. C 33. C 34. D 35. A
考查名词。A. minutes分钟；B. seconds秒；C. hours小时；D. years年。父亲受过良好教育，健谈，能谈论几小时。故选C。
考查不定代词。A. nothing什么也没有；B. everything每件事情；C. something某事；D. one thing一件事。在我眼里父亲是能人，无所不晓，故选A。
考查状语从句。A. after在……之后；B. ago 以前；C. before在……之前；D. during在……期间。弟弟生日前，父亲计划安装一辆自行车。此处是状语从句，需用连词引导，B是副词。故选C.
考查名词。A. toy玩具；B. car小汽车；C. vehicle交通工具；D. bike自行车。根据上下文可知，买的的是自行车，故选D。
考查动词。A. writing写；B. reading阅读；C. hearing听见；D. explaining解释。此处指读自行车的组装说明书，根据下文第三段Lovett说的话I can't read．When you can't read，you故选B。
考查动词词组。A. took up拿起，接受；B. picked up拾起，捡起；C. held up举起，提出；D. gave up放弃。根据该句意思为折叠好说明书，收拾工具箱，选项中只有pick up有此意，故选B。
考查副词。A. simply仅仅，只是；B. deliberately故意地；C. evidently明显地；D. correctly正确地。根据上句，父亲没能正确安装自行车，请别人帮忙。故选D。
考查名词。 A. plot情节；B. scene场面，情景；C. idea主意；D. story故事。父亲突然想到一个主意，故选C。
考查动词。A. quit放弃； B. stop停止；C. argue辩论；D. think想，思考。Lovett说因为不识字不能读懂说明书，所以必须得思考才能解决问题，故选D。
考查动词。 A. remaining剩下的；B. remained 保持，剩余，留下；C. spotted发现；D. losing丢失。此处考察非谓语动词用法，因为安装完全正确，故没有零部件剩余。故选B。
考查动词。A. designed设计；B. bought买；C. decorated装饰；D. received收到。根据上下文，指弟弟收到了自行车，故选D。
考查词组。A. once in a while偶尔，有时；B. in no time立刻，很快；C. from then on 从那时起；D. again and again再三地，反复地。父亲想把这个做为一个思考的例子让我们能深刻明白，因此重复说起此事，故选D。
考查动词词组。A. refer to提到，谈到，涉及到；B. apply to适用于；C. rely on依赖；D. spy on暗中监视，侦查。他没有刻意提及Lovett不识字，故选A。
考查名词。A. hands手；B. heads头；C. mouths嘴；D. feet脚。父亲着力强调用脑思考的重要性，use one's head“动脑子”为固定搭配，故选B。
考查并列连词。 A. or或者，否则；B. and和； C. but但是；D. because因为。句意：这个笑话是开给我父亲的，但他能够把它变成一个学习工具。此处考查上下文逻辑结构，表转折，故选C。
考查副词比较级。A. less更少；B. worse更差；C. more更多；D. much非常。经历此事后，作者对父亲的喜欢更多，更加喜欢父亲，因为父亲善于引例的睿智。故选C。
考查形容词比较级。A. larger更大；B. happier更幸福；C. luckier更幸运；D. broader更宽广的。此处考查形容词用法。从那以后，作者对Lovett更加尊敬，所以Lovett笑地更加开怀，开心。故选D。
考查名词。 A. approval认可，赞成；B. achievement成就；C. judgment判断；D. comfort舒适。因为对人们的认可（a nod of approval），会更加鼓舞人们。故选A。
【点睛】在做完形填空时一定要注意and/but/so/besides/however/furthermore/moreover/in addition/what’s more/though等词汇、固定结构的运用。它们连接了上下文，起着承上起下的作用。像but（但是）、however（然而），表示转折，这说明前后的内容相反或相对。把握住这一点，做起题来就会得心应手。本题第17小题，此处考查上下文逻辑结构，表转折，故选C。
Miners have dangerous jobs because occasionally the earth sinks or falls apart. When this happens, miners are ________36________(trap) underground. They are buried _________37_________ they don't have air to breathe, food to eat, and water to drink, they will die. They _________38_________ not go without any of these things for long, but the first is the most important. ____39____is difficult to figure out where miners are and reach them in time. Trapped miners dream of ________40________ (be) free and don't give up.
In August 2010, 33 miners _______41_______ (go) to work in a mine in Chile, All of a sudden, a wall broke apart and rocks and dirt filled _______42_______ mine's exit. At first,people thought all the miners died. _______43_______ , after working for 17 days, people at the surface learned the miners were still alive. ______44______, people on the surface figured out where the miners were and dug a _________45_________to send them food and water.
37. If 38. can
39. It 40. being
41. went 42. the
考查动名词作宾语。of是介词，后加动名词。dream of dong sth.“梦想着做某事”，故答案为being。
考查时态。根据In August 2010可知句子用一般过去时态，故答案为went。
Dear Sir or Madam:
I bought a 37-inch TV set for $ 400 in your store on 15th of this month. A sales girl named Mary served me and recommended this brand.
【答案】Dear Sir or Madam:
I bought a 37-inch TV set for $ 400 in your store on 15th of this month. A sales girl named Mary served me and recommended this brand. She said its quality is good.
But only three days after I bought the TV, I began to find something wrong with it. First, the images is not good and sometimes, there is no image at all. Then, only after turning it on for about half an hour do I find the TV set very hot.
I want to exchange this one for another or have my money back. Here is the copy of the receipt and you can call me. My phone number is: 571-8642.
第2步：根据写作要求，确定关键词（组），如：A sales girl named Mary（一个叫玛丽的销售女孩）；recommended this brand.（推荐这种牌子）；exchange this one for another（把这一个交换成另一个）等。
【点睛】本文内容完整，语言规范，语篇连贯，词数适当。另外全文中没有中国式英语的句式，显示了很高的驾驭英语的能力。同时句中使用高级句子。A sales girl named Mary served me and recommended this brand.过去分词作后置定语；But only three days after I bought the TV, I began to find something wrong with it.句中使用after引导的时间状语从句；only after turning it on for about half an hour do I find the TV set very hot.句中使用部分倒装。
47.When a rather dirty, poorly-dressed person kneels at your feet and puts out his hands to beg for a few coins, do you hurry on, not knowing what to do, or do you feel sad and hurriedly hand over some money? What should our attitude to beggars be? There can't be no question that the world is full of terrible sad stories. It must be terrible to have no idea where our next meal is coming from. It seems cruel not to give some money to beggars.
Certainly, most of the world's great religions order us to be open-hearted and share what we have with those less fortunate than ourselves. But has the world changed? Maybe what was morally right in the old days, when one knew exactly who in the village had suffered misfortune and needed help, is no longer the best idea. Quite a few people will not give to beggars. Let us look at their arguments.
First, some believe that many city beggars dress up on purpose to look pitiable and actually make a good living from begging. Giving to beggars only encourages this sort of evils. Secondly, there is the worry that the money you give will be spent on beer, wine or drugs. Thirdly, there is the opinion that there is no real excuse for begging. One might be poor, but that is no reason for losing one's sense of pride and self-dependence.
Related to this is the opinion that the problem should be dealt with by the government rather than ordinary people. Some people think beggars should go to the local government department and receive help.
It is hard to come to a conclusion; there arc various cases and we must deal with them differently. A few coins can save a life in some situations, and even if the money is wasted, that does not take away the moral goodness of the giver.
【答案】In old times people thought it was morally right to help the less fortunate, but today many choose not to give beggars money. They think some beggars make a good living from begging or they worry the money given will be misused. Besides, it's the government's duty to deal with the problem. However, different cases call for different solutions. And we should recognize the giver's goodness.
【点睛】文章概括性强，内容全面，层次分明，结构严谨。In old times people thought it was morally right to help the less fortunate, but today many choose not to give beggars money.句中使用宾语从句；they worry the money given will be misused.一般将来时态的被动语态用在句中；it's the government's duty to deal with the problem.句中it做形式主语，真正的主语是动词不定式；另外，Besides, However,的运用为文章增色添彩。