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高中英语 语法专题复习 :虚拟语气

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高中英语 语法专题复习 :虚拟语气01
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;语

 

虚拟吧!

 

123

 

 

 

1(if,should/were/had首)

 

(1).If+S.+did/weresth.,S.+would/could/should+do

 

IfIhadtime,Iwouldattendthemeeting.

 

IfIwereyou,Iwouldseizethechancetogoabroad.

 

(2)If+S.+had+p.p,S.+would/could/shouldhave+p.p

 

Ifyouhadtakenmyadvice,youwouldnothavefailedintheexam.(3)

If+S.+did/were/shoulddo/weretodo,S+would/should/coulddosth.Ifyoucametomorrow,wewouldhavethemeeting.

Ifitweretoraintomorrow,thesportsmeetingwouldbeputoff.

 

Ifheshouldnotcometomorrow,weshouldputoffthemeetingtillnextday.Hadwemadegoodpreparations,wemighthavesucceeded.

Haditnotrained,wewouldhavegoneoutforawalk.

 

WereIyou,Iwouldnotdosuchathing.

 

 

 

2 

 

1)不Ifhehadlistenedtome,hewouldnotbeintroublenow.

 

Ifhehadtoldmeyesterday,Ishouldknowwhattodonow.xk-w

 

(2)

 

Hecouldhavepassedtheexam,buthewasntcarefulenough.Youshouldhavecomeearlier,thebusleftamomentago.


3

 

(1).suggest,advise,recommend,propose,order,command,request,require,demand+thatclause

 

(shoulddo/do)

 

Hesuggestedthatwe(should)savemoneyforthefuture.(insist断)

 

(2)Itissuggested/advised/ordered/requested/requiredthatclause(shoulddo/do)()(3)Myadvice/suggestion/request/requirementisthat-clause(shoulddo/do)句)

Hissuggestion/advice/request/requirementthatclause(shoulddo/do)is..(4)Itisnatural/necessary/strangethat-clause(shoulddo/do)怀等。

Itsstrangethatheshouldhavemissedthetrain.Itisimportantthatweshouldlearnfromothers.Itisapitythatheshouldnotgowithus.()

5wish+thatclause(did/were)

 

wish+thatclause(would/could/might+do反)

 

wish+thatclause(haddone)IwishIcouldgowiththemtomorrow.

IwishIhadnevermethim.

 

(6)Itis(high/about)time+clause(did,shoulddo)Itis(high/about)timewewenthome.

(7)wouldrather+clause(did)haddone反)

 

Iwouldratheryoucametomorrow.Iwouldratheryouhadnttoldherthenews.(8)Ifonly+clause(did/were反)((would/could/might+do反)(haddone反)“要

Ifonlyhewouldcometomorrow!IfonlyIhadtakenheradvice!IfonlyIweretenyearsyounger!

(9)asif+clause(did/were)(would/could/might+do)(haddone反)

ShetreatsKateasifshewereherowndaughter.Theytalkedasiftheyhadbeenfriendsforyears.(10)wouldlike/was/weretohavedonesomething


Iwouldliketohaveattendedtheparty,butoneofmyfriendscametoseeme.

 

(11)without/butfor+n.=ifitwerenotfor+n./ifithadn’tbeenfor+n.(otherwise后从)

Iwouldnothavepassedtheexamwithoutyourhelp.(=ifithadn’tbeenforyourhelp)

 

4

 

定语

 

中。A语气、形、命,与从句(主

1

 

Itis+-ed形式+that...-edshould+(美should)。

①表

 

Itisimportantthatwe(should)workoutastudyplan.Itwillbebetterthatwe(should)meetsomeothertime.

Itissuggestedthateachstudent(should)singasonginEnglish.

Itisdemandedthatheshouldleaveatonce.开。

 

②表惊讶

 

Itisstrangethatheshouldhavefailedtoseehisownshortcomings.

ItisapityshamethatIshouldbeatschoolinsteadoflyinghereinhospital.我应

Itisnaturalthatyoushouldforgetitfirst.xk.w

 

important,necessary,urgent,essential,vital,natural,strange,proper-edarranged,suggested,ordered,required,desired,demanded,proposed


Itisnecessarythattheprogram(should)beloadedintothecomputer.Itisstrangethatheshouldhavelearnedsomuchinsuchashorttime.此短西

Itisdesiredthatwe(should)geteverythingreadybytonight.

 

2should+insist

order,commandsuggest,advise,proposedemand,require,ask,desire

①在suggest,order(),propose(),insist,command()request

 

),adviseshould+shouldTheexaminationinstructoraskedthatthestudents(should)notuseacalculator.使

Theworkersdemandedthattheirwages(should)beraisedby10percent.分之

Theyrequestedthathe(should)singasong.歌。

动词suggestinsist

 

suggest”解使”解

 

Hissilencesuggestedthatheagreedwithmydecision.示)HesuggestedthatI(should)sticktomydecision.议)

insist”解”解

 

Heinsiststhatdoingmorningexercisesdoesgoodtopeople'shealth.

Heinsiststhathe(should)domorningexerciseseveryday.

 

②在wish望。weredid愿望

IwishIwereabird.


IwishIknewtheanswer.haddone愿望

Iwishshehadtakenmyadvice.IwishthatIhadseenheryesterday.她。wouldcoulddo

Iwishyouwouldstayanhourlonger.Iwishitcouldstopraining.停。

 

由于wishhope使wish“但hope“希气。

Thestudentshopethattheirfootballteamwillwinthegame.胜。(可现)

IwishIcouldseehimnow.现)

 

3should+

Myadviceisthatyou(should)practisespeakingEnglishasoftenaspossible.

Thedemandisthatthecomposition(should)bewrittenononesideonly.单面

Itismydesirethatallthemembersofthefamily(should)gatheronceayear.是所次。

Thesuggestionthateducation(should)bereformedisreasonable.

的有

 

advice建议demand要求desire愿望decision决定


idea意见motion提议order命令proposal提议

requirement要求request请求regulation规章suggestion建议

B

 

①方从句

 

asifasthough表示

a.

 

Theteachertreatsthepupilasifhewereherownchild.子)

b.

 

Ifeltasthoughwehadknowneachotherforyears.有认年)

c.,用wouldmightcouldxk/w

 

Itlooksasifitmightrain.雨)

Helooksasifheisyoung.

 

Helooksasifhewereyoung.

 

②目从句

 

a.incase,lest,forfearthatshould+示忧

PleaseremindmeofitagaintomorrowincaseI(should)forget.以免记。

Sheemphasizeditagainandagain,lesthe(should)forget.记。Wehadameetingandtalkedthematteroverfacetofaceforfearthatthere


shouldbeanymisunderstanding.会.

b.inorderthatsothat往用can(could)may(might)

 

IshallwritedownyourtelephonenumbersothatImaynotforget.

Theyworkedharderthanusualinorderthattheycouldfinishtheworkaheadoftime.

Wewilltellyouthetruthsothatyoucanjudgeforyourself.使

③让从句语动

Thoughhe(should)fail,therewouldstillbehope.使线望。Ishouldsaythesamethingevenifhewerehere.使

Whetherhe(should)succeedorfail,weshallhavetodoourpart.

Howeverharditmightrainrains,weshallgotheretogether.

Nomatterwhathissocialposition(might)be,amanisequalintheeyeofthelaw.人不的。

C

 

Itis(high)time(that)...“到时间

Itistimethatthechildrenwenttobed.Itishightimethatwebeganthemeeting.

 

 

 

 

 

练】

 

2017·卷】DoyouhaveBetty’sphonenumber?

 


Yes.Otherwise,I      


abletoreachheryesterday.


A.hadntbeen B.wouldnthavebeen C.weren’t D.wouldntbe

B

 

析】

 

 

 

 

2016·Hadthegovernmentsandscientistsnotworkedtogether,AIDS-relateddeaths

 

     sincetheirhighestin2005.

 

A.hadnotfallen B.wouldnotfall

 

C.didnotfall D.wouldnothavefallen

 

D

 

析】

 

 

 

2015·7.Withouthiswartimeexperiences,Hemingway  hisfamousnovelAFarewellto

 

Arms.

 

A.didn’twrite B.hadn’twritten

 

C.wouldntwrite D.wouldnthavewritten

D

 

析】

 

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