2019年中考英语二轮题型专练:短文语法—首字母—综合填空精选(一)含答案

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2019年中考英语二轮题型专练:短文语法—首字母—综合填空精选(一)含答案

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2019年中考英语二轮题型专练:短文语法—首字母—综合填空精选(一)含答案 本精品共32篇短文,有的有解析,精选有2019年的练习题,也精选有2017年和2016年的练习题,字体大小统一为五号,行距统一,排版非常工整。 第一段 A 根据首字母提示,完成短文。 (2019中考选练) To me, music is food and water. W_1_ _ music, I can't live happily, or I will feel sad in life. I know this is not true for everybody. Many of you don't go to concerts (音乐会) or listen to music records, and you get quite along well. But music is everywhere in our life. 2 example, when you watch films or TV plays, do you find them in 3 if there is no music? You would find them boring. And when you are w__4 __ for the train or the plane, you would like a piece of music b__5_ _it makes the time seem shorter. It is true that music is everywhere in our life. Some people like to sit by the sea and listen to the sound of the sea. Some enjoy l__6_ __ to the singing of the birds. Those sounds are some k__7 ___ of music. So music has meaning for everyone in some way or other. Of course, it has special meaning for people l___8_ __ me. We spend our lives playing or writing music. Someone said, "T___9___ music a child goes into a world of beauty, learns to take c___10___ of others and makes his mind and body strong." Music is an important part of our lives. B (2017中考选练) Betty was a new student in my class. She was really little for her age of 12. The boys in 1. m class often laughed at her. She would open a book, pretending to 2. r , with tears dropping on the open page. I looked at this tiny girl and decided to 3. h her. But how could I do that? One day, when I went into the classroom, I got a 4. c . I saw a picture of a train on her desk. And she was making a copy carefully. It was perfect! I was surprised and thought that she could do something in the coming talent show. So, I took Betty to see the art teacher, Miss Parker, and showed the picture that was 5. d by Betty. “Wow, it’s wonderful, ” said Miss Parker. Then she showed us a poster she had painted 6. f the talent show.“I need more of these, but I just don’t have enough 7. t . You draw so well and even 8. b than me. Could you help me, Betty?” On the day of the talent show, Betty’s posters were everywhere —all over the hall and all over the school, and each one is 9. d . “And finally, ” said Mr Brown, the schoolmaster, at the end of the show, “we have an unusual 10. p . I’m sure you’ve all noticed the wonderful posters.” Everyone nodded. “One of our own students painted them.” C (2016中考选练) 在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给。 Ronaldo was born on September 22,1976. He loved football at a very young(1)a .When he was four,his father gave him a football(2)a Christmas present. From then on,he played with it every day. At the age of 14,he gave up school to be a real football(3)p .Ronaldo began to(4)p for Cruzeiro,a football club,on May 25,1993. Ronaldo has been named World Soccer Magazine’s Player of the year after his success for Brazil in the 2002 World Cup. He(5)g eight goals in the World Cup. It was the most since West Germany’s Gerd Mueller scored ten in 1970.(6)U ,one of his knees was badly(7)h ,so he had to stop to(8)h a good rest for about a year. What a pity! But when he restarted his career(事业),he did as wonderfully as before. He loves football and regards it as his life. He will never give up(9)u he can’t play any more. Ronaldo was supported by more than 26 percent of all football fans. He has(10)w the FIFA(国际足联)prize three times. He is now a real star for the young football fans. D (2016中考选练) 阅读下面短文,并借助上下文和插图补充所缺信息。每个空只能填写一个意义相符、形式正确的单词。 The wild goose(鹅) and the duck are good ___1___. Now they are learning how to fly together in a school. The wild ____2_____ flies very hard and soon she can fly very high and well. But the duck doesn’t do that. He is very ____3____.He likes eating and playing better ___4____ flying. Of course he can’t fly a month later. Then ___5_____ is coming, and the wild goose decides to go to the south, because it’s very cold here. But the duck still can’t fly. So the duck asks the goose to _____6____him on her back. On the ____7____ to the south, the duck saw lots of beautiful things and he was so ____8______ that he jumped off the wild goose’s back. Then he ____9_____ into the river. The goose wasn’t ____10_____ enough to save him. So up to now, the duck had to live on the water. 第二段 A 语法填空;阅读短文,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。 (2019中考选练) Hello! My name is Tom. I’m glad to tell you I ___1____ a good friend called Tim. We have many things in ___2___. We both have a lot of good habits. We both like exercising and reading books. After school, you can always see us play basketball on the playground. We also like collecting all kinds of cards. That’s interesting. On weekends, we often spend some time doing our homework and ____3___(discuss) the problems on our studies. Sometimes, we play computer games together. It’s a good way to relax. We often help each other. We can both ___4__ good grades. We share everything we have. ___5____, in some ways we are different. He is __6___ outgoing and I’m much ____7_____(funny). He can play the piano well. He likes painting, too. How talented he is! I still remembered ____8____(clear) he joined the school talent shows in the last Art Festival. He got a very good prize. Last summer vacation, we ____9____ (plan) a trip to Hangzhou. The same hobbies and healthy lifestyle make us keep friendship forever! And I think friends are like books--- you don’t need a lot of them as __10____ as they’re good. B (2017中考选练)(故事类) Last fall I walked with a friend in my hometown. He was 1. r as the most stupid one among my childhood playmates, but he has been number one in an enterprise now. When we came to a crossing, a blind man walked from another direction. Testing the road with his bamboo pole, the blind was walking very 2. s towards the road we were going in. I chatted with my friend as we were 3. w . I talked about my five job-hoppings(跳槽) within two years and the experiences I was still going 4. t in the plight(困境) then. My friend nodded and smiled, but he 5. k silent all along. After a while, I occasionally looked back and found the blind man had disappeared. “Where is the blind man?” I shouted out. “He has walked so far!” said my friend with a smile. “How can a blind man walk much 6. f than us? It’s strange!” I said. “Why impossible? We look in all 7. d and walk half-heartedly while he is walking whole-heartedly.” said my friend. Hearing this, I was 8. s . What a simple 9. t ! Just think, if I had learned a little spirit of the blind man walking, how could I be down and out now? Although the scene has passed for one year, what my 10. f said keeps lingering(挥之不去) in my ears. C (2016中考选练) 通读下面的对话,掌握其大意,然后在空白处填入适当的单词(首字母已给出),使对话意思完整。 D—Li Ming’s dad M—Li Ming’s mum D: (1)W_________ is Li Ming? M: He is in his bedroom, playing Chinese chess(2)w_________ Liu Jun. D: I think it will be a (3)p_________ if he spends more time on playing Chinese chess (4)t_________ on his schoolwork. M: But it’s a shame to stop him if he’s able to play (5)w_________. Why don’t you warn him (6)a_________ spending too much time on Chinese chess, or (7)s_________ him to a Chinese chess school? Perhaps he can be a good (8)p_________ player. D: I (9)t_________ he’ll refuse to go. He only plays for fun. M: No, he (10)w_________. He loves it very much. I think he will try his best to learn at a Chinese chess school. D (2016中考选练) 根据所给汉语或英语首字母写出短文中所缺英语单词的正确形式。 Last week, my friends and I talked about the rules in our school. Here are some of our ideas. At our school, we have to wear uniforms every (1)d______. The problem is that all my classmates think the uniforms are (2)丑的______.We think young people should (3)l______ smart and so we would like to wear our own clothes. Our teachers believe that if we did that, we would concentrate more on our clothes than our studies. We don’t(4)同意________.We would feel more comfortable and that is (5)g______ for studying. If we can’t do that, we should be(6)允许__________to design our own uniforms. That would be a good way to keep both teachers and (7)学生___________ happy. Besides, vacations should be longer. At present they’re too(8)s______. Longer vacations would give us time to do things like volunteering. Last summer I had a(n) (9)机会_________ to volunteer at the local hospital,(10)b________ I couldn’t because I had to go back to school. 第三段 A 短文填空 根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词。 (2019中考选练) Fears are something we all have. You need to face your fears and to get over them. However, it’s easier said than d_____1____. Running away from your fears doesn’t make them leave. It just makes them b_____2______ than ever. We’re never going to be completely fearless of everything we do, but we can at l____3_______ be more fearless and confident. What are the fears that scare(吓唬) you much? Check w______4_____ they are and get them out in the open. Are they things like height or snakes? Are you a_____5______ to talk to girls or boys? Are you so shy that you are fearing to say the wrong things? These are common fears that i______6_____ your daily lives. Before you can f______7_____ them, you need to learn more about what makes you fearful of these situations. Communicating your fear is one way. Other people may be able to realize your anxiety(焦虑) b____8______ they know something you don’t.It could be from past experience, something that you could never forget and has made you fearful since then. To face fears, you have to believe in something. It’s a very healthy way of letting you feel as if nothing can go w___9_____. When you feel that way, you may be able to think differently about your f____10___. You will be able to believe that everything will be okay. Everything does end up being okay. B (2017中考选练) (来自2016中考模拟题)短文填空。 阅读下面短文,并借助上下文和插图补充所缺信息。每个空只能填写一个意义相符、形式正确的单词。并将答案填写在答题卡相应题目的答题位置上。 In a primary school, a teacher asked her students what they wished to become when they 1.___________ up. There were several 2.___________: a doctor, a teacher, a film-star and so on. One of the students gave a 3.___________ answer. This child said, “I want to be a television!” The teacher asked the child 4. ___________ he had such a wish. He said, with his eyes full 5.___________ tears (眼泪), “There is no one at home to watch me or care for me. Everyone sits around the television. If there is 6.____________ wrong with the TV, they give great attention to it and fix it at once.” The loving teacher met the child's mother and talked about this with her. The mother said, “My husband is a very busy businessman. He 7. ___________ has time to look after the child.” “But what about you?” the teacher asked the mother. “What do you know about me? I am 8.____________ head of the women's club. I have so many meetings and activities.” The teacher now understood why the child 9. ____________ lonely at home. “I think children want their parents to 10._____________ more time with them.” said the teacher. C (2016中考选练) 在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给。 Now students’ English handwriting (书法)gets worse and worse. That makes their teachers feel w__1__. Is your English handwriting beautiful? If not, here are four steps that really work! ◆Use paper with lines Using paper with lines can keep you writing straight instead of up or down when you write English words or sentences. Those lines on the paper can help you to write words in the r__2__ size. Be sure to fill the lined space completely. And make sure those capital letters (大写字母) are written properly. ◆Slow down If your writing is hard to read, try slowing down a little. For some kids, going slower makes the handwriting clear. If you write too fast, it’s hard for you to stop where you should, and even w__3__, you may make more mistakes. ◆Hold your pencil right When you hold your pencil in a correct way, writing is much easier. Some kids press down really hard when they write. That makes the handwriting not nice. Try to be relaxed and don’t hold the pencil so hard. Let your writing appear nice and clean. If you do so, people will guess you are a student with a good h___4 _. ◆Draw more pictures Drawing can improve your handwriting. You need to use the skills to c__ 5__ your pencil better when you are drawing pictures. Even though you have no chance to draw at school, you can practice by y__6___ at home. Handwriting is very important. Imagine you are a world-famous movie star or a well-known sports player, what do you do when your f__7__ run up to you? Give them your autographs(亲笔签名), of course. D (2016中考选练) 根据短文内容和首字母的提示,把所缺单词填写在短文后面的横线上。 You have probably never heard of Amy Winterbourne, but she is a most u 1 woman. She lives in a house that she built herself out o 2 trash. Well, the stuff used to be called trash, but now it’s called “recycled” material. The windows and doors came from old buildings around the town that were being pulled down. The walls are made from old glass bottles that are g 3 together. The roof is made from d 4 tiles. And the fence is built out of used soda cans. Amy recently won an a 5 from the Help Save Our Planet Society. The president Jackson Smith said, “Amy is an i 6 to us all.” 第四段 A 短文填空;请认真阅读下面短文,并根据各题所给首字母的提示,写出一个合适的英语单词完整、正确的形式,使短文通顺。 (2019中考选练) I’m sure you all know how important recycling is. Recycling is when you collect old things and turn them into new things. It sounds like magic. B 1 in fact it’s very scientific. How it all works? The first thing is to collect items that can be recycled. Soda cans are made out of metal. Some bottles of juice are made out of g 2 . Magazines and newspapers are made out of paper. Bags are made out of plastic. Many o 3 old things can be recycled,too. Let’s get back to the process(过程)of recycling. Once you put all your items in a recycling factory. There,the materials get separated. They go into d 4 piles. There are special machines that crush(挤压变形)each pile together. The materials c 5 into square cubes(立方体). They are really heavy. It is h 6 for humans to carry them. Companies buy these cubes and turn them into n 7 products. Now let’s take a closer look at how old paper is transformed(改变形态). First the paper is torn(撕)into tiny p 8 . Then a special water with chemicals is poured onto them. The fibers start to stick together. In time,a completely new roll of paper is c 9 ! If there were things written or printed on the first paper,they disappear. Recycling keeps our planet healthy. It reduces waste and saves money. It a 10 saves energy. You can do your part. So just remember the golden rule:always recycle your products! B (2017中考选练) 2016【浙江专用】短文语法填空 I am now a good student in my class. But you don’t know 1 I started senior English in the beginning, I found it difficult and quite different 2 what we learned in junior school. 3 _ the help of my teacher, I realized the 4 (important) of English, so I 5 (decision) to learn English well. From then on, every morning I recited English words, 6 (listen) to English tapes and did a lot of 7 (exercise). My English teacher 8 is good at 9 (make) her class lively and interesting, is happy to see this. Now I have made such great progress in my English study that I am 10 (much) interested in learning it than before. Keys: 1.____________ 2. ____________3. ____________4. ____________5. ____________ 6. ____________ 7. ____________8. ____________ 9. ____________ 10. ____________ C (2016中考选练) 在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给。 Are you eager to be a person who has a good memory? People who enjoy their wonderful memory often do well in their studies and work. These people only have to spend a few m__1___ on a page and will keep what they read in mind. Here are some things you can do to improve your memory. Try these: Be more observant(善于观察的). Some people who said to have a bad memory don't r__2___ have memory problems. They just don't take time to notice the details. If you pay more attention to the details. you're sure to have a much clearer memory of events. A little exercise that you could do is to p___3___ memorizing lists of things, such as the things you are going to buy in a supermarket, or even the ingredients(原料)printed on your biscuit box. Do more activities such as puzzles, word g__4___, and learn a new language. These activities will further improve your brain functions and will help you improve your memory. Try to have more free time. When you are t___5___, probably you are to have a weaker focus. Find ways to get rid of stress, so your brain will be clearer and ready to have new i___6___. Get enough sleeping hours. You need at least seven hours of sleep every night. Give your brain cells a chance to r___7__ the damage done by a day's tiring work. Eat lots of fruits, vegetables and grains. Do your best to be healthy, and these foods help you improve your memory. D (2016中考选练) .根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,使短文意思完整,每空限填一词。 Have you ever complained why life is so tiring? Does the sky sometimes seems d___1____to you? Well, friends, cheer up and smile all the time. If you see the world with your warm heart, you will find the whole world ____2___ to you. On a sunny morning, you plan to have a walk to relax y__3____. Just before you go out, it s___4____starts to rain. Maybe you would feel very sad and start to complain about the weather. But dear friends, why not sit down and e___5_____ the free concert that the nature brings you? And with the timely rain, crops in the fields will grow better and farmers will have a good harvest. A___6____everyone wants to succeed in what he tries to do; life isn’t a bed of roses. It’s very common to meet difficulties on the w____7____to success. In fact, difficulty isn't terrible. The real terrible thing is that we are afraid of it. Difficulty is l___8____a spring (弹簧). If you are w___9____, it will be strong. So when you meet difficulties, don't give up. Instead, you should face them with a smile. Attitude(态度) d___100_____ everything. With an optimistic (乐观的) attitude, life is easy and pleasant. 1. _________ 2. _______ 3. ________ 4. _________ 5.__________ 6. _________ 7. _______ 8. _________ 9. _________ 10. _________ 第五段 A 阅读下面的短文,根据短文内容及首字母提示,在短文空白处填入一个恰当的词,使短文内容完整、通顺,将所填单词填写在答题卡上相应的题号后。 (2019中考选练) Young people are the future masters of the country.Being a youth is one thing, and being a good one is a_______(1).Everyone tries to be good, but not everybody has the right idea about it.Age will test youth, and youth will create age.Because we’ll have heavy responsibilities(责任) upon our shoulders in future.We must educate o________(2) to be good.What are the qualifications(素质) for a good young person? A good youth should have these qualities: F________(3)of all, health, a healthy body is the best riches.W__________(4) it, nothing can be done well.If you are poor in health, you’ll have to take m_______(5)day after day.Even you can’t work, do sports and so on; Secondly, one must be of good quality.Always do something for others.Help those in t__________(6) and care about the people around you.If everyone did the same, what a wonderful world this would be! Thirdly, one must have the ability to work with others. Cooperation(合作) and communication are two important keys to better human relations.Everyone n__________(7) friends because no one can live through life alone or do everything he wants to. Besides the examples above, patriotism(爱国主义) is the one we should never forget.Patriotism m______(8) a love of one’s country.It is one of the h__________(9) qualities of humans.Everyone should love his o_______(10) country. I think a good youth of today should also have some training in art.If everyone can enjoy art and be able to make more of it for others, then people will live better and e________(11)more. B (2017中考选练)(故事类) Last year, four children waited for their school bus every day for ten minutes, on the same dirty street corner. Old bottles, parts of old bikes, and empty soda cans (苏打罐) could be 1. s everywhere around the bus stop. The trees were brown and had no leaves, and there weren’t any flowers at all. One Friday, one of the children looked at the corner and 2. d to do something about it. The next Monday, she brought a bag and collected some of the old bottles to 3. r . On Tuesday, she spent another ten minutes picking up old bottles, while her best friend Judy picked up soda cans and 4. p them in different bags for recycling. On Wednesday, all the 5. c joined together. The 6. c became clean! The corner looked better, but it was still ugly. So the next day the girl 7. b some flower seeds. She planted the seeds and watered 8. t , and watered the trees, too. It only took ten minutes a day 9. b that was enough. A few months later, this corner became a beautiful garden 10. w many flowers and trees. It only took ten minutes a day. Do you have ten minutes a day to help your city? C (2016中考选练) 根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,使短文意思完整。每空限一词。 A poor farmer had a friend who was famous for the wonderful apple tree he grew. One day, his friend g l the farmer a young apple tree and told him to take it home and plant it. The farmer was h 2 with the gift, but when he got home,he did not know w 3 to plant it. He was afraid that if he planted the tree near the r 4 , strangers would steal the fruit.If he planted the tree in one of his fields,his neighbours would come at night and steal some of the a 5 .If he planted the tree near his house, his children would take the fruit.F 6 .he planted the tree in the woods.But w 7 sunlight and good soil(土壤),the tree soon died. Later the friend asked the farmer why he planted the tree in such a poor p 8 .“What’s the difference?’’ the farmer asked angrily. The friend a 9 .“If you planted the tree in the sunlight, at least someone could e 10 the fruit.Now you not only have robbed everyone of the fruit,but also you have destroyed a good apple tree” D (2016中考选练) 根据短文内容和首字母提示,填写所缺单词,使短文意思完整。(每空一词) Three rich ladies met every day by the river. They sat there and talked the w 1 day. Once, they quarrelled. One of them said, "Look, how white and beautiful my hands are!" A 2 one said, "My hands are more beautiful." The third one said. " Mine a 3 the most beautiful." Just then, an old woman beggar(乞丐) came up to them. "Beautiful ladies," she said, "I'm old and can't work. I'm hungry. Please give me something to eat." But the t 4 ladies gave her nothing. They only asked her to tell them who h 5 the most beautiful hands. A peasant woman (农妇) was also sitting by the river. She was poor and her hands were rough(粗糙) because of h 6 work. The old woman beggar came up to her and said, "I'm hungry. Please give me something to eat." The peasant woman took out her only cake she had and gave the beggar a h 7 . The old woman beggar ate it and drank some water. Then she took the peasant woman by the hand, brought her b 8 the rich ladies and said, "Now, I shall tell you whose hands are the most beautiful. The hands of the poor peasant woman are rough because of work, but they give us food; they are m 9 more beautiful than your hands which have never d 10 anything." 第六段 A 根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词 (2019中考选练) Have you heard of sumo(相扑)?It’s a sport s 1 to wrestling(摔跤). In fact, robots do sumo too. Three students from Jinan Experimental Middle School won the sumo competition d 2 the 16th Robofest World Championship in 2016. Robofest is an international competition that challenges students to design, build and program robots. In 2016, it was h 3 at Lawrence Technological University in the USA. Two robots fight each other on a table for the match. A bottle is in the c 4 of the table. If a robot pushes the other robot or the bottle off the table and r 5 on the table for three seconds, it will win. The Chinese team won two rounds. What were the secrets that helped them win? First, they made their robot p 6 . Their robot looked like a large forklift(铲车). Also, they used a high-powered motor. The motor made their robot stronger when it f 7 with each other. At the same time, their robot was very c 8 . The team designed some program to help their robot deal with different problems. In one round, their robot was pushed to the end of the table and a 9 fell off. But suddenly, it stopped and moved the other way i 10 . Their robot had a special program . As soon as it discovered the table’s end, it would move back and present itself from falling off. Really amazing, right? B (2017中考选练) 根据短文内容及首字母提示完成短文。(每空一词) What can you do to keep healthy? Perhaps for children, healthy eating is one of the most important things. Here are some ideas about h 1 to eat healthily. A good breakfast is very important to children. It's n 2 to have it in the morning. But some children often go to school without breakfast, just because they want to sleep a little l 3 . Remember that a good breakfast will help you study better. "My dream is that all the Chinese children can get half a kilogram of milk a day." The Chinese Premier(总理) Wen Jiabao said this during his v 4 to a milk farm. Milk is also very important to children's health. It makes children grow stronger. It's better for you to drink a glass of warm milk b 5 going to bed. That will help you have a good s 6 . Having healthy food is the most important. That means eating lots of different kinds of food, e 7 fruits and vegetables. Don't eat too much chocolate o 8 ice-cream. Some of you p 9 to eat fast food, but in fact it is not good for your health. Try to eat healthy food as much as possible. Have healthy eating h 10 , and you will have a strong body. C (2016中考选练) 根据短文内容及所给首字母提示写出所缺单词,并将完整单词写在答题卡对应题号的横线上。 Some western countries insist that China is one of the world’s biggest greenhouse gas emitters (温室气体排放者). But in fact our government has taken actions a1 to struggle with climate change. Firstly, the public are educated to p2 more attention to the environment. As the government expects, the people have reached a very h3 level of knowing low-carbon economy(低碳经济). I 4 you watch TV, listen to the radio or read newspapers, you’ll find low-carbon lifestyle has become a fashion. Secondly, developing renewable energy is another action. The government is b 5 many wind farms and solar power stations in the deserts. Of course, w 6 a long time, China will continue using the coal. At the same time, the government has been making l 7 to punish those people who dare to destroy the environment. Besides, some s 8 have suggested that greening the deserts is more important than developing new forms of energy. Their l 9 research shows that 80% of the CO2 in the atmosphere comes from land?use. As we know, China hasn’t a 10 a balance between the green lifestyle and the economic growth, but we are on the way. We’ll take more actions to reduce the greenhouse gas emission. 1、_________? 2、_________?3、_________? 4、_________? 5、_________ 6、_________?7、_________?8、_________?9、_________?10_________ D (2016中考选练) 在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给。 Good health is the most valuable thing a person can have. It is important to remember that the body needs proper c 1 in order to be healthy. There are three things that a person can do to help stay in good shape: eat right food, get enough sleep, and exercise regularly. Proper nutrition (营养) is important for good health. Your body cannot work well if it doesn't receive the proper kind of "fuel". Don't eat too much food with lots of sugar and fat. Eat plenty of foods which are h 2 in protein(蛋白质), like meat, fish, eggs and nuts. Vegetables and fruits are very important because they p 3 necessary vitamins and minerals (矿物质) . However, don't eat too much. It is not helpful to be overweight. Getting the proper amount of sleep is also important. If you don't get enough sleep, you will feel tired and get angry e 4 . You will have no energy. So, be sure to have seven to nine h 5 of sleep each night. It you do, your body will feel strong. F 6 get plenty of exercise. Exercise makes the body strong and prevents you from putting on weight. It also improves your heart and lungs. If you follow a regular exercise program, you will probably i 7 your life-span (寿命) 1 Doing exercises is not only good for your body, but it is fun and enjoyable, too. If you eat the right foods, get plenty of sleep and exercise regularly, you will all live to be much older and wiser. 第七段 A 根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词。 (2019中考选练) Three rich ladies met every day by the river. They sat there and talked the w 1 day. Once, they quarreled. One of them said, "Look, how white and beautiful my hands are!" A 2 one said, "My hands are more beautiful." The third one said. " Mine a 3 the most beautiful." Just then, an old woman beggar came up to them. "Beautiful ladies," she said, "I'm old and can't work. I'm hungry. Please give me something to eat." But the t 4 ladies gave her nothing. They only asked her to tell them who h 5 the most beautiful hands. A peasant woman (农妇) was also sitting by the river. She was poor and her hands were rough because of h 6 work. The old woman beggar came up to her and said, "I'm hungry. Please give me something to eat." The peasant woman took out her only cake she had and gave the beggar a h7 . The old woman beggar ate it and drank some water. Then she took the peasant woman by the hand, brought her b 8 the rich ladies and said, "Now, I shall tell you whose hands are the most beautiful. The hands of the poor peasant woman are rough because of work, but they give us food; they are f 9 more beautiful than your hands which have never d 10 anything." B (2017中考选练)(故事类) The whole school was talking about the winter camp. And everyone was looking forward to it 1. e me because I thought I would get homesick. When arriving at the camp, we were 2. a to ski down to field by the coach. I skied carefully, but I still hit a piece of ice and fell down. “Ha! Ha!” Behind 3. m , somebody started laughing. I looked back to see who was 4. l at me. To my 5. s , I saw a girl in the same embarrassing position that I was in. “I thought I’d be bad at this, but it 6. s more difficult than I expected!” she said. Suddenly, I started laughing, too. After being so 7. a of falling, it was a comfort that made me not fear it anymore. The next day, 8. t I didn’t want to go ski jumping, I was chosen to do that first. But when my 9. f left the ground, I felt I was flying and it was wonderful. Just do your 10. b to meet every challenge. You’ll never imagine how much you will get. C (2016中考选练) 根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词。 Many books have been written about “the art of giving”. But what about the art of r 1 ? Sometimes, receiving a gift can be difficult, especially when someone buys you a gift you don’t want! “I remember when I was about twelve years old, my parents b 2 me a purple purse,” laughs Guo Xiaojing. “It really made me feel embarrassed(尴尬), because I thought the purse was really ugly!Still, I pretended (假装)that I liked it b 3 I knew it would make my parents happy!” Han Ling agrees. “That sounds like my grandparents!A few years ago, my grandparents gave me an orange sweater f 4 my birthday. I used to wear it every time I visited them, but when I left their house, I took it off! Of course, this made me feel g 5 . It was a very nice thought, but my grandparents have different taste from me! I think it’s hard to buy clothes or other personal things for people.” To make things easier, some people would rather just give money. In some cultures, h 6 , receiving money can make people uncomfortable. “When someone gives me money, it j 7 makes me think they’re being lazy,” says John Wilson. “In England, we have a saying: It’s the thought that counts. When s 8 gives me money, I feel they don’t think at all. I prefer to receive a gift that has some thought behind it. I don’t mind if it’s something I don’t need. If someone has thought about a g 9 for me, it always makes me happy.” Different people have very different thoughts on this subject! So maybe the art of receiving is e 10 more difficult than the art of giving! What do you think? D (2016中考选练) 根据短文内容和首字母提示,在下文空格处填入适当的词使短文完整。(每空一词) In the middle of Jiangsu province, Yangzhou is an important city in the economic circle of the Yangtze River delta(三角洲). It is m 1 up of three cities of Baoying, Gaoyou, and Yizheng, three districts of Hanjiang, Guangling and Jiangdu. It has an area of 6,638 square kilometers and a population of 4.6 million, i 2 the central area of 1,100 square kilometers with a population of 1.31 million. Yangzhou is a cultural city with a long history and rich c 3 . It has a long history of about 2,500 years since King Fu Chai of Wu dug Hangou and built Hancheng. There were three g 4 times in the history of Yangzhou. It took shape in the Han Dynasty, developed in the Tang Dynasty and reached its top in the Qing Dynasty. A number of politicians, writers and a 5 such as Li Bai, Du Fu of the Tang Dynasty and Ouyang Xiu and Su Dongpo of the Song Dynasty all served as officials or went sightseeing there and l 6 many poems describing the beauty of Yangzhou. "Eight eccentrics of Yangzhou", Yangzhou school and Yangzhou opera all enjoy special qualities. In h 7 , Yangzhou was a famous and open city. In the Tang dynasty, it is the biggest city in Southeast China and one of the four ports(港口) that conducted economic and cultural exchanges with other c 8 . Over 10 thousand foreign businessmen lived in Yangzhou then. Master Jianzhen went eastward to Japan to s 9 China’s culture. Yangzhou is a friendly and beautiful city suitable for people to live in. Such famous well-known sayings as “In this flowery March journeyed south to Yangzhou”, “The green city is Yangzhou”, “Only Yangzhou is suitable for people to l 10 in” give true expression to Yangzhou. In 2006, it was awarded the United Nations Habitat Award, the highest prize in the area of global habitat. 第八段 A 短文综合填空;阅读下面的短文,根据短文内容及首字母提示,在短文空白处填入一个恰当的词,使短文内容完整、通顺。 (2019中考选练) Making friends is a skill. Like most skills, you can improve it if you are patient. If you want to meet people and make friends, you must be willing to take action. You must first go where there are people. You won’t make friends staying home a_________(1). Joining a club or a group, talking to those who like the same things as you do is much e_______(2). Or join someone in some activities. Many people are n________(3) when talking to new people. After all, meeting strangers means seeing the unknown. And it’s human nature to feel a bit unpleasant about the unknown. Most of fears about d________(4) with new people come from doubts(怀疑) about ourselves. We imagine other people are judging us—finding us too tall or too short, too this or too that. But don’t forget that they must be feeling the s________(5) way. Try to accept yourself as you are, and try to make others feel at home. You’ll all feel more c________(6). Try to be brave even if you don’t feel that way when you e________(7) a room full of strangers. Walk tall and straight, look d________(8) at other people and smile. If you see someone you’d like to speak to, say something. Don’t wait for the other person to start a c________(9). Just meeting someone new does not mean that you’ll make friends with that person. Friendship is based on mutual(相互的) likings and “give and take”. It takes time and effort(精力) for us to d________(10) friendship. And there are things that stop a new friendship from g________(11). B (2017中考选练) 2016【浙江专用】短文语法填空 John Allen, an American ___1___(science) once said, “the Internet is the world’s ___2___(large) library, but all the books in it are on the floor!” What he meant is that the Internet is full of information. But it can be difficult to find what you really need. The Internet has another ___3___ (advantage) that anyone can ___4___ (creation)a website, so you can find websites about what ever you can imagine. Unfortunately, a lot of what is written on them is not always ___5___(truth). At the same time, the Internet ___6___ (provide) many other things .On some websites, you can download music and films. They are ___7___(usual) very cheap and some are even free. On some other websites, you can connect with people ___8__ all over the world . And there are some great online shops, too. For example,one Bay people sell used clothes, CDs, and even cars at very low prices . It is true that the Internet has changed the way we work and communicate. But we should not depend on it too much. Some people are also afraid that ___9____(surf) the Internet has taken the place of other healthier activities, especially for young people. Whether you love it or hate it, though, you’d better get ___10___ (use) to it because it is right here to stay. Keys: 1.____________ 2. ____________3. ____________4. ____________ 5. ____________6. ____________ 7. ____________8. ____________ 9. ____________ 10. ____________ C (2016中考选练) 在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给。 There are some very good things about open education. This way of teaching a l the students to develop their interests in many subjects. Open education asks students to be responsible(负责任)for their own education. The open classroom may help them to e 2 learning. Some students will be h 3 in an open education school. They will not have to worry a 4 grades rules. But many students may not d 5 well in an open classroom. For some students, if there are too f 6 rules, they will do little in school. They will not make good use of open education. Because open education is s 7 different from traditional education, these students may have a problem of getting used to making so many c 8 .For many students it is important to have some rules in the classroom. A few rules will help them. The last point about open education is that some traditional teachers do not like it. Many teachers do not believe in open education. You now know what open education is. Some of its good points and bad points have been explained. You may have your own opinion about open education. The writer thinks that open education is only a good idea. It may not work very well in r 9 class or school. The writer believes that most students, but of course not all students, want and need to have some rules. They must be m 10 to study some subjects. Many students are pleased to find subjects that they have to study interesting. They would not study those subjects if they did not have to. 1. a________ 2. e________ 3. h________ 4. a_______ 5. d_______ 6. f________ 7. s________ 8. c________ 9. r_______ 10. m_______ D (2016中考选练) 在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给。 Young people are often unhappy when they are with their parents. They say that their parents don’t (1)u them. They often think their parents are too strict (2)w them. Parents often find it difficult to win their (3)c trust, and they seem to forget how they themselves felt when they were young. For example, young people like to do things without much (4)t . It’s one of their ways to show that they grow up and they can solve any difficult (5)p . But older people always think (6)m than young people. Most of them plan things ahead and don’t like their plans to be (7)c , so when you want your parents to let you do something, you will succeed easily if you ask before you really start doing it. Young people often make their parents angry by the (8)c they wear, the music they enjoy and something else. But they don’t mean to cause any trouble. They just want to be cut off(摆脱) from the old people’s world and they are (9)t to make a new culture of their own. And if their parents don’t like their music or clothes or their ways of speech, the young people feel very sad. Sometimes instead of going out with their parents, they just want to stay at home (10)a and do what they like. If you plan to do something, you’d (11)b win your parents over and get them to understand you, if so, your parents will certainly let you do (12)w you want to do. 参考答案 第一段 A 1. Without 2. For 3. interesting 4. waiting 5. because 6. listening 7. kinds 8. like 9. Through 10. care B 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。介绍瘦瘦小小的新生贝蒂在作者的帮助下从被男生欺负到由于画画受到老师和同学赞扬的故事。 1. my【解析】分析句意可知此处指我班里的男孩子经常嘲笑她。分析句子结构可知此处需填一个形容词或形容词性物主代词修饰名词class。根据句意可知此处是指“我班里的男孩子”,故填I的形容词性物主代词my。 2. read【解析】分析句意可知此处指她打开书,假装去看。根据句意及上下文可知男孩子嘲笑她,她就假装看书,pretend to do sth意为“假装做某事”。故填read。 3. help【解析】分析句意可知此处是指决定去帮助她。根据“decide to do sth决定做某事”可知此处需填一个动词原形。根据首字母提示可知help,帮助,符合句意。故填help。 4. chance【解析】分析句子结构可知此处需填一个名词。根据句意及首字母可知此处是指“当我走进教室的时候,我得到了一个机会”。故填chance。 5. drawn【解析】根据空前的was和空后的by可知此处需填过去分词构成一般过去时的被动语态。根据句意及首字母提示可知此处是指“贝蒂画的那幅画”。故填drawn。 6. for【解析】分析句子结构可知此处需填介词。根据句意及首字母提示可知此处是指“为才艺大赛画的海报”。故填for。 7. time【解析】分析句子结构可知,此处缺少名词。根据句意及下文请贝蒂帮忙可知此处是指“没有足够的时间”。故填time。 8. better【解析】根据句意可知这里指“甚至比我画得好”。需填副词well。再由“than”可知这里要使用副词well的比较级。故填better。 9. different【解析】 分析句意可知此处是指每一幅画都是不同的。different不同的,符合句意。故填different。 10. prize【解析】根据空前的 an unusual 可知此处需填一个名词。根据句意并联系下文可知此处是指因为贝蒂的海报画的很棒,所以要给她颁一项特殊的奖,另根据首字母提示可知填prize。 C 1、age 2、as 3、player 4、play 5、gained 6、Unluckily 7、hurt 8、have 9、until 10、won D 1.friends/classmates 2.goose 3.lazy 4.than 5.winter 6.take 7.way 8.excited/happy 9.fell/jumped 10.strong 第二段 A 1. have/make 2. common 3. discussing 4. get 5. However 6. more 7. funnier 8. clearly 9. planned 10. long B 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。记叙了“我”和一位朋友边走边聊天。一位盲人拿着一根竹竿与“我们”同行,但是后来那位盲人却超过了“我们”。这让“我”觉得不可思议。故事告诫我们:做事要专心致志,切不可一心多用。 1. recognized/regarded【解析】根据语境可知应该是“他被认为是”,be recognized/regarded as表示“被认为是……”,为固定结构。空前有was。故填recognized/regarded。 2. slowly 【解析】根据常识及下文内容可知此处指的是盲人走得慢,此处用副词修饰动词walking。故填slowly。 3. walking【解析】分析句子结构可知空处应填v.-ing形式构成过去进行时,结合语境及首字母提示可知我们边走边聊。故填walking。 4. through【解析】分析句意可知此处指“我经历的困境”。go through,表示“经历”,为固定搭配。故填介词through。 5. kept【解析】分析句子结构可知空处应填一个动词,分析语境可知此处表示“保持沉默keep silent”。描述过去的事情应用一般过去时,故填kept。 6. faster【解析】分析句子结构可知空处应用一个副词比较级,结合首字母提示可知faster更快地,符合句意。故填faster。 7. directions【解析】根据句中“and walk half-heartedly”可知前半句指注意力不集中,说明“我们”四处张望。look in all directions,表示“四处张望”,故填directions。 8. shocked【解析】分析句子结构可知此空应填形容词作表语。结合句意及语境可知此处表示震惊的。再结合首字母提示可知填shocked。 9. truth 【解析】分析句子结构可知空处应填一个可数名词单数,结合句意和语境可知此处表示“多么简单的一个真理啊!”再结合首字母提示可知填truth。 10. friend【解析】分析句意可知此处是指我朋友说的话,通读全文可知,只有一个朋友出现。故填friend。 C 1. Where 2. with 3. problem 4. than 5. well 6. against 7. send 8. professional 9. think 10. won’t D 【主旨大意】这篇文章叙述了学生和老师对校服和假期方面不同的看法。 1、day 2、ugly/ bad/ terrible 3、 look 4、agree 5、good 6、 allowed 7、 students 8、. short 9、chance/ opportunity 10、but 第三段 A 1.done 2.bigger 3.least 4.what 5.afraid 6.influence 7.face 8.because 9.wrong 10.fears B 1. grew 2. answers 3. strange/special/surprising 4. why 5. of 6. anything 7. never 8. the 9. felt/was 10. spend C 1. worried 2. right 3. worse 4. habit 5. control 6. yourself 7. fans D 【主旨大意】本文介绍了埃米.温特伯恩女士用废品建造房子以及用废品制作玩具的故事。 1、unusual 2、of 3、glued 4.discarded 5 award 6、inspiration 第四段 A 1.But 2.glass 3.other 4.different 5.change 6.hard 7.new 8.pieces 9.completed 10.also B 1、how 2、from 3、with 4、importance 5、decided 6、listened 7、exercises 8、who 9、making 10、more C 1. minutes 2. really 3. practice/practice 4. games 5. tired 6. ideas/ information 7. repair / reduce D 【参考答案】 1. dark 2. smiling 3. yourself 4. suddenly 5. enjoy 6. Although 7. way 8. like 9. weak 10.decides 第五段 A 1.another 2.ourselves 3.First 4.Without 5.medicine 6.trouble 7.needs 8.means 9.highest 10.own 11.Enjoy B 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。讲述了四个孩子把原本脏乱不堪的街角变成美丽街角的故事。文章告诉我们:一天只要抽出10分钟,也许就会让我们的城市变得漂亮起来。 1. seen【解析】分析句意可推知,这个街角的垃圾随处可见,应用动词see,垃圾和看见之间是动宾关系,因此应用被动语态。故填see的过去分词形式seen。 2. decided【解析】分析句意可知,此处指的是决定做些什么。对应词是decide。由前半句中的“looked at”可知应用一般过去时。故填decided。 3. recycle【解析】分析句意并结合所给词汇可知,这里指收集了一些旧瓶以回收利用,空前有不定式符号to,动词用原形。故填recycle。 4. put【解析】分析句意“把它们放进不同的袋子里”及首字母提示可知put,放进,符合句意。故填put。 5. children【解析】根据句意及句中的all可知应用名词复数。故填children。 6. corner【解析】根据下文“The corner looked better...”可知此处指角落。故填corner。 7. brought【解析】分析句意可知此处是指带来一些种子。从某地带来某物,bring。分析句子结构可知此处填动词过去式。故填brought。 8. them【解析】句意为:她种下种子并给浇水,也浇了树。分析句意可知空格处所填的词指代的是前面的seeds,对应词为they。空前的watered为动词,后面用代词宾格形式。故填them。 9. but【解析】句意为:每天只花费10分钟,那已经足够了。前后句表示转折关系。故填but。 10. with【解析】句意为:几个月以后,这个角落变成了很多花草树木的漂亮花园。分析句意并联系上下文可知,通过孩子们的努力,脏乱不堪的角落变成了有很多花草树木的花园。应用介词表示“伴随”,对应词是with,意为“有,凭借”。故填with。 C 1 gave 2 happy 3 where 4 road 5 apples 6 Finally 7 without 8 place 9 answered 10 enjoy/eat D 1、whole 2、Another 3、are 4、three 5、had 6、hard 7、half 8、before 9、much 10、done 第六段 A 1. similar 2. during 3. held 4. centre/center 5. remains 6. powerful 7. fought 8. clever 9. almost 10. instead B 1.how 2.necessary 3.longer 4. visit 5. before 6.sleep 7. especially 8.or 9.prefer 10.habits C 1、actively 2、pay 3、high 4、If 5、building 6、within 7、 laws 8、scientists 9、latest 10、achieved D 1. care 2. high 3. provide 4、 easily 5. hours 6. Finally 7. increase 第七段 A 1. whole 2. Another 3. are 4. three 5. had 6. hard 7.half 8. before 9. far 10. done B 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。文章主要讲述了作者参加冬令营的事情。作者一到营地,就被教练叫去滑雪,虽很小心但还是摔倒了。听到有人在嘲笑自己,看到情况和自己类似的小女孩,自己也大笑。第二天,不想去跳台滑雪,但还是被选为第一个做这件事。当脚离开地面时,感到自己仿佛在飞并且感到很奇妙。这个故事告诉我们:尽你所能去迎接每个挑战,你永远想象不到你将会得到多少。 1. except【解析】分析句意并联系下文,可知此处是指“除我之外,大家都在期盼着冬令营”,分析句意并结合所给的首字母可知此处应填except。 2. asked【解析】分析句子结构,可知此处需填一个动词,与助动词were构成谓语,再结合句意及首字母提示可知此处是指“我们被教练叫去滑雪”;又根据语境可知,“我们是被教练叫去滑雪”,且固定用法sb be asked to do sth 意为“某人被要求做某事”,故此处应填ask的过去分词asked。 3. me【解析】分析句意并联系上文,可知此处是指“我摔倒了之后,我后面有人开始笑”,再结合首字母提示可知此处应填I的宾格me。 4. laughing【解析】分析句意可知此处是指“我”回头看谁在笑我。根据句子结构可知was/were+ v.-ing构成过去进行时。故填laughing。 5. surprise【解析】分析句子结构,可知此处应填一个名词,再结合句意及首字母提示可知此处是指“使我惊讶的是,一个女孩处于跟我相同的尴尬境地”,名词surprise符合语境,且固定用法to one’s surprise意为“使某人惊奇的是”,故此处应填surprise。 6. seems【解析】分析句子结构,可知此处应填一个动词作谓语,再结合句意及首字母提示可知此处是指“滑雪实际上的难度比我想象的难度似乎更大”,又根据主语it为第三人称单数,故此处应填seem的第三人称单数形式seems。 7. afraid【解析】分析句意并结合首字母提示可知此处是指“在如此害怕摔倒后,我反而不害怕了”。因固定用法be afraid of doing sth 意为“害怕做某事”,可知此处应填afraid。 8. though【解析】分析句子结构,可知此处应填一个连词,结合句意并联系下文,可知前后两分句表示一种让步关系,在此处表示“尽管”,结合所给首字母故填though。 9. feet【解析】分析句子结构,可知此处应填一个名词作主语,再结合句意及首字母提示可知此处是指“我的双脚离地”,故此处应填foot的复数形式feet。 10. best【解析】分析句意,可知此处是指“尽你最大努力去迎接每次挑战”,结合首字母提示可知应填well的最高级best。此处固定用法do one’s best to do sth意为“尽某人最大努力做某事”。 C 【参考答案】 1.receiving 2. bought 3. because 4.for 5.guilty 6. however 7. just 8. someone/somebody 9. gift 10.even D 1. made 2. including 3. culture 4. golden 5. artists 6. left 7. history 8. countries 9. spread 10. live 第八段 A 1.alone 2. easier 3. nervous 4. dealing 5. same 6. comfortable 7. enter 8. directly 9. conversation 10. develop 11. growing. B 1.scientist 2.largest 3.disadvantage 4. create 5. true 6. provides 7.usually 8. from 9.surfing 10.used C 1. allows 2. enjoy 3. happier 4. about 5. do 6. few 7. so 8. choices 9. real 10. made D 【参考答案】 1.understand 2.with 3.children’s 4.thinking/thought 5.problems 6.More 7.changed/corrected 8.clothes 9.trying 10.alone 11.better 12.what/whatever 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) "
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