高考复习专题 宾语从句(课件+练习)

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高考复习专题 宾语从句(课件+练习)

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2019-05-29
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高考复习专题 宾语从句 新知导入 定义 一个句子充当宾语 I don’t think (that) you are right. 二. 宾语从句分类 1.动词的宾语 I don’t think (that) you are right. 2.介词的宾语 Are you afraid of what he did? 3.?形容词的宾语 I?am?sure?(that)?he?will?succeed.? 三. 引导词 1.从属连词that, whether, if,在从句中无成分 例如: He?said?(that)?he?wanted?to?stay?at?home. I want to know if (whether) he lives there. 2.只能用whether的情况 〈a〉在具有选择意义,又有or或or not时,尤其是直接与or not连用时,往往用whether 如: I wonder whether we stay or go. I don't know whether he does any washing or not. 〈b〉在介词之后用whether。 如:I'm interested in whether he likes English. 〈c〉在不定式前用whether。 例如:He hasn't decided whether to visit the old man. 〈d〉whether 置于句首时 (主语从句) 例如:Whether this is true I can‘t say. 〈e〉在动词 discuss之后的宾语从句 例如: We are discussing whether should go there. 3.连接代词,副词 〈a〉常见的连接代词有:who(m),what,which,whose , how many,how much, whoever, whatever, whichever…等词。从句中必须担当成分。 例如:Do you know which class he is in ? Could you tell me who knows the answer,please? The small children don't know what is in their stockings. 〈b〉常见的连接词有: when,why,how,where等词,从句中必须担当成分。 例如: I don't know when he will come back. Could you tell me how I can get to the station? 四. 宾语从句的语序? 宾语从句的语序应为陈述句的语序Please?tell?me?when?we’ll?have?the?meeting. Can?you?tell?me?how?I?can?get?to?zoo?? 五. 宾语从句的时态 如果主句的时态是一般现在时,宾语从句该用什么时态就用什么时态。 Please tell us what they bought in the mall yesterday. 2. 主句的时态是一般过去时,宾语从句只能用相应的过去时态, (一般过去时, 过去进行时, 过去将来时,过去完成时) 2. 主句的时态是一般过去时,宾语从句只能用相应的过去时态, (一般过去时, 过去进行时, 过去将来时,过去完成时) 例如: He asked what time it was. He told me that he was preparing for the sports meet. He asked if you had written to Peter. He said that he would go back to the U.S. soon. 3.如果宾语从句所陈述的是客观真理,其时态常用一般现在时。 例如: She said that January is the first month of the year. My teacher told us that the earth turns around the sun. 六. 宾语从句的否定转移 主句的主语是第一人称,谓语动词是think, believe, imagine, suppose, consider, expect, fancy, guess等, 从句的否定词一般要转移到主句上来,其反义疑问句一般与宾语从句一致. I don’t think that man is killed by Jim , is he? 七. 宾语从句用it作形式宾语,把宾语从句后置 例如: You may think it strange that he would live there. She made it clear that she had nothing to do with him. 八. 虚拟语气的情况 1. 在表示:建议 suggest 、advise、propose;要求demand 、desire、request;决定 decide;命令 order、command、require;坚决主张 insist;等动词后跟宾语从句,用(should)+v.(虚拟语气) 例如: He ordered that we should go out at once. 2. suggest, insist用法辨析 He suggested(建议) that we (should) clean the room every day. The look on his face suggested (表明) that he was angry. He insisted(坚持要求) that Jennie should send her to dancing school. He insisted(坚持认为)that he was honest. 九. 宾从中that不能省略的情况 A.当主句谓语动词带有and, or连接的并列宾语从句时,省略第一个that,其他不能省略 I believe(that)you have done your best and that things will get better. B.当it作形式宾语时 She made it clear that she had nothing to do with him. C.插入语后的双宾语,that不省 I can’t tell him that I love him. D.介词后不用that直接引导从句,其前必须有名词或代词。 例如: We should depend on the fact that there is much money. I agree with it that she will succeed. 【湖南】1.You have to know ________ you're going if you are to plan the best way of getting there. A. what B .that C. where D. who 句意:如果你已经计划好去那里的最好方案,你必须知道你将要去哪里。 解析:宾语从句考点,从句you’re going 后缺少地点状语,故选C 【四川】 4.The exhibition tells us ______we should do something to stop air pollution. A. where B. why C. what D. which 句意:这个展览告诉我们,我们为什么要停止空气污染。 解析: 考察宾语从句的引导词,从句不缺少主语和定语,排除C,D。根据语意,是为何而不是哪里,顾选B。 谢谢 有大把高质量资料?一线教师?一线教研员? 详情请看: 1. She took it for granted ________ I'd be back home an hour ago. A. that B. whether C. if D. what 2. Some people believe ___ is easier for small countries to become strong and rich than for large___ . A. that; country B. it; one C. that; countries D. it; ones 3. Please give the book to _______wins the first prize. A. who B. whom C. whoever D. whomever 4. The fire destroyed ________was in the building. A. all B. what C. that D. which 5.—I believe ________you’ve done your best and________ things will improve. —Thank you. A. that;/ B./;/ C. what;that D./;that 6. I don’t doubt ________he will come. A .that B. if C. what D. whether 7. I find _____ important that we practice English every day. A. it B. this C. that D. what 8.There’s some doubt ________she will be able to repay the money on time. A .that B. if C. what D. whether 9.A friend of mine from___ I was born showed up at my home right before I left for Beijing. A. how B .whom C. when D. which 10.These wild flowers are so special I would do _____ I can to save them. A. whatever    B. that       C. which       D. whichever 11. A computer can only do_________ you have instructed it to do. A. how B. after C. what D. when 12. I read about it in some book or other, does ___ matter _______ it was? A.that, where B.it, what C.that, how D.it, which 13. —I think it’s going to be a big problem. —Yes, it could be. —I wonder we can do about it. A. if B. how C. what D. that 14.Lei Feng was always thinking of ________he could help others. A. that B. how C. when D. which 15.At first he hated the new job but decided to give himself a few months to see__ it got any better. A. when B. how C. why C. if 16. This depends on _________ the weather is fine. A. which B. whether C. if D. that 17. Parents are taught to understand ______ important education is to their children’s future. A. that B. how C. such D. so 18.Some children want to challenge themselves by learning a language different from____parents speak at home. A. what B. that C. which D. one 19. The road is covered with snow. I can’t understand______ they insist on going by motor-bike. A why B whether C when D how 20. The other day, my brother drove his car down the street at _________ I thought was a dangerous speed. A. as B. which C. what D. that 答案 ADCBD AADCA CDCBC BBAAC 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) "
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高考复习专题 宾语从句 新知导入 定义 一个句子充当宾语 I don’t think (that) you are right. 二. 宾语从句分类 1.动词的宾语 I don’t think (that) you are right. 2.介词的宾语 Are you afraid of what he did? 3.?形容词的宾语 I?am?sure?(that)?he?will?succeed.? 三. 引导词 1.从属连词that, whether, if,在从句中无成分 例如: He?said?(that)?he?wanted?to?stay?at?home. I want to know if (whether) he lives there. 2.只能用whether的情况 〈a〉在具有选择意义,又有or或or not时,尤其是直接与or not连用时,往往用whether 如: I wonder whether we stay or go. I don't know whether he does any washing or not. 〈b〉在介词之后用whether。 如:I'm interested in whether he likes English. 〈c〉在不定式前用whether。 例如:He hasn't decided whether to visit the old man. 〈d〉whether 置于句首时 (主语从句) 例如:Whether this is true I can‘t say. 〈e〉在动词 discuss之后的宾语从句 例如: We are discussing whether should go there. 3.连接代词,副词 〈a〉常见的连接代词有:who(m),what,which,whose , how many,how much, whoever, whatever, whichever…等词。从句中必须担当成分。 例如:Do you know which class he is in ? Could you tell me who knows the answer,please? The small children don't know what is in their stockings. 〈b〉常见的连接词有: when,why,how,where等词,从句中必须担当成分。 例如: I don't know when he will come back. Could you tell me how I can get to the station? 四. 宾语从句的语序? 宾语从句的语序应为陈述句的语序Please?tell?me?when?we’ll?have?the?meeting. Can?you?tell?me?how?I?can?get?to?zoo?? 五. 宾语从句的时态 如果主句的时态是一般现在时,宾语从句该用什么时态就用什么时态。 Please tell us what they bought in the mall yesterday. 2. 主句的时态是一般过去时,宾语从句只能用相应的过去时态, (一般过去时, 过去进行时, 过去将来时,过去完成时) 2. 主句的时态是一般过去时,宾语从句只能用相应的过去时态, (一般过去时, 过去进行时, 过去将来时,过去完成时) 例如: He asked what time it was. He told me that he was preparing for the sports meet. He asked if you had written to Peter. He said that he would go back to the U.S. soon. 3.如果宾语从句所陈述的是客观真理,其时态常用一般现在时。 例如: She said that January is the first month of the year. My teacher told us that the earth turns around the sun. 六. 宾语从句的否定转移 主句的主语是第一人称,谓语动词是think, believe, imagine, suppose, consider, expect, fancy, guess等, 从句的否定词一般要转移到主句上来,其反义疑问句一般与宾语从句一致. I don’t think that man is killed by Jim , is he? 七. 宾语从句用it作形式宾语,把宾语从句后置 例如: You may think it strange that he would live there. She made it clear that she had nothing to do with him. 八. 虚拟语气的情况 1. 在表示:建议 suggest 、advise、propose;要求demand 、desire、request;决定 decide;命令 order、command、require;坚决主张 insist;等动词后跟宾语从句,用(should)+v.(虚拟语气) 例如: He ordered that we should go out at once. 2. suggest, insist用法辨析 He suggested(建议) that we (should) clean the room every day. The look on his face suggested (表明) that he was angry. He insisted(坚持要求) that Jennie should send her to dancing school. He insisted(坚持认为)that he was honest. 九. 宾从中that不能省略的情况 A.当主句谓语动词带有and, or连接的并列宾语从句时,省略第一个that,其他不能省略 I believe(that)you have done your best and that things will get better. B.当it作形式宾语时 She made it clear that she had nothing to do with him. C.插入语后的双宾语,that不省 I can’t tell him that I love him. D.介词后不用that直接引导从句,其前必须有名词或代词。 例如: We should depend on the fact that there is much money. I agree with it that she will succeed. 【湖南】1.You have to know ________ you're going if you are to plan the best way of getting there. A. what B .that C. where D. who 句意:如果你已经计划好去那里的最好方案,你必须知道你将要去哪里。 解析:宾语从句考点,从句you’re going 后缺少地点状语,故选C 【四川】 4.The exhibition tells us ______we should do something to stop air pollution. A. where B. why C. what D. which 句意:这个展览告诉我们,我们为什么要停止空气污染。 解析: 考察宾语从句的引导词,从句不缺少主语和定语,排除C,D。根据语意,是为何而不是哪里,顾选B。 谢谢 有大把高质量资料?一线教师?一线教研员? 详情请看: 1. She took it for granted ________ I'd be back home an hour ago. A. that B. whether C. if D. what 2. Some people believe ___ is easier for small countries to become strong and rich than for large___ . A. that; country B. it; one C. that; countries D. it; ones 3. Please give the book to _______wins the first prize. A. who B. whom C. whoever D. whomever 4. The fire destroyed ________was in the building. A. all B. what C. that D. which 5.—I believe ________you’ve done your best and________ things will improve. —Thank you. A. that;/ B./;/ C. what;that D./;that 6. I don’t doubt ________he will come. A .that B. if C. what D. whether 7. I find _____ important that we practice English every day. A. it B. this C. that D. what 8.There’s some doubt ________she will be able to repay the money on time. A .that B. if C. what D. whether 9.A friend of mine from___ I was born showed up at my home right before I left for Beijing. A. how B .whom C. when D. which 10.These wild flowers are so special I would do _____ I can to save them. A. whatever    B. that       C. which       D. whichever 11. A computer can only do_________ you have instructed it to do. A. how B. after C. what D. when 12. I read about it in some book or other, does ___ matter _______ it was? A.that, where B.it, what C.that, how D.it, which 13. —I think it’s going to be a big problem. —Yes, it could be. —I wonder we can do about it. A. if B. how C. what D. that 14.Lei Feng was always thinking of ________he could help others. A. that B. how C. when D. which 15.At first he hated the new job but decided to give himself a few months to see__ it got any better. A. when B. how C. why C. if 16. This depends on _________ the weather is fine. A. which B. whether C. if D. that 17. Parents are taught to understand ______ important education is to their children’s future. A. that B. how C. such D. so 18.Some children want to challenge themselves by learning a language different from____parents speak at home. A. what B. that C. which D. one 19. The road is covered with snow. I can’t understand______ they insist on going by motor-bike. A why B whether C when D how 20. The other day, my brother drove his car down the street at _________ I thought was a dangerous speed. A. as B. which C. what D. that 答案 ADCBD AADCA CDCBC BBAAC 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) "
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