中考英语阅读-科普环保类

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中考英语阅读-科普环保类

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2019-05-28
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科普环保类阅读理解 1、Do you still get free plastic bags from the supermarkets? Things have changed. China has banned(禁止)free plastic bags at shops and supermarkets,and people have to pay for using plastic bags. The rule started on June 1,2008. It came because our country tried to make litter less. Making super-thin(超薄)plastic bags has also been banned. The Chinese once used about 3,000,000,000 plastic shopping bags a day,and they have caused pollution of the environment. The bags have become a main cause of plastic pollution because they are easy to break and people throw them away here and there. So the Chinese people are encouraged to bring their own bags for shopping. What kind of shopping bag is the best to bring? Some students in Chongqing have a good idea. They make their own shopping bags. They use old clothes to make cloth bags(布袋),and send them to their parents as presents. They also ask their parents and friends to use cloth bags instead of plastic ones. They think it is their duty(责任)to protect the environment. (?? )1. People in China have to_______ now. A. collect plastic bags in the street B. use free plastic bags at shops and supermarkets C. pay for using plastic bags at shops and supermarkets (?? )2. China made this rule because plastic bags were bad for the_______. A. environment ???????? B. supermarkets????????? C. shops? (?? )3. The Chinese people are encouraged to bring _______for shopping. A. their own bags???????? B. super-thin plastic bags?? C. free plastic bags? (? )4. Some students in Chongqing _______. A. ask their parents to make cloth bags??? B. make cloth bags themselves C. buy cloth bags for their parents (? )5.What’s the main idea of this article (文章)? A. The bags have become a main cause of plastic pollution. B. Some students in Chongqing begin to make their own shopping bags. C. To protect the environment, free plastic bags have been banned in China. 2、??? Beijing is facing severe (严重的) traffic problems."Roads are wider now, but traffic jams (堵塞) often happen every day." Yuan, a Beijing taxi drivers said. ??? Beijing government is trying to do something to make traffic jams less. Before 2007, there were a few subway lines in Beijing. There was only line 1, line 2, line 13 and Batong Line. But now there is line 5, line 10, line 4, the airport fast -track and the Olympic branch line. And there will be 13 subway lines under construction in Beijing at the same time at the end of this year. ??? The opening of the new subway line is convenient to tourists. Before, arriving in Beijing, many visitors would usually take a taxi to interesting places of Beijing. Today, as soon as people get off the plane, they can take the Airport Express Line, going to different interesting places through the subway lines. The government also strives to open a new line each year from now until 2015. The subway of Beijing reached 300 kilometers in 2010 and it will reach 561 kilometers in 2015. ??? Miss Xiao, who lives in South Water Bridge and works at Hepingli, said that traveling by her car still took her at least one hour from home to work because of traffic jams. Now, because of the railway line 5, Miss Xiao can arrive at her office in less than haft an hour. 1.What are the traffic problems in Beijing now? ?? A. Drivers drive too fast.?????????? ????? B. Roads are not wide enough. ?? C. Traffic jams often happen.??????????? D. Traffic lights are always broken. 2.What does the underlined phrase "under construction" mean in Chinese? ?? A.?在学习??? ?????? B.?在建造中? ?????? C.?在应用中??? ???? D.?在控制中 3.Why is the opening of the new subway line convenient to tourists? ? A. Because the new subway line is very interesting. ? B. Because the new subway line's ticket is very cheap. ? C. Because people in Beijing can cost less money than that before. ? D. Because visitors can take the subway to many different interesting places. 4.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? ? A. Visitors like to take a taxi in Beijing better. ? B. The subway of Beijing will reach 300 kilometers in 2015. ? C. There will be 15 subway lines in Beijing at the end of the year. ? D. It takes Miss Xiao less time to get to her workplace by railway line 5. 5.What is the main idea of the passage? ? A. People in Beijing invented high-speed trains. ? B. Railway lines in Beijing only covers some areas. ? C. Beijing welcomes visitors from different places. ? D. Beijing government has done something to make traffic jams less. 3、根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 ___1__ It is a new term in today's tourism industry. But in an age of growing environmental awareness, it is not too difficult for us to imagine and understand this new form of holiday. Ecotourism, which? is? considered? as? a? kind? of responsible? tourism, is? typically? defined (定义) as? travel? to? places where special and unusual plants, animals and cultural heritages (遗产) are the main attractions.???? __2___???? Therefore, programs concerning the protection of some natural and cultural spots also form a part of ecotourism. Ecotourism is developing at great speed. According to a recent report by the World Tourism Organization, ecotourism in recent years has enjoyed an annual growth of about 5% worldwide.?? ___3__??? They include bird watching, hiking, diving,? photography and taking part in various kinds of local cultural events. ___4___?? However, it looks like some smaller towns and country areas may well become the new destinations for people to visit tomorrow because they are rich in ecological, cultural and historical resources. Ecotourism has been gaining increasing recognition and popularity mainly for the relaxing, natural and vivid experience it offers to tourists. People are attracted to nature and long to be close to it. However, a conflict between nature and human beings is unavoidable.?? __5___ A. The definition of ecotourism is beyond words. B. It takes ecology and culture into consideration. C. You may not be very familiar with “ecotourism”. D. More than 80 activities have been listed for ecotourism. E. People can have great fun enjoying nature through ecotourism. F. Big cities are still the major places that attract tourists in our society today. G. How to protect natural resources while taking advantage of them is of great importance. 4、How green are you? Do you know how to be green? We all need a healthy environment, but we produce waste every day and it does harm to our environment. Though we are young, we can still do something to help. In fact, even the simplest everyday activities can make a real difference to the environment. Here are some ideas for you. Reduce Reduce means “use less”. Don’t waste things. This saves money and reduces pollution and waste going into the environment. Before we buy something new, think whether it is really necessary—or maybe the old one will be just as good! When we do buy things, choose local products if possible, and try not to buy too many things from abroad. Reuse Reuse means “use again”. Use things for as long as possible. When we buy things, make sure that they last a long time. We should look after them so that they will last, and we should repair them if we can instead of throwing them away and buying new ones. Don’t use a paper cup of a paper bag. It’s better to use a china cup and a lunch box because you can use them again. Recycle Recycle means “change things into something else”. Though it takes energy to change something into something else, it’s better than throwing things away or burning them. Find out what can be recycled in your neighborhood and take part in recycling programs. We should also buy products made from recycled materials, such as recycled paper, to help save trees. So please remember these three words: reduce, reuse and recycle. (? ) 1. What is the passage about? A. How to produce things.???????? B. How to burn things. C. How to help others.??????????? D. How to be green. (? ) 2. Which of the following is right? ???? A. Don’t waste things.?????? B. Always throw away old things. ??? C. Always buy new things.???? D. Buy too many things from abroad. ( ?) 3. Why is it better to use a china cup and a lunch box? ?? A. You can burn them. ?? B. You can use them again. ?? C. You can throw them away. ?? D. You can change them into something else. (? ) 4. To protect the environment, we should remember these three words: _______. ??? A. waste, reuse and recycle????? B. repair, burn and recycle ??? C. reduce, reuse and recycle???? D. reduce, waste and recycle. (? ) 5. The passage may come from ______. ??? A. a menu?? B. a dictionary? C. a storybook? D. a magazine 5、阅读理解 We all know that 70% of the earth is water.But only 1% of it is clean water.People can't live without water.So it's important for everyone to save water.Here are some tips for saving water. Indoors: ●Turn the tap off while you are brushing your teeth,washing your hands,doing dishes,taking a shower and so on. ●Catch the cold water that comes out of the tap or shower while you are waiting for the hot water.Use it to water plants or wash your toilet. ●Don't wash clothes too often.When you use the washing machine,make sure there is not only a pair of pants in it. Outdoors: ●Water the garden and grass at night.This gives water more time to get into the earth without evaporation from the day's heat. ●Plant small trees under big trees.This will help stop evaporation and gives some shade(树阴) for your plants.You can also plant a shade garden under trees. 1.It's important for everyone to save water because  . A.70% of the earth is water B.the water on the earth is clean C.only a small part of the water is clean D.we need it to water plants 2.What does the underlined word"evaporation"mean in Chinese?   A.流失?????????? B.蒸发???????? C.渗透????????? D.锁住 3.The following ways can save water according to the passage except  . A.planting a shade garden under trees B.watering the garden and grass during the night time C.catching the cold water when you wait for the hot water to shower D.using the washing machine as you like,no matter how many dirty clothes there are. 6、Scientists have helped people understand the dangers facing the earth. As people live on the earth, we should be fully ready to deal with the dangers. If we do not pay more attention to the problems caused by air pollution, our earth may no longer be a healthy place for plants, animals, and people to live. Cleaning up the air is a job that all countries must work on. The problems caused by air pollution can be solved, but a lot of work needs to be done. Governments around the world are beginning to work together to lower the levels of dangerous gases in the atmosphere(大气层). If this can be done well, the ozone layer(臭氧层) can rebuild itself, global warming can be controlled, and acid rain can be reduced. In 1967, the government of the United States passed the Clean Air Act. More parts were added to the act in 1970, 1977 and 1990. As a result of these laws, cars now must reduce the amounts of harmful gases. Power factories must use "clean coal" methods to reduce acid-rain gases they produce. In 1970, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was set up. The EPA's job is to make sure that the environmental laws are being followed and to find out new dangers and offer solutions. The first Earth Day was also celebrated in 1970. While it is very important to address with air on a global scale, each person can also do something to protect the Earth. Here are some things you can do every day: 1) Turn down the heat and air conditioning. 2) Use the dishwasher only when they are full of dishes. 3) Practice the 3 Rs: recycle, reuse, and reduce. 4) Plant a tree. 5) Walk or ride your bike. (??? ) 1. If we don't care about _____ problems, our earth may no longer be a healthy place. A. Air pollution?????? B. Water pollution C. Noise pollution (??? ) 2. Every country should _____ to solve the problems caused by air pollution. A. rebuild the ozone layer????? B. clean up the air C. produce harmful gases (??? ) 3. All the things the EPA can do is to _______ A.make more laws? ??????????? B. find out new dangers ?? ? C. protect the environment (??? ) 4. The Clean Air Act was passed ________ by the American government. A. In 1967????? B. In 1970 ????????????? C. In 1977 (??? ) 5. In our daily life, we can do something to protect the earth by _______. A. using more cars? ??????????? B. riding the bikes C. cutting down trees 7、 1. What should you put in your diary? A. Some frogs.?????????? B. The date of World Wetlands Day. C. 1971??????????????? D. Any special day. 2. Where do people celebrate World Wetlands Day? A. All over the world.????????????????? B. In ships C. At home.????????????????????????? D. In their own way. 3. Which of the following sentences is NOT true? A. People celebrate World Wetlands Day by taking part in competitions. B. People celebrate World Wetlands Day by taking ships to local wetlands. C. People celebrate World Wetlands Day by listening to talks about the wetlands. D. People celebrate World Wetlands Day by talking about the weather. 4. Why are small animals important? A. They are part of the balance of nature and the food chain. B. They are beautiful. C. Bigger animals are eaten by them D. Without them, there may be no water. 5. Which of the following might be the best title of the article? A. Wetlands Are Important B. Small Animals Are Also Important C. World Wetlands Day D. Food Chain?? 8、阅读理解 ??????????????????? ???It’s not WASTE until it is WASTED!With the World Environment Day coming,? our school is now requiring every student to form a habit of sorting(分类)the waste. Here in our schoolyard we lay four different colors of rubbish bins for different kinds of rubbish. The red is for harmful waste; the blue is for waste that can be recycled; the green is for kitchen waste; the yellow is for other waste. The followings are some instructions for you. Glass: Empty bottles without caps can be recycled to make new glass bottles. Warning: Mirrors and light bulbs(电灯泡) must not be included in the glass waste. Paper: Newspapers,? magazines,? boxes must be clean enough to be recycled. Warning: Paper tissues(餐纸) and wall paper are not recyclable as paper and should be kept separately. PMD waste: Packaging made of Plastic or Metal and Drink boxes are used to make new packaging. Warning: Plastic pots (e.g. yoghurt pots),? plastic bags must not be included with the PMD waste. Harmful waste: out-of-date drugs,? used batteries,? paint and oil… Besides,? if you don’t need your old bikes at all,? our school volunteers will collect them. We’re going to fix them up and then give them away to kids who don’t have enough money for a bike. To find out more about recycling,? you can visit our school website. 1. According to the passage,________ different colors of rubbish bins are laid in the schoolyard. A. 4???????????????????????????? B. 5???????????????????????????? C. 6????????????????????? D. 7 2. The fish bones(骨) should be thrown in the ___________ bin. A. red?????????????????????????????????? B. green ????????????????????? C. blue????????????????? D. yellow 3. From the passage,? we can see that _________ are harmful to the environment. A. paper tissues????????????? ?????? B. empty bottles ????????? C. drink boxes????????????? D. out-of-date drugs 4. If you give your old bike to the volunteers,? it will be ________________. A. sold to collect money for the poor kids????? B. fixed up and given back to you for free C. fixed up and given away to the poor kids?? D. given away immediately to the poor kids 5. The main purpose of this passage is ________________. A. to look for volunteers for waste sorting???? B. to introduce waste sorting to the students C. to introduce the World Environment Day D. to advertise glass,? paper and plastic products 9、The search for life outside the Earth may have moved to a new and exciting level. A team of astronomers ( 天文学家) said they have found a new planet that has many important parts similar to those of the Earth. The planet,? which travels around a red dwarf star( 红矮星) called Gliese 581,? has the right size and temperature. Most importantly,? the planet lies in the suitable living area of the star,? which makes the planet not too hot or too cold. Scientists say the new world,? Gliese 581C is five times larger than the Earth. It may have water since it is in the right place for the red dwarf to survive in space. Swiss scientist Michel Mayor said it is an important step on the way to find possible life in the space and there are still lots of questions. For more than ten years,? astronomers and scientists have been keeping their eyes on the space in search for another Earth,? another world that can support life or already has it. According to records,? the first discovery of extra solar(太阳系) planet going around a normal star was made in 1995. Since then,? the number of newly discovered worlds has increased to about 200. But they are just dead with lifeless bodies. The Gliese 581C came into our eyes and mankind has reason to celebrate. After all,? we may have living neighbours. The discovery doesn't promise much,? but it offers hope that there could be other people or living things out there. (????? )1. The new planet has made_________. A. the search for life outside the Earth new and exciting B. many important parts of the Earth new and similar C. a red dwarf star not too hot or not too cold D. the astronomers believe everything (????? )2. The new planet goes around_________. A. the Earth?????????? B. the Sun????? C. the red dwarf star????? D. the Moon (????? )3. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. A new planet for people to live in has been found. B. The red dwarf star is five times larger than the Earth. C. Scientists have a lot of questions about the new planet. D. Scientists have proved there is some water in the new planet. (????? ) 4. Why do astronomers and scientists keep their eyes on the space? A. They hate the life on the Earth. B. They want to support more life. C. They want to search for another world. D. There are some people and living things there. (????? )5. What would the scientists most like to tell us in the passage? A. Astronomers first discovered the extra solar planet in 1995. B. Mankind wants to celebrate the discovery of the new planet. C. The number of newly discovered worlds is about 200. D. Mankind may have living neighbours in space. 10、Trees are useful to man in three important ways: they give him wood and other useful things, they give him cool places, and they help to stop drought and flood. Unluckily, in many parts of the world, man has not found that the third of these points is the most important. Man wants to make money from trees, so he has cut them down in large numbers, only to find that without them he has lost the best friends he had. And also, he is usually too careless to plant and look after new trees. So the forests slowly disappear. This does not only mean that man will have fewer trees. The results are even worse: for where there are trees, their roots break up soil(土壤)-make the rain in-and also bind(粘合) the soil,? thus(这样) stopping it from being washed away easily; but where there are no trees, the rain falls on hard ground and flows away, causing floods and carrying away the rich top-soil. When all the top-soil is gone, nothing is left but useless desert. 1. The most important points of trees to man is that________. A. they help him to make money???????????? B. they give him cool C. they give him wood and other things??????? D. they help him to stop drought and floods 2. In many places forests slowly disappear because ________ . A. many trees have been cut down by man B. new trees are not well looked after C. man has not paid enough attention to planting trees D. all the above 3. Land becomes desert after all trees are cut down because ________ . A. roots of trees break up the soil B. there are too many rainfalls C. strong winds bring a lot of sand D. there are no longer trees to keep the rain and protect the top-soil. 4. Which title best fits the passage? A. Trees and Man???????????????? B. The Function of Tree Wood C. How do People do with Trees???? D. The Usage of Tree Roots 参考答案 一、阅读理解 1、1C 2A 3A 4B 5C 2、1C 2B 3D 4D 5D 3、文章给我们解释了“生态旅游”的含义以及其项目内容,并指出在发展生态旅游的同时,我们还要注意保护环境。 1.C 本段引出文章的话题,根据下句“It is a new term...”及全文围绕ecotourism展开,可知C项正确。 2.B 根据下文“Therefore,programs concerning the protection? of? some natural and cultural spots also form? a? part of? ecotourism.”可知,环境的保护和文化的保护是结合在一起的,由此可知B项正确。 3.D 本段讲述生态旅游越来越火,下文列出了几个生态旅游的活动,由此可知D项正确。 4.F 下文讲述小城镇和农村地区也可能在未来成为游客的目的地,however表示前后为转折关系,由此可知F项符合语境。故选F项。 5.G 本段指明生态旅游越来越被人们所认可,但是人和自然界之间的冲突是不可避免的,该冲突就是在保护自然资源和利用自然资源之间产生的,由此可知G项符合语境。 4、1D 2A 3B 4C 5D 5、1.C.细节理解题.根据文章第一段:We all know that 70% of the earth is water.But only 1% of it is clean water.People can't live without water.So it's important for everyone to save water.可知们都知道地球上70%都是水.但是只有1%的是干净的水. 人们的生活不能没有水,所以节水对每个人来说都是很重要的.故选C. 2.B.词义猜测题.根据句子:Water the garden and grass at night.This gives water more time to get into the earth without evaporation from the day's heat.可知在晚上的时候灌溉花园,这使水有更多的时间进入土壤,而不受天热的蒸发作用.结合语境以及常识,这里应该是蒸发,故选B. 3.D.细节理解题,根据文章第六段:Plant small trees under big trees.This will help stop evaporation and gives some shade(树阴) for your plants.可知在大树下面种小树苗,这将有助于防止蒸发,并给你的植物一些阴凉处.所以A选项正确.根据文章第五段:Water the garden and grass at night.This gives water more time to get into the earth without evaporation from the day's heat.可知在晚上的时候灌溉花园,这使水有更多的时间进入土壤,而不受天热的蒸发作用.所以B选项正确.根据文章第三段:Catch the cold water that comes out of the tap or shower while you are waiting for the hot water.可知当你在等待热水的时候要把冷水接出来.所以C选项正确.根据文章第四段:Don't wash clothes too often.When you use the washing machine,make sure there is not only a pair of pants in it.可知不要经常洗衣服,当你使用洗衣机洗的时候,要确定里面不只是一件衣服.所以D选项错误,故选D. 6、1A 2B 3C 4A 5B 7、1B 2A 3D 4A 5A 8、1A 2B 3D 4C 5B 9、1. A? 2. C? 3. C? 4. C? 5. D 10、1D 2D 3D 4A
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