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人教八上Unit 6 I’m going to study computer science 重点归纳与解难探究(含答案)

人教八上Unit 6 I’m going to study computer science 重点归纳与解难探究(含答案)

2019-05-29
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Unit 6 I'm going to study computer science. Section A 重点归纳 单词新认知 1.厨师;烹饪__________ 2.医生__________ 3.驾驶员;司机__________ 4.飞行员__________ 5.学院;大学;高等专科学校__________ 6.教育__________ 7.伦敦__________ 8.文章__________ 9.engineer__________ 10.violinist__________ 11.pianist__________ 12,scientist__________ 13.medicine__________ 14,university__________ 15.send__________ 短语零距离 1.长大;成熟;成长______________ 2.计算机程序设计员______________ 3.确信;对……有把握______________ 4.确保;查明______________ 5.send...to....______________ 6.keep on doing______________ 7.try one’s best______________ 8.take acting lessons_____________ 9.study hard______________ 10.don’t worry______________ 句型面对面 1. --你长大以后打算做什么? --我打算成为一名计算机程序设计员 What do you want to be when you ______ _____ ? I ______ _____ _______ a computer programmer. 2. --你打算怎样去做呢? --我打算学习计算机科学。 ______ _____ you going to do that? I’m ______ _____ _______ computer science. 3. 现在我知道你为什么以如此擅长写故事啦。 I know why you’re _____ ______ ______ ______ stories. 4. 我要坚持不懈地写作。 I’m going to_____ ______ ______ ______. 5.不是每个人都知道自己要做什么。 ______ _____ ______what they want to be. 6. --你打算什么时候开始呢? --我打算上完中学和大学时开始。 -- ______are you going to start? --I’m going to start _____ _____ ____high school and college. 解难探究 1. What do you want to be when you grow up?你长大后想当什么? (1)本句是含有时间状语从句的复合句。grow up “长大;成熟;成长”;是动词短语,相当于不及物动词,其后不跟宾语。 【应用】 She ______ ______ in China.她是在中国长大的。 (2)grow 动词 ◆grow v.种植;使生长,为及物动词。 【应用】 She _____ _____ in the greenhouse.她在温室里栽培玫瑰花。 ◆grow v. 生长;发育;长大,为不及物动词。 【应用】 The watermelons ______ _____ in warm dry climate. 温暖干燥的气候适合西瓜生长。 【应用】 ◆grow v.变得,作连系动词,后面跟形容词。 He is growing ______ ______ ______.他长得越来越壮。 2. Well,I'm going to keep on writing stories,of course. 噢,我当然打算继续写故事了。 (1)本句是含有be going to 结构的简单句。be going to+v.用来表示将要发生的事或打算、计划、决定要做的事。 【应用】 We ______ _____ _____ ______ something online. 我们打算网上买东西。 (2)keep on 继续,其后接动词?ing形式,表示“继续做某事,不断做某事”。 【应用】 The children ______ ______ ______ computer games. 孩子们不断地玩电脑游戏。 拓展提升 ◆keep sb.(sth.) doing sth.让某人(物) 不断做某事【应用】The boss _____the workers_____ all day.老板让工人们整天不断地工作。◆keep in mind 记住,牢记【应用】_____ _____ ____that you have to be home by nine o'clock. 记住,你必须在九点以前回家。 3. My parents want me to be a doctor,but I'm not sure about that.我父母想让我当医生,但是我还没确定。 be sure about 确信;对……有把握,相当于be sure of。 【应用】 I think I can win the match. I _____ ______ ______ it. 我认为我能赢这场比赛。我对此有把握。 拓展提升 (1)be sure to do sth.务必做某事;一定做某事,相当于make sure to do sth.,用在祈使句中时,表示说话人的一种要求。【应用】_____ _____ _____ ______ to my birthday party.一定要来参加我的生日聚会。 (2)be sure+that 从句,表示“肯定;确信”,许多时候可与“be sure to do sth.”替换。【应用】I_____ _____ _____ I can run much faster.=I _____ _____ ______ run much faster. 我肯定能跑得快多了。 4. My cousin wants to be a cook.我表弟想当一名厨师。 cook n. 厨师 【应用】 Is your father _____ _____?你爸爸是一名厨师吗? 拓展提升 (1)cook v.烹饪;煮,可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。 【应用】 My mother is _____ _____ in the kitchen. 我妈妈正在厨房里做晚饭。 He ______very well.他做饭做得很好。 (2)cooker n.厨具 【应用】 The_______ is very expensive.这厨具是很贵的。 (3)cook sb. sth.=cook sth. for sb.给某人做饭 【应用】 She often _____ _____ delicious meals.=She often_____ delicious meals _____ us.她经常给我们做美食。 (4)do some cooking 做饭 【应用】 I'm _____ _____ ______ when you call me. 当你给我打电话时我正在做饭。 5. I'm going to write articles and send them to magazines and newspapers. 我打算写文章并把它们发送到杂志和报纸上。 send v. 发送;寄,常接双宾语,用于send sb. sth.=send sth. to sb.寄(发送)某物给某人,当sth.是宾格代词时,只用send sth. to sb. 【应用】He sent me a letter last month.=He sent a letter to me last month.他上月寄给我一封信。 I want to send them to my friends.我想把它们寄给我的朋友们。 类似的还有如下动词: give(pass,show,sell)sb. sth.=give(pass,show,sell) sth. to sb.给(递,出示,卖)某物给某人 重点归纳与解难探究参考答案重点归纳单词新认知1.cook 2.doctor 3.driver 4.pilot 5.college 6.education 7.London 8.article 9.工程师 10.小提琴手 11.钢琴家 12.科学家 13.药;医学 14.(综合性)大学;高等学府 15.邮寄;发送短语零距离1.grow up 2.computer programmer 3.be sure about 4.make sure 5.把……发送到…… 6. 坚持做某事 7.尽某人最大努力 8.上表演课 9.努力学习 10.不用担心句型面对面1.grow up; want to be 2. How are ;going to study 3.so good at writing 4. keep on writing stories 5. Not everyone knows 6. When; when I finish解难探究1. (1)grew up (2) grows roses; grow well;stronger and stronger 2.(1) are going to buy (2) kept on playing; kept, working; Keep in mind 3. am sure of/about (1) Be/Make sure to come (2) am sure that, am sure to 4. a cook;(1) cooking dinner, cooks (2) cooker (3) cooks us; cooks, for (4) doing some cooking Section B 重点归纳 单词新认知 1.外国的__________ 2.能够__________ 3.讨论;商量__________ 4.承诺;许诺;诺言__________ 5.身体的;肉体的__________ 6.他(她、它)们自己__________ 7.学校作业;功课__________ 8.自己的;本人的__________ 9.resolution__________ 10.team_________ 11.question__________ 12.meaning__________ 13.beginning_________ 14.improve__________ 15.hobby__________ 16.weekly__________ 17.personal__________ 18.relationship__________ 19.self-improvement__________ 短语零距离 1. make the soccer team________________ 2. make a promise_______________ 3. have something in common ____________ 4. New Year’s Resolutions ___________ 5.different kinds of______________ 6.make a weekly plan______________ 7.能够做某事______________ 8.在……开始______________ 9.写下;记录下______________ 10.关于;与……有关系______________ 11.学着做;开始做______________ 句型面对面 1.我打算上吉他课。我真的热爱音乐。 I’m going to_____ _____ _____. I really love music. 2.太棒了!但是外语不适合我。 Great! But foreign languages_____ _____ _____ ______. 3. --去年你下决心了吗?--你能坚持执行它们吗? --Did you______ ______ ______ last year? --Were you able to_____ _____? 4. 我保证我从学校回来时整理我的房间。 I promise I’m going to _____ _____ ____when I _____ _____ _____ ______. 5. 一些人写下来年的决心和计划。 Some people_____ _____ their resolutions_____ _____ and the coming year. 6. 一些人可能说他们要培养一些爱好,比如画画和照相,或学习和弹吉他。 Some people might say they are going to_____ ______ a like painting or_____ _____, or learn to play the guitar. 7. 虽然有不同之处,但是多数决心有一个共同之处。 ______ there are differences, most resolutions have one thing _____ ______. 8. 鉴于这个原因,一些人说最好的决心是没有下决心! _____ _____ _____, some people say the best resolution is____ _____ ______ _____! 解难探究 1. Sounds like a good plan.听起来像个好计划。 (1)本句是个省略句。完整的句子应是: That sounds like a good plan. (2)sound like听起来像,后跟名词或代词。 【应用】 The voice doesn't sound like Lily.这嗓音听起来不像莉莉。 拓展提升 类似的短语还有look like,feel like,seem like等。【应用】The woman _____ _____ your mother.那个妇女看起来像你的妈妈。 The man ______ _____ a kind person.那人看起来像个好心肠的人。 (3)sound v. 听起来,后接形容词作表语。 【应用】 The music _____ _____.这音乐听起来很美。 (4)sound n.声音,指自然界的声音。 【应用】 ______ _____ _____the wind is very sweet.这风的声音很悦耳。 2. To question the idea of making resolutions. 质疑做决定的观点。 (1)question v. 表示疑问;怀疑;提问;质询 【应用】 She _______ me something about the technical problem. 她向我询问了一些关于技术问题的事。 (2)question n. 问题 【应用】 Can you answer my ______?你能回答我的问题吗? 拓展提升 辨析:question和problem question和problem (1)question 问题;疑问;询问,指一般的问题。常与ask,answer搭配。 (2)problem 问题;难题,指已存在的,需要解决的问题。常与solve,deal with搭配。【应用】I can answer your _____. But you can't solve my______.我能回答你的问题。但是你不能解决我的问题。 3. Most of the time,we make promises to other people. 大多数时间,我们向他人许诺。 (1)promise n. 承诺;诺言,是可数名词。make a promise to sb.=make promises to sb.向某人许诺; keep/break one's promise 保守/打破诺言。 【应用】 Don't _____ _____ _____ to others easily.不要轻易向他人许诺。 (2)promise v.许诺;承诺,后可接名词、代词、动词不定式、从句作宾语,也可接双宾语。 ◆promise sb. sth.=promise sth. to sb. 【应用】 He _____ ______ the book.=He ______ the book _______ me. 他答应给我这本书。 My teacher______ ______ ______ us.我老师答应要帮助我们。 ◆promise sb. to do sth.答应某人做某事 【应用】 You must ______ _____ ______ ______ early tomorrow morning. 你必须答应我明天早上早点。 4. Some people might say they are going to take up a hobby like painting or taking photos,or learn to play the guitar. 一些人也许会说他们打算从事一项业余爱好,比如绘画、摄影,或者学习弹吉他。 take up (尤指为消遣) 学着做;开始做 【应用】 He______ _____ swimming last summer. 他去年夏天开始学游泳的。 拓展提升 和up 有关的短语: cut up 切碎;get up起床;put up 搭建;举起 stay up late 熬夜;wake...up 把……叫醒 make up 编造;dress up 乔装打扮 5. Do you agree with the writer?你同意作者的观点吗? (1)agree v. 同意;赞成;允许 【应用】 They will never _____.他们永远不会同意。 (2)agree with sb.同意某人/某人的话 【应用】 Do you ______ _____ me?你同意我的话吗? (3)agree to do sth.同意做某事 【应用】 He _____ _____ ______with me.他同意跟我一起去。 (4)agree on 在……方面意见一致 【应用】 We ______ _____the question.在这个问题上我们意见一致。 6.The first resolution has to do with my own personal improvement.第一个决定和我个人的发展有关。 own adj. & pron.“自己的;本人的”;常放于形容词性物主代词的后面。 【应用】 You can see with ______ _____ eyes.你可以用自己的眼睛看。 拓展提升 (1)own v.拥有;占有【应用】I _____ a building with a beautiful garden.我拥有一所带着漂亮花园的楼房。(2)owner n. 所有者;物主【应用】Who's the owner of the watch?谁是这块手表的主人? 重点归纳与解难探究参考答案重点归纳单词新认知1.foreign 2.able 3.discuss 4.promise 5.physical 6.themselves 7.schoolwork 8.own 9.决心;决定 10.对;组 11.表示疑问;怀疑;提问;质询 12.意义;意思 13.开头;开端 14.改进;改善 135.业余爱好 16.每周的(地) 17.个人的;私人的 18.关系;联系 19.自我改进;自我提高短语零距离1.组建一个足球队 2.许诺 3.有一些共同的东西 4.新年计划 5.不同种类的 6.制定一周计划 7.be able to 8.at the beginning of 9.write down 11.have to do with 12.take up 句型面对面 1. take guitar lessons 2. are not for me 3. make any resolutions; keep them 4. tidy my room; get back from school 5. write down; plans for 6. take up; taking photos 7. Although ;in common 8. For this reason; to have no resolutions解难探究 1. (2) looks like; seems like (3) sounds beautiful (4) The sound of 2. (1) questioned (2) question; question, problem 3.(1)make a promise (2) promised me; promised, to; promised to help; promise me to be 4. took up 5.(1)agree (2) agree with (3) agreed to go (4) agree on 6. your own;(1) own (2)owner 专题突破 语法透析(分级精练篇语法专项过关练习见P) be going to 在时态上相当于一般将来时,它是一般将来时的一种特殊结构。用来表示将要发生的事 或打算、计划、决定要做的事,所以常与表示将来的时间状语tomorrow,the day after tomorrow,next year(week,month,term,etc.),in a few years等连用。 一、其常用用法有以下几种: 二、be going to结构的句式: 1.肯定句:主语+be going to+动词原形+其他。(be随主语人称变化而变化) 2.否定句:主语+be+not going to+动词原形+其他。 3.一般疑问句:Be+主语+going to+动词原形+其他?  肯定回答:主语+be. 否定回答:主语+be not. 4.特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+be+主语+going to+动词原形+其他? 三、There be句型与be going to 结构连用时,则: there is(are)going to be+名词+其他。 【应用】 There is going to be a sports meeting next week. 下周将举行一次运动会。 There are going to be two matches this evening. 今晚将有两场比赛。 There is going to be an exam this afternoon. 今天下午将有一场考试。 单元写作 写作素材 本单元的写作是介绍自己或他人的理想中的工作。在写这样的文章时,首先要写出自己或他人的理想是什么,即希望成为什么人,为什么希望成为那样的人;其次写出应该怎样朝着理想去努力奋斗,即怎样做来实现理想;最后点题。因为是理想中的工作,所以常用be going to 表示的将来时态来描述。 常用短语、句型: 1.be going to+动词原形 打算做某事 2.practice doing练习做某事 3.keep on doing sth.不断地做某事 4.learn to do sth.学会做某事 5.finish doing sth.做完某事 6.promise to do sth.许诺去做某事 7.help sb. to do sth.帮助某人做某事 8. agree to do sth.同意做某事 9.want to do sth.想要做某事 10. make a promise许下承诺我要坚持不懈地写作。 11. What do you want to be when you grow up? 你长大以后打算做什么? 12.I want to be a computer programmer. 我打算成为一名计算机程序设计员。 13. How are you going to do that? 你打算怎样去做呢? 14.I’m going to study computer science. 我打算学习计算机科学。 15. I’m going to keep on writing stories. 我要坚持不懈地写作。 16. I’m going to take guitar lessons. I really love music. 我打算上吉他课。我真的热爱音乐。 典型例题 假如你是李刚(14岁),请根据下面的提示词,以My future job为题写一篇短文,60词以上。 提示词:like,play sports,write articles,school magazine,sports reporter,grow up,newspaper,work for,CCTV ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 范文: My future job I'm Li Gang. I am fourteen years old. I like playing sports and writing articles. I play football and basketball every day. And I often write articles for our school magazine. I want to be a sports reporter when I grow up. I am going to write articles for newspapers. And I want to work for CCTV as a sports reporter. Now I work very hard. I think my dream will come true. 练习 根据汉语提示及要求,以"My Dream Job"为题用英语写一篇短文。 提示: 1. 想成为一名记者; 2. 打算给报纸、杂志写文章; 高中毕业后想去北京上大学; 4. 想在一家电台工作并环游世界。 要求: 1. 条理清楚,语句通顺,语法正确,书写规范; 2. 不少于60词。 _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 语法透析【应用】There is going to be, There are going to be, There is going to be单元写作One possible versionMy Dream Job When I grow up, I'm going to be a journalist. Next year, I'm going to write articles for magazines and newspapers. I'm going to a university in Beijing after senior school. Maybe I'm going to find a part-time job and save some money. Next, I'm going to work for a TV station as a journalist. Then I'm going to travel all over the world.
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